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The Russian Revolution. Social Structure of Czarist Russia Peasants Peasants 90% of population, Majority were serfs90% of population, Majority were serfs.

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Presentation on theme: "The Russian Revolution. Social Structure of Czarist Russia Peasants Peasants 90% of population, Majority were serfs90% of population, Majority were serfs."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Russian Revolution

2 Social Structure of Czarist Russia Peasants Peasants 90% of population, Majority were serfs90% of population, Majority were serfs Could not own land, No legal rights, Could not travel freely, Taxed heavilyCould not own land, No legal rights, Could not travel freely, Taxed heavily Intellectuals Intellectuals Very small class of peopleVery small class of people Well educatedWell educated Wanted to improve RussiaWanted to improve Russia

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4 Social Structure of Czarist Russia Clergy Clergy Russian Orthodox Church (Christian)Russian Orthodox Church (Christian) Many different ranks among leaders Priests, bishops, archbishopsMany different ranks among leaders Priests, bishops, archbishops Nobility Nobility 1% of population1% of population Controlled the land and wealth of RussiaControlled the land and wealth of Russia Lived and dressed extravagantlyLived and dressed extravagantly Included the Czar of RussiaIncluded the Czar of Russia

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6 Czarist Russia Before 1905 Russia had an Absolute Monarchy; Czar Nicholas II Romanov and his wife The Czarina Alexandra

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10 Rasputin Rasputin was a peasant “holy man” that supposedly had magical healing powers. The people of Russia disapproved of Rasputin.

11 Causes of the Revolution Russia was not industrialized Starvation of peasants Military was overcommitted and under prepared in –World War I -(Treaty of Brest-Litovsk) –Russo Japanese War The Monarchy was out of touch with the problems of the people

12 Events of the Revolution Revolution of 1905 The Duma (legislature) was created. Limited Monarchy Bloody Sunday & St Petersburg Riots The peasants were starving and Father Gapon brought demands to the King. Protesters were killed and riots started all over the city March Revolution The Czar abdicated or stepped down. The Romanov family was executed a year later. Kerensky and The Provision Government-1917 The Duma (Russian Legislature) set up a temporary government that was democratic. The head of the government was Kerensky

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14 Lenin Lenin believed in Karl Marx’s communist ideas Bolsheviks- a group of elite revolutionaries Lenin was sent into exile but returned to Russia in 1917 Leon Trotsky was Lenin’s right hand man

15 Events of the Revolution November Revolution Kerensky’s Provisional Government lost power because they kept Russia in WWI Lenin’s Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Gov. and took Russia out of WWI (Treaty of Brest-Litovosk) Slogan – Land, Peace, Bread Russian Civil War Reds (communists) vs. Whites (loyalists) Communists defeated the whites Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic


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