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Normal Emotional Responses Behavior Mental health Mental illness
Historical Overview Possession by evil spirits Shaman or medicine men Greco-Roman era Hippocrates & Humoral Theory
Dark Ages Bedlam 17-18 century
1773: 1 st psychiatric hospital Linda Richards Committee for Mental Hygiene ECT/Insulin shock Frontal lobotomy
1940’s 1950’s Deinstitutionalization OBRA 21 st Century
Factors Affecting Mental Health Heredity Childhood nurturing Life’s circumstances Positive influences Negative influences
Mental Health Continuum Illness side Midpoint side Wellness side
Personality and Self-concept Personality Erik Erikson Sigmund Freud
Freud’s Structural Theory Of Personality Id - pleasure principle Ego - reality principle Superego - conscience
Self-Concept Personal identity Body image Role Self-esteem
Stress / Stressor Subjective feeling of tension (stress) Environmental events (stressor)
Anxiety What is it?? Levels What influences anxiety? Events that may cause anxiety are?
Coping Way the mind responds to awareness's that are challenging or threatening
Effective vs. Ineffective Coping Ineffective coping mechanisms are major cause of mental disorders
Resources For Effective Coping Good problem solving ability Prior experience Adequate knowledge about cause of stressor
Available support Adequate sleep, nutrition and physical hygiene
Adaptation Process of coping effectively with one’s social environment
Defense Mechanisms Unconscious process Activated when conscious coping mechanisms unable to manage anxiety
Increase sense of security Protect the self esteem Assist in solving emotional dilemmas
Types of Defense Mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms Collaborative Assignment Work in groups and discuss situations where each Defense Mechanism may be used by patients.
Defense Mechanism Class Assignment Provide an example for the Defense Mechanisms assigned to your group. Discuss possible nursing interventions which may be applicable.
ILLNESS What is “illness” ?? How does it affect mental health?? What are common behaviors with illness?
Crisis What is it?? What are “secondary gains” of illness? What is “an identity crisis? How can we help?
PUT YOUR THINKING CAP ON…. What elements would you observe when assessing your patient’s emotional status???
Basic Concepts of Mental Health Chapter 34 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2006, 2003, 1999, 1995, 1991 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier.
Basic Concepts of Mental Health Chapter 34 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
Slide 1Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2006, 2003, 1999, 1995, 1991 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Basic Concepts of Mental Health.
Slide 1 Copyright © 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 34 Basic Concepts of Mental Health - Personality and.
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Chapter 23 Stress, Anxiety, Adaptation, and Change.
Freud and Jung. Method of mind investigation – especially unconscious “A therapeutic method, originated by Sigmund Freud, for treating mental disorders.
Chapter 43 Self-Concept. Self-concept is an individual’s perception of self and is what helps make each individual unique. Positive and negative self-assessments.
STUDY OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT. Child Development involves changes in physical, social, emotional, and intellectual functioning over time, from conception.
Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. Slide 0.
Abnormal Psychology Lecture 1. Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context Chapter 1.
Chapter 3: Psychosocial Theory. Psychosocial Theory Chapter Objectives –To define the general concept of theory and explain how one makes use of theory.
Chapter 1,7, and 8 Test Review Test Tomorrow BRING COMPLETED REVIEW FOR 100 DAILY GRADE HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS.
Philosophy Theorists Freud, Adler, Maslow, Erikson.
FREUD AND THE MIND. SIGMUND FREUD Early 20 th century psychologist Pioneered the science of psychology with his theories on the mind Theories on.
Theories of Personality...a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives, and emotions that characterizes an individual. Sigmund.
9 th Grade Social Studies Mrs. Anderson. I. Definition of psychology II. Definition of psychologist III. Subfields in psychology IV. Things psychologists.
YOUNG ADULTHOOD By Corey Harris and Rey Soto. INTRODUCTION The stages of Young adulthood occurs from ages 20 to 40. This is the period when people are.
Chapter 2 Relevant Theories and Therapies for Nursing Practice Copyright © 2014, 2010, 2006 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
Focuses on trying to get inside the head of individuals in order to make sense of their relationships, experiences and how they see the world. The major.
Reflection on Sociology Favourite part of/thing we did in sociology Least favourite part/thing we did in sociology What I am looking forward to in psychology.
Sigmund Freud. / Sigmund Freud was a Jewish Austrian neurologist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychiatry. / Freud is best known for his theories.
Chapter 43 Self-Concept Copyright 2004 by Delmar Learning, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. Self-Concept Self-concept is an individual’s perception.
Chapter 19 Self-Concept Fundamentals of Nursing: Standards & Practices, 2E.
Background of Psychology Quick Historical Overview.
$100 Definitions PersonalitySelf EsteemStressEmotion $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500.
STRESS & ADAPTATION Concepts of Nursing NUR 123 Concepts Related to the Care of Individuals.
Richard P. Halgin Susan Krauss Whitbourne University of Massachusetts at Amherst slides by Travis Langley Henderson State University Abnormal Psychology.
Unique and stable ways people think, feel, and behave ersonality.
200 pt 300 pt 400 pt 500 pt 100 pt 200 pt 300 pt 400 pt 500 pt 100 pt 200 pt 300 pt 400 pt 500 pt 100 pt 200 pt 300 pt 400 pt 500 pt 100 pt 200 pt 300.
Courtesy Dr. Julie Gralow. An Introduction to Personality WHAT IS PERSONALITY? Personality Unique, core set of characteristics that influence the way.
Bell Ringer 1. List possible causes of Sybil’s sever multiple personality disorder. 2. Why do you think Sybil was unable to remember the abuse inflicted.
CHAPTER 17—STRESS AND HEALTH. CHAPTER 17 Introduction Finish this statement: “When I am stressed, I…” Give some examples of some of the things you find.
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior, mental processes and the factors that influence it. Psychologists use the term behavior very broadly to.
Introduction to Mental Health Nursing MENTAL HEALTH AND MENTAL ILLNESS Mental health and mental illness are difficult to define precisely. People who can.
Psychoanalytic Theory Basic Freudian Propositions.
© 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved 2 - 2ChapterChapter McGraw-Hill/Irwin Personality, Stress, Learning, and Perception.
AP Psychology Unit #7 Notes – Day #1 Stress & Personality Theories.
Psychosocial Theory. The Rationale for Emphasizing Psychosocial Theory Addresses growth across the life span Assumes that individuals have capacity to.
Chapter 1 Introducing Psychology. Why Study Psychology Physiological (physical) – Having to do with an organism’s physical processes. example – sleep.
Nursing Management of Clients with Stressors that Affect Health Promotion NUR101 Fall 2008 Lecture # 25 K. Burger, MSEd, MSN, RN, CNE PPP By: Sharon Niggemeier.
Review Personality- relatively stable patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting that an individual possesses Major Approaches: Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic.
Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 24Personality Development and Personality Disorders.
M ENTAL H EALTH. “A state of successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people,
Copyright © McGraw-Hill, Inc PsychSmart INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY.
Mental illness is the most stigmatizing & disabling abnormality found in humans.
By Lisa Fiore 1. How does psychoanalytic theory explain development across the lifespan? What is the relationship between psychosocial crises and.
Understanding Stress, Anxiety and Crisis. UNDERSTANDING STRESS, ANXIETY & CRISIS How does stress affect our mental health?
Chapter 2 PERSONALITY OVERVIEW Many different perspectives OR THEORIES Transfer the P.P.’S to the Graphic Organizers Genetics and environment are factors.
Theoretic Basis of Nursing Practice Chapter 7. Biologic Theories General Adaptation Syndrome - Selye Linked stressful events and illness Linked stressful.
Chapter 2 Personality Development. How is Personality Formed? 1. Heredity: Some personality traits seem to be inborn. Passed down from parent to child.
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