2Lesson 1 - Setting and Mood Setting can serve as a backdropbe symbolicprovide informationabout characterscan help or hinder charactersin achieving their goalscreate physical hardships orchallenges
3Setting and MoodThe setting of a story affects how we and the characters feel about their surroundings.Setting can make things seem pleasant OR create an air of foreboding.THIS IS CALLED MOOD
4Setting and MoodPage #Setting DescriptionFunction(s) in the Storyp. 1Planes are never allowed to fly over the community.Creates an air ofmystery. Also helps to demonstrate the limits within the society.p. 41As notice the setting, try to figure out what the writer is trying to convey.Include at least 5 examples. What’s the overall mood of the story?
5Lesson 2 - Characterization Character: Someone/something whose actions, choices, thoughts, ideas, words, and influence are important in developing the plot.Protagonist: A single character (or small group of characters) whose goal or problem is the core of the plot.*If they’re good, they’re often referred to as the “hero” of the story.Antagonist: Character, group or force that opposes the protagonist.*May be referred to as a villain.
6Characterization – the name for the technique a writer uses to reveal the personality of characters. It is achieved in a number of ways.Words: comments, dialogue, what is said, how it is saidThoughts: what’s going on in the character’s mind; motives & choicesAppearance: physical characteristics and clothingActions: what the character doesInteractions: how the character relates to othersNames: often symbolic of a major character trait or roleChosen Setting: the items, furnishings, etc. that the character chooses to surround himself/herselfChange/Development the occurrence of and direction of change or development that a character undergoes inwardlyWhat techniques does the author rely on for characterization? Any not used? Why?
7Characterization Continuum Self-controlled OverwhelmedWrite paragraph about how The Giver changes over timeGullible InsightfulJonas and the communityHonest DeceptiveJonasFollower/Dependent Leader/IndependentThe Giver, Jonas, FatherWrite a paragraph explaining the character change throughout the story along the continuum.
8Lesson 3 - Conflict Core of the story’s plot Makes us wonder if the protagonist will attain his/her goalAdds suspense and excitementONE OVERARCHING CONFLICT usually takes up most of the book. Each scene/chapter may have its own smaller conflict.
9ConflictInternal: Conflicting desires, value, personality traits or motives. Takes place within the character’s mind and heart.External: May be with another individual, with a task or problem, with society, with nature, with an idea, or with a force such as good or evil.
10Conflict2. Make and fill out a chart showing the conflict for every chapter.1. Explain the type of conflict involved in this story, for example, man vs. man, man vs. self, man vs. nature. Write a 7 – 10 sentence paragraph with one quote explaining the type of conflict involved and the significance to the story.Chapter #ConflictCh. 1Ch. 2Ch. 3Ch. 4Ch. 5Ch. 6Ch. 7
11Lesson 4 – Plot: The Design of the Story Plot: sequence of actionsExposition (introduction of essential background information, as well as characters, situations, and conflicts. May be found throughout the story as well as the beginning.Complication or Rising Action (beginning of the central conflict in the storyCrisis/Turning Point/Climax (main character’s action or choice determines the outcome of the conflict)Falling Action (time when the ending becomes inevitable)Resolution or Denouement (when conflicts are resolved and story is concluded)
12Plot – The Design of the Story PLOT STRUCTUREAs you read The Giver, pause at the end of each chapter, and identify where it fits in the plot structure.MAJOR EVENTSList 7 – 10 important events in chronological order with one sentence explanation for each event describing how it connects to the conflict.
13Lesson 5 - ThemeGeneralization about life or human behavior or values; the author’s insight into the way things are that s/he wants to share with readersShaped by the author’s intention and purposeIn stories with complex issues, while you may find multiple themes, look for a single, over-arching theme.
14ThemeTheme ChartExplain theme from story. Write a 7 – 10 sentence paragraph with one quote explaining the theme of the story
15Lesson 6 - DystopiaUTOPIA: “No place” in Greek. Title of book in 1516 by Sir Thomas Moore showing a perfect society on an imaginary island.DYSTOPIA: “Bad or impaired place” in Greek. Dystopias show dehumanized rather than ideal societies.BOTH: Focus on contemporary problems. Can be a critique of present society by bringing attention to evils or ills of society. May be a call to social action.
16Dystopia1. Explain why this is a dystopian society. Describe the intention of the society and its structure. (7 – 10 sentences with one quote to support)2. Is this story a critique of our society? A call to social action? If so, what evils or ills of contemporary society do you think are being addressed? If not, what is the author’s purpose? (7 – 10 sentences with one quote to support
17Lesson 7: Book Evaluation Identify the work by including title, author, genre.Briefly summarize the plot (include names of main characters, the basic plot conflict, the setting, and the background of the situation).State your assessment of the work
18Book Evaluation Use quotes from text to support your evaluation Responding positively:The plot is suspenseful and interestingThe theme resonates with what you believeYou like or admire one or more of the charactersThe vivid description catches your interestThe book is amusing and enjoyableYou learn something valuableYou are so absorbed that you can’t wait to read moreYou find insights or understandings that enrich your lifeUse quotes from text to support your evaluation
19Book Evaluation Use quotes from text to support your evaluation Responding negatively:Dialogue is unbelievableCharacterization is weakCharacters’ motivations are not believablePlot is convoluted or unbelievableAttitudes expressed seem inappropriate to youGenre doesn’t appeal to youUse quotes from text to support your evaluation