2 HistoryFirst settled in the north-eastern part of North America around 100 A.D.Homeland: upstate New York between the Adirondack Mountains and Niagara FallsThey then expanded through conquest and migration and gained control of most of the northeastern United States/eastern CanadaDuring the American Revolution they were forced back into their original landThey fought along with the British in the war with France
3 Culture: HousingLived in longhouses: large wood-frame building covered with sheets of elm barkOpen space was left at the top of the house to allow smoke out when they were cookingTheir beds were covered in skins and fursThey had to stay in one place because they relied on agricultureLonghouses were long enough to hold peopleThe women were in charge of raising the children and harvesting the crops
4 Culture: Dress Clothes were made from deerskin The women wore skirts and moccasinsMen wore breechcloths with long leggingsThey wore snowshoes in ritual dancingThey liked jewelry and make upTattoos covered most of their bodies
5 Culture Languages-The languages were named after the individual tribes MohawkSenecaOneidaOnondagaCayugaTuscaroraGames and Activities~ known for maskcarving~Beadwork~LacrosseMusic~played the drumsand flutes~drums were oftenfilled with water
7 Culture: CustomsHeld six big festivals a year that lasted several daysNew Year FestivalMaple FestivalCorn Planting FestivalStrawberry FestivalGreen Corn FestivalHarvest FestivalWater drum and cow horn rattle
8 Food Men hunted deer and other animals First to practice “slash and burn” farmingFavorite food was corn cakes
9 Habitat Lived in Eastern part of the U.S. (now New York State) Land was covered with forestsLand was so thick that the sunlight barley reached itVery diverse land; snow covered mountains in North and hot, swampy land in the South
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