Presentation on theme: "The cleaner type of renewable energy. By: Brandon Konlian, Colleen Sullivan, Scott Lanza, Tsneem Abdelrahman, Austin Brinkley."— Presentation transcript:
The cleaner type of renewable energy. By: Brandon Konlian, Colleen Sullivan, Scott Lanza, Tsneem Abdelrahman, Austin Brinkley
bio- life mass- quantity of matter Biomass is any kind of plant or animal waste that is left behind, and yes trash, grasses, and trees are included. Then these leftover products get burned for fuel and can be transformed into electricity and re-newable fuels. Biomass Electricity is from biofuels that get boiled and heated up to over 300 degrees f. The steam and natural gases that arise from the biomass turns the turbine generator, which creates electricity. Biomass energy takes the energy out of plants and waste to create other forms of energy.
When biomass is replanted and burned, it absorbs carbon that is in the air. Biomass never runs out. Biomass can be made almost anywhere in the world. Grasses, trees, and waste can be found easily. It reduces the amount of trash that end up in landfills. It is a reliable energy source. It does not need any fossil fuels. It is not expensive. It produces greenhouse gases.
Fossil Fuels are cheaper than Biomass. Plants need a lot of land to grow. It releases Carbon Dioxide. It causes pollution, but helps clean it up. It can damage the environment, With smoke and steam. Some materials aren’t available all year long. It can cause environmental issues like deforestation.
Biomass energy is a much cleaner source of energy that fossil fuels. Many countries around the world are replacing gasoline and diesel oil with biomass fuels like biodiesel. Non- renewable forms of energy like coal can produce gas hydrogen, which is harmful to the environment. Petroleum Products such as oil, natural gas, and nuclear energy nom- renewable, biomass can be reused over again. Fun Fact- Vine Fuel In Sweden, some new cars run on E-85 fuel (85% ethanol) made from the vines in southern Europe. The biofuel is made instead of wine. Manufactures say that the 15% gasoline content helps cars start better in very col weather. A mix!
Biomass: Can be re planted and will collect carbon dioxide Will never run out Will grow almost anywhere Prevents the release of methane Will remove the smell of biofuels Biomass can be made by the burning of trash and waste Fossil Fuels: More concentrated stores of energy Requires LOTS of land If some small disaster happens it will cost at least $900 to fix it It can damage older engines Emits more nitrogen oxides Can cause smog in the air which causes acid rain
Biomass burns up all of the pollution in the land and in the atmosphere. In other word biomass energy is clean energy that cleans up landfills and overgrown grasses. The biomass and biofuels burnings release Green House Gases into the atmosphere like carbon dioxide, methane, and other atmosphere friendly gases. For biofuels to become gases it must go through a process called gasification- solid biomass into gases. Fun Fact: Thirty-Five cubic feet of waste can light a 100- watt bulb for 6 continues hours, cook three full meals for a family of six, and drive a car nine miles. (10-15 km) - this picture is a non- renewable fuel
Biopower cost a lot due to farmers having to grow more crops But also you can use waste, trash, and even plants and wood If you buy fuel from a company chances are that the prices are a lot less than coal and other fossil fuels
You mostly reuse trash like: Plants Wood/ Sticks Animal/ Mammal waste You need generators, boilers for power specific for biomass Also large tanks to store the gases, waste, or fuels
Biomass is burning plants and natural materials Therefore, biomass is reusable and is basically unlimited Also if you need to you can use animal waste So with that farmers can grow plants just for energy
A biomass power plant typically requires 15 to 100 acres of land The area is usually landscaped, and is located away from the public Some good sights for plant are in the Midwest and places like Pennsylvania for the East coast
Biomass can be turned into biodiesel, which can run cars Biodiesel is made from oils of plants, like sunflowers Biodiesel usually run large vehicles like tractors and buses Biodiesel can run some types of regular cars though Biomass burning fields can be easily accessed from car.
Would you rather this: Non-Renewable Energy OR A Clean Biomass Energy Earth:
Armentrout, David, and Patricia Armentrout. ‘’Let’s Explore Science: Biofuels. 01 Jan. 2009:n.p. SIRS Discover. Web,. 05 Feb. 2014 Badgley, Duff. ‘’Worse than coal’’ No Biomass Burn. n.p., Jan 25 2010. Web. 10 Feb 2014. http://www.nobiomassburn.org/2010/01/worse-than-coal/ http://www.nobiomassburn.org/2010/01/worse-than-coal/ ‘’Energy and sources of energy’’. Clilenergies.n.p., Web. 11 Feb. 2014. http://clilenergies.wikispaces.com/1.+Energy+and+Sources+ofenergy http://clilenergies.wikispaces.com/1.+Energy+and+Sources+ofenergy Morris, Neil. Biomass Power. North Mankato: Smart Apple Media, 2007, Print. ‘’Why Biomass?’’ Biomass-Energy Supplies. majec-biomass.com, 2012. Web. 10 Feb 2014 [http://majec-biomass.com/biomass-energy.html]
Clair, Lee, and Pete Fordham. “Biomass: An Emerging Fuel for Power Generation.” Power Engineering 113.11 (2009): 160, 160, 162, 164, 166. ProQuest. Web. 5 Feb. 2014 “Efficient Biomass Handling” Guttrige Bulk Materials Handling. N.P., N.D. WEB. 10/2/14. [www.guttrige.co.uk/] Erin Voegele. “IRENA report finds cost reduction potential for biomass power” Biomass Magazine. N.P., 1/18/13 WEB 11/2/14 [www.biomassmagazine.com/] Povey, Karen. BioFuels. Farmington Hills: Thomson Gale, 2007. Print. Walker, Niki, Biomass Fueling Change. New York: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2007. Print.
“Biomass—Energy from Wood, Garbage, and Agriculture Waste.” EIA kids Corner (U.S. Department of Energy). 05 Apr. 2001: n.p. SIRS Discovery. Web. 10 Feb, 2014. “California Biomass and Waste-to-Energy Statistics & Data” http://energyalamanac.ca.gov/renewables/biomass/ n.p., n.d. Web. 2-7-2014 http://energyalamanac.ca.gov/renewables/biomass/ Thomas, Isabel. The Pros and Cons of Biomass Power. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2008. Print.
Armentrout, David and Patricia Armentrout. “Let’s Explore Science: Biofuels” Let’s Explor Science: Biofuels. 01 Jan. 2009: n.pag. SIRS Discover. WEB. 05 FEB. 2014. “Biomass-Fired Stream Power Plants”. Alstom. n. p. n. d. WEB. 10-2-14. http://www.alstom.com http://www.alstom.com “Biomass Maps”. NREL. n. p. n. d. WEB. 11-2-14. http://auto.howstuffwork.comhttp://auto.howstuffwork.com “Biomass Power Plants”. Teeic. N. p. n. d. WEB. 5-2-2014. http://teeic.anl.govhttp://teeic.anl.gov Karl. ”Hawaii rental company offers Biofuel car rentals”. Make biofuel. N. p. August 27, 2010. WEB. 11-2-2014. http://ww.makebiofuel.co.ukhttp://ww.makebiofuel.co.uk M. Scott Hess. “How Bidiesel Works”. How stuff works n. p. n. d. WEB. 11-2-14. http://auto.howstuffworks.com http://auto.howstuffworks.com Wlker,Niki. Biomass Fueling Change. New York: Crabtree publishing company, 1972. print.
Belsie,Laurent,”Green’ Definition Generates Debate.” Christian Science Monitor. Jan,29 2001: n.p. SIRS Discoverer. WEB.04. 5,February 2014 “Biomass,” [http://whatabiomass.weebly.com/pros-and-cons.html] (no publisher given). (no date of publication given).WEB.5,February 2014http://whatabiomass.weebly.com/pros-and-cons.html Morris, Neil. Biomass Power. North Mankato: Smart Apple Media, 2007.print. Thomas, Isabel. The Pros an Cons of Biomass Power. New York: Wayland/ The Rosen Publication Group Inc., 2008.print. Walker, Nikki, Biomass Fueling Change. New York: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2007.print. “Who is Using Biomass Energy?” [http://www.riomay.com/renewable-technologies/biomass- energy]n.p. 10 February 2014. WEBhttp://www.riomay.com/renewable-technologies/biomass- energy “World Biofuel Event Underway in Rotterdam,” [http://www2.renewableenergyfocus.com/biew/31258/World-biofuel-event-underway-in- rotterdam/] n.p. 10 February 2014.WEB.http://www2.renewableenergyfocus.com/biew/31258/World-biofuel-event-underway-in- rotterdam/