2What is a constellation? A region of the sky with a distinctive pattern of starsThere are 88 constellations, divided into 3 main groups:NorthernEquatorialSouthernA subgroup of northern constellations exist – the circumpolars (never set below the horizon)Also the northern and southern groups are divided into seasons – Winter and Summer
4Circumpolar Constellations Draco (the Dragon)Thuban,Rastaban,EtaminNodus SecundusTylAldhibahEd AsichGianfarArrakisKumaGrumiumAlsafiDsiban
5Circumpolar Constellations Draco myth:Pythos, the dragon Apollo slew in order to win Delphi. In honor of his victory, he placed his trophy among the stars.
6Circumpolar Constellations Cassiopeia (The Queen)SchedarCaphTsihRuchbahSeginAchird
7Circumpolar Constellations Cassiopeia myth:The wife of Cepheus and the mother of Andromeda , When she rejected to the marriage of Perseus to her daughter, Perseus displayed the head of Medusa and turned his enemies, including Cassiopeia, to stone. Neptune placed her in the sky, but in order to humiliate her, arranged it so that at certain times of the year, she would appear upside-down.
8Circumpolar Constellations Cepheus (The King of Ethiopia)AlderaminAlfirkEr RaiKurhahThe Garnet Star
9Circumpolar Constellations Cepheus myth:King of Ethiopia and father to Andromeda (same story as Cassiopeia)
10Circumpolar Constellations Ursa Major (The Great Bear)DubheMerakPhadMegrezAliothMizarAlcorAlkaidAl HaudDnocesTalitha AustralisTania BorealisAlula AustralisMuscida
11Circumpolar Constellations Ursa Major myth:Zeus fell in love with Callisto, daughter of Lycaon and by her had a son, Arcas. In order to spare Callisto from the wrath of Hera, Zeus changed her into a bear to hide her identity.
12Circumpolar Constellations Ursa Minor (The little Bear)PolarisKochabPherkabYildunAnwar al FarkadainAlifa al FarkadainEpsilon
13Circumpolar Constellations Ursa Minor myth:Hera, discovering the tryst Zeus had had with Callisto, convinced Arcas to hunt after his mother, who had been changed into a bear by Zeus. To protect Callisto, Zeus changed Arcas into a bear and carried them both by their tails to the heavens, where they became constellations. Annoyed at this honor, Hera convinced Poseidon not to allow the bears to bathe in the sea. For this reason, Ursa Major and Ursa Minor never sink below the horizon.
18Spring ConstellationHercules myth: Among his famous Twelve Labors, Hercules defeated the Nemean Lion (otherwise known as Leo) and the many-headed beast called Hydra. While fighting Hydra, Hercules also killed the little crab, Cancer.
19Spring Constellation Virgo (The Virgin) Spica Zavijah Porrima Auva VindemiatrixHezeZaniahSyrmaRijl al Awwa
20Spring ConstellationVirgo myth: Identified with many heroines, Virgo is usually associated with Ceres, goddess of the harvest. The brightest star in Virgo, Spica, means an ear of wheat or corn.
22Summer Constellation Aquarius (The Water Bearer) Sadalmelik Sadalsuud SadalachbiaSkatAlbaliAnchaSitula
23Summer ConstellationAquarius myth: This constellation is depicted as a man or boy pouring water from a bucket. It may represent the rainy seasons.
24Summer Constellation Aquila (The Eagle) Altair Alshain Tarazed Deneb el Okab
25Summer ConstellationAquila myth: This is the bird that Jupiter sent to carry off Ganymede to serve as cupbearer to the gods.
26Summer Constellation Corona Borealis (The Northern Crown) Alphekka Nusakan
27Summer ConstellationCorona Borealis myth: Ariadne fell in love with the hero Theseus, and helped him to kill the Minotaur. Dionysus looked down on her and fell in love with her, and had Theseus abandon her on an island. Dionysus married Ariadne and gave her a gem-encrusted crown as a wedding gift. When Ariadne died, Dionysus placed this crown among the stars.
28Summer Constellation Cygnus (The Swan) Deneb Albiereo Sadr Gienah CygniAzelfafageRuchba
29Summer ConstellationCygnus myth: Phaethon got his father to agree to let him drive his sun chariot, and his reckless driving threated to destroy the earth. Zeus intervened and hurled a thunderbolt at Phaethon, who fell into the Eridanus River. Phaethon's devoted friend, Cygnus, dived into the water in search of the body. Apollo took pity on Cygnus and changed him into a swan, placing him in the heavens.
30Summer Constellation Delphinius (The Dolphin) Sualocin Rotanev Deneb Dulfim
31Summer ConstellationDelphinius myth: A dolphin convinced Amphritrite to marry Poseidon, and as a reward, Poseidon placed Delphinus among the stars.
32Summer Constellation Lyra (The Lyre) Vega Sheliak Sulafat Aladfar Alathfar
33Summer ConstellationLyra myth: The Lyre (a stringed instrument like a harp) was invented by Hermes as a gift to his half-brother Apollo, who gave it to Orpheus, the musician of the Argonauts.
34Summer Constellation Pegasus (The Winged Horse) Markab Scheat Alginib EnifHomamMatarBahamSalm
35Summer ConstellationPegasus myth: This winged horse sprung up from the blood of Medusa after Perseus killed her. Pegasus was tamed by Bellerophon, who used Pegasus in defeating the fire-breathing monster, Chimera. Bellerophon died while trying to fly up to Mount Olympus to see the gods. Zeus sent a gadfly which stung Pegasus, when bucked and threw Bellerophon to his death. Pegasus continued to fly up the mountain, and earned a place among the stars.
37Autumn Constellations Taurus (The Bull)AldebaranAlnathHyadum IHyadum IIAinAlcyoneCelaenoElectraTaygetaMaiaAsteropeSterope IIMeropeAtlasPleione
38Autumn Constellations Taurus myth:Zeus disguised himself as a snow-white bull in order to attract Europa, Princess of Phoenicia. Drawn to his beauty, she climbed onto his back and Zeus swam with his passenger to the island of Crete.…
39Autumn Constellations Auriga (The Charioteer)CapellaMenkalinanAl AnzHaediHoedus IIHassaleh
40Autumn Constellations Auriga myth:No story really explains the figure that this constellation is suppose to define -- a charioteer without the chariot and horse, holding reins in his right hand, a goat on his left shoulder, and two small kids in his left arm.
41Autumn Constellations Andromeda: (The Chained Lady)AlpheratzMirachAlmaakAdhil
42Autumn Constellations Andromeda myth: Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, King and Queen of Ethiopia. When Cassiopeia boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than that of the Nerieds, sea nymphs, they asked Neptune to send the monster Cetus to ravage Ethiopia. Consulting an oracle, Cepheus found that the only way to appease Cetus was to sacrifice his daughter to the monster. Andromeda was chained to a rock by the sea to be sacrificed, but Perseus arrived from killing the Medusa, and turned turned Cetus into stone with the head of Medusa.
43Autumn Constellations Perseus (The Hero)MirphakAlgolMiriamMenkibAtikGorgonea SecundaGorgonea TertiaGorgonea Quarta
44Autumn Constellations Perseus myth: Perseus killed Medusa, the only one of the Gorgons who was mortal. The three Gorgons were monsters that turned any that looked upon them to stone. Using his shield as a mirror, Perseus was able to kill Medusa without looking on her directly. With the head of Medusa, Perseus was able to kill the monster Cetus, and save the princess Andromeda, whom he married.
46Winter Constellation Canis Major (The Great Dog) Sirius Murzim MuliphenWezenAdaraFurudAludra
47Winter Constellation Canis Major myth: This constellation is offened recognized as the dog of Orion, the hunter. Orion loved to hunt wild animals, and his dog can be seen ready to pounce on Lepus, the hare situated at Orion's feet.
48Winter ConstellationCanis Minor (The Small Dog)ProcyonGomeisa
49Winter Constellation Canis Major myth: Often associated as another of Orion's dogs, Canis Minor is sometimes associated with one of Helen's favorite dogs, who allowed Paris to abduct his mistress.
50Winter Constellation Orion (The Hunter) Betelgeuse Rigel Bellatrix MintakaAlnilamAlnitakNair al SaifSaiphMeissaTabitThabit
51Winter Constellation Orion myth: When this giant met Artemis, the goddess of the hunt, her brother Apollo feared for her virginity. Apollo sent Scorpius, the Scorpion, to attack Orion, who lept into the sea to escape. Apollo then tricked his sister into shooting at a dark spot on the waves, which was actually Orion. The goddess tried to have Asclepius revive Orion, but he had already been killed by Zeus' thunderbolt. Artemis then placed Orion in the heavens, where he continues to be hunted by the scorpion.
53Winter Constellation Gemini myth: Castor and Pollux, the famous twins of Leda. Castor was the son of Tyndarus, King of Sparta, but Pollux was the son of Zeus, who won over Leda in the form of a swan. After Castor's death, Pollux (immortal because of his father) was so overcome with grief that Zeus reunited them by placing them together in the heavens.
54Winter Constellation Leo (The Lion) Regulus Denebola Algieba Zosma AdhaferaChort
55Winter ConstellationLeo myth: This is the Nemean Lion that Hercules battled as the first of his Labors. No weapon could pierce its skin, but Hercules killed the lion by strangling it. After killing the lion, Hercules used its own claws to skin it. Hercules wore the skin as a cloak, and it became his trademark.
56Winter Constellation Cancer (The Crab) Acubens Altarf Asessus Borealis Asellus sAustralisTegmen
57Winter Constellation Cancer myth: Juno sent this crab to distract Hercules during his battle with the Hydra. The crab didn't succeed in its mission, but Juno placed it in the sky to reward it for its efforts.