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Normal Emotional Responses Behavior Mental health Mental illness
Historical Overview Possession by evil spirits Shaman or medicine men Greco-Roman era Hippocrates & Humoral Theory
Dark Ages Bedlam century
1773: 1 st psychiatric hospital Linda Richards Committee for Mental Hygiene ECT/Insulin shock Frontal lobotomy
1940’s 1950’s Deinstitutionalization OBRA 21 st Century
Factors Affecting Mental Health Heredity Childhood nurturing Life’s circumstances Positive influences Negative influences
Mental Health Continuum Illness side Midpoint side Wellness side
Personality and Self-concept Personality Erik Erikson Sigmund Freud
Freud’s Structural Theory Of Personality Id - pleasure principle Ego - reality principle Superego - conscience
Self-Concept Personal identity Body image Role Self-esteem
Stress / Stressor Subjective feeling of tension (stress) Environmental events (stressor)
Anxiety What is it?? Levels What influences anxiety? Events that may cause anxiety are?
Coping Way the mind responds to awareness's that are challenging or threatening
Effective vs. Ineffective Coping Ineffective coping mechanisms are major cause of mental disorders
Resources For Effective Coping Good problem solving ability Prior experience Adequate knowledge about cause of stressor
Available support Adequate sleep, nutrition and physical hygiene
Adaptation Process of coping effectively with one’s social environment
Defense Mechanisms Unconscious process Activated when conscious coping mechanisms unable to manage anxiety
Increase sense of security Protect the self esteem Assist in solving emotional dilemmas
Types of Defense Mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms Collaborative Assignment Work in groups and discuss situations where each Defense Mechanism may be used by patients.
Defense Mechanism Class Assignment Provide an example for the Defense Mechanisms assigned to your group. Discuss possible nursing interventions which may be applicable.
ILLNESS What is “illness” ?? How does it affect mental health?? What are common behaviors with illness?
Crisis What is it?? What are “secondary gains” of illness? What is “an identity crisis? How can we help?
PUT YOUR THINKING CAP ON…. What elements would you observe when assessing your patient’s emotional status???
Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 6. Health Goals for Mental and Emotional Health I will develop good character I will interact in ways that help create.
1Elsevier items and derived items © 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. Chapter 54 Psychological Responses to Illness.
PSYCHOLOGY:. What does it mean to have “personality”? Researchers have developed many ways of assessing personality, but even if we do gain an understanding.
Copyright © McGraw-Hill, Inc PsychSmart INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY.
Managing your emotions allows you to express them in healthful ways.
Stress and Health Original Content Copyright by HOLT McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture prepared by Jan Campbell T H E B A S I C S SIXTH EDITION.
What is Psychology?. Outline Why Study Psychology? – Behavior and Mental Processes – The Goals of Psychology – Psychology as a Science The Job of a Psychologist.
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior, mental processes and the factors that influence it. Psychologists use the term behavior very broadly to.
UNIT V-----PERSONALITY Personality refers to your characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Motive---stimulus that moves a person to behave.
Chapter 4: Major Theories for Understanding Human Development.
The Health Triangle Health is the measure of our bodys efficiency and over-all well-being. The health triangle is a measure of the different aspects of.
Stress and Health Chapter 11. Chapter 11 Learning Objective Menu LO 11.1 Stress LO 11.2 Cognitive factors in stress LO 11.3 Kinds of experiences causing.
Nursing Management of Clients with Stressors that Affect Health Promotion NUR101 Fall 2008 Lecture # 25 K. Burger, MSEd, MSN, RN, CNE PPP By: Sharon Niggemeier.
Psychological therapies Dr Chris Williams Todays objectives. You will: Gain an overview of the range of psychological therapies Look at the four main.
Chapter 3 Models of Abnormality Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Seton Hall University.
TREATMENT TOOLS. SESSION 8 C This session will identify various treatment tools and techniques that have been found useful in working with a dual diagnosis.
Developmental Psychology General overview of Theories of Developmental Psychology.
Organizational Behavior By : Anubha. 2-2 INDIVIDUAL PROCESSES – 1: PERSONALITY Meaning; person situation debate; psychological contracts; ability and.
Major Perspectives of Psychology By Mr. C.. Perspectives Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic Behaviorism Behaviorism Humanism Humanism Cognitive Cognitive Evolutionary.
LIST 3 CHARACTERISITICS…. Chapter 1 The Health Continuum A persons health IS always at a constant change Your health is like a point along a continuum.
M 4225 Science of Health Promotion & Disease Prevention Health Promotion Basics.
Psychological changes Prepared by: Dr. Soad Hassan Lecturer of Gerontological Nursing.
Prevention & Treatment Chapter 5 s 1. MYTH FACT If a person feels OK about his or her emotional health, there's nothing s/he needs to do. Learning & practicing.
Major Perspectives of Psychology. Perspectives Psychoanalytic Behaviorism Humanism Cognitive Evolutionary Biological/Biomedical.
Facilitating Change Through Decision Making Chapter 7.
Chapter 4 Your Body and Wellness. WHERE AM I NOW? Page 107.
Lesson 4 Everyone goes through times of stress, disappointments, and difficulty. When hardships and tragedies happen, it can be hard for people to cope.
Mental Health Nursing: Anxiety Disorders Stress Produces Anxiety.
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