2 Voting Part 1 Who has suffrage in the US? What are the requirements to vote?Who is prohibited from voting?What is voter registration?
3 Suffrage or Franchise =the right to vote By 1810 religious qualifications were eliminated, by 1840s property requirementsth Amendment- raceth Amendment- genderrd Amendment- DC residents1965- Voting Rights Actth Amendment – no poll taxth Amendment – age 18+
4 Universal requirements set by the states Citizenship-(varies by state)Nothing in the Constitution says that an alien should not be able to voteResidency-(varies by state)requirement to live in the state need to be < than 31 days in a Presidential electionAgeLimit cannot be higher than 18
5 Registration- a procedure of voter id to prevent fraudulent voting A Progressive reform – early 1900sAll states except N. Dakota require registrationMost European democracies require public officials to compile a list of eligible voters.“Motor-Voter” Law since 1995
6 Persons denied the vote No state allows anyone living in a mental institution to vote.¼ of the states denies voting to felons.A few states do not allow anyone who is dishonorably discharged from the military to vote.
7 Homework:After assessing your personal political orientation and analyzing the various platforms presented by the existing political parties, you’ve decided to start your OWN 3rd party!Devise a name for your party and a symbol that will attract voters.Create a PLATFORM with at least 5 “planks” from the following topics:Economy, debt, taxation, foreign affairs, Afghanistan, Iran, War on Drugs, War on Terror, immigration, homeland security, health, environment, energy, social issues such as abortion, marriage law, capital punishment.Write out each “plank” in 2-3 complete sentences which describe and explain your position.
8 Part 2Who votes and why?Who doesn’t vote and why?
9 What about everybody else? Why people do not voteClose to 100 million did not vote in 2004% of non-voters is generally increasing56.7% of eligible voters voted for president60.9% in 1968, 49% in 1996Cannot voters – million10 million resident aliens5-6 million ill, disabled500,000 in mental institutions2-3 million traveling unexpectedly2 million in jail100,000 who do not vote based on religious reasonsWhat about everybody else?
10 80,000,000 votes What for? It won’t make any difference Everything’s fine. Why bother?80,000,000votesthe “system”.I refuse to participate!Uggghhh! The line’s too long and it’s raining…I don’t know.I don’t care.
11 idiotfrom the Greek word idiotes: those who did not vote or take part in civic life
12 Sociological factors determining whether or how people vote
13 Sociological factors determining whether or how people vote Income, occupationLower income groups vote DemocratEducationHigher percentages of college graduates vote RepublicanGenderBefore 2004 women more likely to vote Democrat.AgeYounger people tend to vote Democrat
14 Sociological factors of voting 5. Religion-Republican party recent gainsProtestants=RepublicanCatholics & Jews= Democrat6. Ethnic BackgroundAfrican Americans typically vote DemocratMexican Americans & Puerto Ricans usually vote DemocratCubans usually vote Republican7. Family9/10 married couples share partisan leanings2/3 people vote like their parents
15 Voters Straight ticket Split-ticket Independent vote the same party in all racesSplit-ticketsplit presidential and Congressional and/or state and localIndependent
16 Use this website: http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/elections_vr.htm 1. Who is the current California Secretary of State?2. Who is eligible to vote in California?3. If you want to vote in the November election, when is the deadline for registration?4. How do you register to vote?5. When is the California primary?
17 Why don’t more people vote? Talk to your partner; prepare 1-2 reasons why people might choose not to vote.
18 The Economics of Voting Highlight author’s thesis and key points. Margin note your questions, connections and reactions to the author’s words.Prepare to discuss the bulleted questions.
21 Interactive Electoral Map http://www.electoral-vote.com Interactive Electoral MapHistory of electoral votes by state
22 ReferencesMcClenaghan, W. (2006). Magruder’s American Government. Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.Hart, Diane. (2009). Government Alive! Power, Politics and You. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers’ Curriculum Institute.
24 Midterm Reflection Essay In Class: Thurs 11/3 & Fri 11/4 “Based on your viewing of “The Candidate” and excerpts from “Bobby,” along with your own understanding of the role of political parties, write an essay which addresses one component from each of the following options:Option ACompare and contrast the role of political parties in promoting candidates for the presidency from the late 1960s to today.Compare and contrast the campaign issues, party platforms, and personal character of each candidate from “The Candidate” and “Bobby”.ANDOption BAt the end of “The Candidate” the question is posed, “What do we do now?” Predict the influence on government McKay will have after he won the Senate race.Predict the impact on our country had Bobby Kennedy not been shot and won the Presidency.24
25 RAP #20: Compulsory Voting Read the handout “The Economics of Voting.” Take margin notes about your response to the argument being presented by the author.Do you agree or disagree w/ the author’s perspective?Whether or not you agree that low voter turnout is a serious problem, it seems clear that our government would be more representative if more people voted. Furthermore, low turnout is especially common among young voters.Would you be more likely to vote if voting were no longer voluntary? Why/why not?What about if you would be fined or even jailed for not voting? Why/why not?Should all eligible voters vote?