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Mental Health. Normal Emotional Responses  Behavior  Mental health  Mental illness.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Health. Normal Emotional Responses  Behavior  Mental health  Mental illness."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental Health

2 Normal Emotional Responses  Behavior  Mental health  Mental illness

3 Historical Overview  Possession by evil spirits  Shaman or medicine men  Greco-Roman era  Hippocrates & Humoral Theory

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5  Dark Ages  Bedlam  century

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7  1731 America

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9  1773: 1 st psychiatric hospital  Linda Richards  Committee for Mental Hygiene  ECT/Insulin shock  Frontal lobotomy

10  1940’s  1950’s  Deinstitutionalization  OBRA  21 st Century

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12 Factors Affecting Mental Health  Heredity  Childhood nurturing  Life’s circumstances  Positive influences  Negative influences

13 Mental Health Continuum  Illness side  Midpoint side  Wellness side

14 Personality and Self-concept  Personality  Erik Erikson  Sigmund Freud

15 Freud’s Structural Theory Of Personality  Id - pleasure principle  Ego - reality principle  Superego - conscience

16 Self-Concept  Personal identity  Body image  Role  Self-esteem

17 Stress / Stressor  Subjective feeling of tension (stress)  Environmental events (stressor)

18 Anxiety  What is it??  Levels  What influences anxiety?  Events that may cause anxiety are?

19 Coping  Way the mind responds to awareness's that are challenging or threatening

20 Effective vs. Ineffective Coping  Ineffective coping mechanisms are major cause of mental disorders

21 Resources For Effective Coping  Good problem solving ability  Prior experience  Adequate knowledge about cause of stressor

22  Available support  Adequate sleep, nutrition and physical hygiene

23 Adaptation  Process of coping effectively with one’s social environment

24 Defense Mechanisms  Unconscious process  Activated when conscious coping mechanisms unable to manage anxiety

25  Increase sense of security  Protect the self esteem  Assist in solving emotional dilemmas

26 Types of Defense Mechanisms

27 Defense Mechanisms Collaborative Assignment  Work in groups and discuss situations where each Defense Mechanism may be used by patients.

28 Defense Mechanism Class Assignment  Provide an example for the Defense Mechanisms assigned to your group.   Discuss possible nursing interventions which may be applicable.

29 ILLNESS  What is “illness” ??  How does it affect mental health??  What are common behaviors with illness?

30 Crisis  What is it??  What are “secondary gains” of illness?  What is “an identity crisis?  How can we help?

31 PUT YOUR THINKING CAP ON….  What elements would you observe when assessing your patient’s emotional status???


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