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 A region of the sky with a distinctive pattern of stars  There are 88 constellations, divided into 3 main groups:  Northern  Equatorial  Southern.

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Presentation on theme: " A region of the sky with a distinctive pattern of stars  There are 88 constellations, divided into 3 main groups:  Northern  Equatorial  Southern."— Presentation transcript:

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2  A region of the sky with a distinctive pattern of stars  There are 88 constellations, divided into 3 main groups:  Northern  Equatorial  Southern  A subgroup of northern constellations exist – the circumpolars (never set below the horizon)  Also the northern and southern groups are divided into seasons – Winter and Summer

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4 DRACO (THE DRAGON)  Thuban,  Rastaban,  Etamin  Nodus Secundus  Tyl  Aldhibah  Ed Asich  Gianfar  Arrakis  Kuma  Grumium  Alsafi  Dsiban

5  Draco myth:  Pythos, the dragon Apollo slew in order to win Delphi. In honor of his victory, he placed his trophy among the stars.

6 CASSIOPEIA (THE QUEEN)  Schedar  Caph  Tsih  Ruchbah  Segin  Achird

7  Cassiopeia myth:  The wife of Cepheus and the mother of Andromeda, When she rejected to the marriage of Perseus to her daughter, Perseus displayed the head of Medusa and turned his enemies, including Cassiopeia, to stone. Neptune placed her in the sky, but in order to humiliate her, arranged it so that at certain times of the year, she would appear upside-down.

8 CEPHEUS (THE KING OF ETHIOPIA)  Alderamin  Alfirk  Er Rai  Kurhah  The Garnet Star

9  Cepheus myth:  King of Ethiopia and father to Andromeda (same story as Cassiopeia)

10 URSA MAJOR (THE GREAT BEAR)  Dubhe  Merak  Phad  Megrez  Alioth  Mizar  Alcor  Alkaid  Al Haud  Dnoces  Talitha Australis  Tania Borealis  Alula Australis  Muscida

11  Ursa Major myth:  Zeus fell in love with Callisto, daughter of Lycaon and by her had a son, Arcas. In order to spare Callisto from the wrath of Hera, Zeus changed her into a bear to hide her identity.

12 URSA MINOR (THE LITTLE BEAR)  Polaris  Kochab  Pherkab  Yildun  Anwar al Farkadain  Alifa al Farkadain  Epsilon

13  Ursa Minor myth:  Hera, discovering the tryst Zeus had had with Callisto, convinced Arcas to hunt after his mother, who had been changed into a bear by Zeus. To protect Callisto, Zeus changed Arcas into a bear and carried them both by their tails to the heavens, where they became constellations. Annoyed at this honor, Hera convinced Poseidon not to allow the bears to bathe in the sea. For this reason, Ursa Major and Ursa Minor never sink below the horizon.

14 Spring

15  Bootes (The Herdsman or Bear Driver)  Arcturus  Nekkar  Seginus  Izar  Mufrid  Merga

16  Bootes myth: According to one myth, Boötes was placed in the heavens as a reward for inventing the plow.

17  Hercules  Rasalgethi  Kornephoros  Sarin  Marfik  Maasym  Kajam

18  Hercules myth: Among his famous Twelve Labors, Hercules defeated the Nemean Lion (otherwise known as Leo) and the many- headed beast called Hydra. While fighting Hydra, Hercules also killed the little crab, Cancer.

19  Virgo (The Virgin)  Spica  Zavijah  Porrima  Auva  Vindemiatrix  Heze  Zaniah  Syrma  Rijl al Awwa

20  Virgo myth: Identified with many heroines, Virgo is usually associated with Ceres, goddess of the harvest. The brightest star in Virgo, Spica, means an ear of wheat or corn.

21 Summer

22  Aquarius (The Water Bearer)  Sadalmelik  Sadalsuud  Sadalachbia  Skat  Albali  Ancha  Situla

23  Aquarius myth: This constellation is depicted as a man or boy pouring water from a bucket. It may represent the rainy seasons.

24  Aquila (The Eagle)  Altair  Alshain  Tarazed  Deneb el Okab

25  Aquila myth: This is the bird that Jupiter sent to carry off Ganymede to serve as cupbearer to the gods.

26  Corona Borealis (The Northern Crown)  Alphekka  Nusakan

27  Corona Borealis myth: Ariadne fell in love with the hero Theseus, and helped him to kill the Minotaur. Dionysus looked down on her and fell in love with her, and had Theseus abandon her on an island. Dionysus married Ariadne and gave her a gem-encrusted crown as a wedding gift. When Ariadne died, Dionysus placed this crown among the stars.

28  Cygnus (The Swan)  Deneb  Albiereo  Sadr  Gienah Cygni  Azelfafage  Ruchba

29  Cygnus myth: Phaethon got his father to agree to let him drive his sun chariot, and his reckless driving threated to destroy the earth. Zeus intervened and hurled a thunderbolt at Phaethon, who fell into the Eridanus River. Phaethon's devoted friend, Cygnus, dived into the water in search of the body. Apollo took pity on Cygnus and changed him into a swan, placing him in the heavens.

30  Delphinius (The Dolphin)  Sualocin  Rotanev  Deneb Dulfim

31  Delphinius myth: A dolphin convinced Amphritrite to marry Poseidon, and as a reward, Poseidon placed Delphinus among the stars.

32  Lyra (The Lyre)  Vega  Sheliak  Sulafat  Aladfar  Alathfar

33  Lyra myth: The Lyre (a stringed instrument like a harp) was invented by Hermes as a gift to his half- brother Apollo, who gave it to Orpheus, the musician of the Argonauts.

34  Pegasus (The Winged Horse)  Markab  Scheat  Alginib  Enif  Homam  Matar  Baham  Salm

35  Pegasus myth: This winged horse sprung up from the blood of Medusa after Perseus killed her. Pegasus was tamed by Bellerophon, who used Pegasus in defeating the fire-breathing monster, Chimera. Bellerophon died while trying to fly up to Mount Olympus to see the gods. Zeus sent a gadfly which stung Pegasus, when bucked and threw Bellerophon to his death. Pegasus continued to fly up the mountain, and earned a place among the stars.

36 Autumn

37  Taurus (The Bull)  Aldebaran  Alnath  Hyadum I  Hyadum II  Ain  Alcyone  Celaeno  Electra  Taygeta  Maia  Asterope  Sterope II  Merope  Atlas  Pleione

38  Taurus myth:  Zeus disguised himself as a snow-white bull in order to attract Europa, Princess of Phoenicia. Drawn to his beauty, she climbed onto his back and Zeus swam with his passenger to the island of Crete.…

39  Auriga (The Charioteer)  Capella  Menkalinan  Al Anz  Haedi  Hoedus II  Hassaleh

40  Auriga myth:  No story really explains the figure that this constellation is suppose to define -- a charioteer without the chariot and horse, holding reins in his right hand, a goat on his left shoulder, and two small kids in his left arm.

41  Andromeda: (The Chained Lady)  Alpheratz  Mirach  Almaak  Adhil

42  Andromeda myth: Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, King and Queen of Ethiopia. When Cassiopeia boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than that of the Nerieds, sea nymphs, they asked Neptune to send the monster Cetus to ravage Ethiopia. Consulting an oracle, Cepheus found that the only way to appease Cetus was to sacrifice his daughter to the monster. Andromeda was chained to a rock by the sea to be sacrificed, but Perseus arrived from killing the Medusa, and turned turned Cetus into stone with the head of Medusa.

43  Perseus (The Hero)  Mirphak  Algol  Miriam  Menkib  Atik  Gorgonea Secunda  Gorgonea Tertia  Gorgonea Quarta

44  Perseus myth: Perseus killed Medusa, the only one of the Gorgons who was mortal. The three Gorgons were monsters that turned any that looked upon them to stone. Using his shield as a mirror, Perseus was able to kill Medusa without looking on her directly. With the head of Medusa, Perseus was able to kill the monster Cetus, and save the princess Andromeda, whom he married.

45 Winter

46  Canis Major (The Great Dog)  Sirius  Murzim  Muliphen  Wezen  Adara  Furud  Aludra

47  Canis Major myth:  This constellation is offened recognized as the dog of Orion, the hunter. Orion loved to hunt wild animals, and his dog can be seen ready to pounce on Lepus, the hare situated at Orion's feet.

48  Canis Minor (The Small Dog)  Procyon  Gomeisa

49  Canis Major myth:  Often associated as another of Orion's dogs, Canis Minor is sometimes associated with one of Helen's favorite dogs, who allowed Paris to abduct his mistress.

50  Orion (The Hunter)  Betelgeuse  Rigel  Bellatrix  Mintaka  Alnilam  Alnitak  Nair al Saif  Saiph  Meissa  Tabit  Thabit

51  Orion myth:  When this giant met Artemis, the goddess of the hunt, her brother Apollo feared for her virginity. Apollo sent Scorpius, the Scorpion, to attack Orion, who lept into the sea to escape. Apollo then tricked his sister into shooting at a dark spot on the waves, which was actually Orion. The goddess tried to have Asclepius revive Orion, but he had already been killed by Zeus' thunderbolt. Artemis then placed Orion in the heavens, where he continues to be hunted by the scorpion.

52  Gemini (The Twins)  Castor  Pollux  Alhena  Wasat  Mebsuta  Mekbuda  Propus  Tejat Posterior  Alzirr  Propus

53  Gemini myth:  Castor and Pollux, the famous twins of Leda. Castor was the son of Tyndarus, King of Sparta, but Pollux was the son of Zeus, who won over Leda in the form of a swan. After Castor's death, Pollux (immortal because of his father) was so overcome with grief that Zeus reunited them by placing them together in the heavens.

54  Leo (The Lion)  Regulus  Denebola  Algieba  Zosma  Adhafera  Chort

55  Leo myth: This is the Nemean Lion that Hercules battled as the first of his Labors. No weapon could pierce its skin, but Hercules killed the lion by strangling it. After killing the lion, Hercules used its own claws to skin it. Hercules wore the skin as a cloak, and it became his trademark.

56  Cancer (The Crab)  Acubens  Altarf  Asessus Borealis  Asellus sAustralis  Tegmen

57  Cancer myth:  Juno sent this crab to distract Hercules during his battle with the Hydra. The crab didn't succeed in its mission, but Juno placed it in the sky to reward it for its efforts.


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