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March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuel Expert meeting on standards and strategies or sustainable cultivation.

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Presentation on theme: "March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuel Expert meeting on standards and strategies or sustainable cultivation."— Presentation transcript:

1 March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuel Expert meeting on standards and strategies or sustainable cultivation of biomass for non-food purposes

2 March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre 7 wedges needed for stabilisation Each wedge avoids 1 billion tonnes of CO2 emission / year by 2054 Pacala & Socolow (2004) Science 305, Stabilising CO 2 emissions involves many sectors

3 Pacala & Socolow wedges  Wedge = 1 billion tonnes of CO 2 / year by 2054  Biofuel wedge requires 250 million ha of new high production plantations - with no emissions from inputs or conversion Now: 1.5 billion ha cropland + 35 m ha abandoned. 237 m ha forest very suitable or suitable for crop cultivation. But carbon losses outweigh gains. Sources: Pacala & Socolow (2004); FAO GAEZ; MNP 2008 Large land requirements

4 Biodiversity loss from land use change usually outweighs gain from climate mitigation

5 March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Food & feed crop demand doubles in next 50 years

6 UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels  Coordinator: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland  Working groups: GHG – greenhouse gas lifecycle analysis ENV - environment SOC - social IMP - implementation  Aim for draft standards by mid 2008  Likely to be meta-standards

7 March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Working Group on Environment (Conservation; Soil; Water; Air; Biotech) Biodiversity draft principle: Biofuel production should avoid negative impacts on biodiversity and areas of High Conservation Value Criteria, requirements, responsibilities, guidance are in development.

8 March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre High Conservation Values ONE OR MORE OF: 1.High biodiversity (e.g. endemism) 2.Landscape level pristine forest 3.Rare / endangered ecosystems 4.Critical ecosystem services (e.g. watersheds) 5.Meeting basic community needs (e.g. hunting) 6.Critical to local cultural identity

9 Criteria table

10 March 2008UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Major discussion areas  Indirect effects on land use – unresolved  Cut-off dates for land use change  Offsets – significant disagreement  Definitions for buffer zones, corridors  Encouraging good practices beyond the minimum standard Use of degraded / idle land Use of native species Regional landscape management Avoiding monoculture

11 WCMC /climate /climate © C Smith, USFWS net open to all for comment net


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