Presentation on theme: " Read page 340-341 Matthew 3:1-12 - He was a Levite (Exodus 32-priestly tribe) - hundreds came to John to confess their sins - his ministry fulfilled."— Presentation transcript:
Read page 340-341 Matthew 3:1-12 - He was a Levite (Exodus 32-priestly tribe) - hundreds came to John to confess their sins - his ministry fulfilled the prophecy that Elijah would return and “turn the hearts” of the people
His Mission: 1. reform moral lives of Jewish people; get them spiritually ready to accept Messiah 2. point out Christ to Jews “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Matt 3:2) Read 342 – similar to Elijah Clothed with camel hair, leather belt around waist, ate locusts and wild honey
Matt 3:11 – “I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I…He will baptize with the Holy Spirit” Even pagan cultures practiced a type of baptism before Christianity
Spiritual cleansing = baptisms took care of ritual repentance, not moral cleansing, it was symbolic but didn’t actually take away sins Sacramental baptism = our sins are actually forgiven and receive God’s grace *Immersion symbolizes death of old person and come up as resurrection
JC baptism by John identifies us as sinners John anointed Jesus for his ministry The Spirit came to Jesus as it had to the kings of Israel when they were anointed New Creation Start of public ministry Baptism is like the great flood…why?
Matthew 4:1-11 Mark 1:12-13 Luke 4:1-13 1. Jesus prepares for his ministry by fasting in the wilderness 2. Symbolic # 40 recalls what? 3. Jesus overcomes the temptations that Adam and Israel could not resist
1. command stones to become loaves of bread 2. throw self down from pentacle and angels will save you 3. bow down and worship the devil, then receive all kingdoms of the worlds
Economic/Material Power Temptation of gluttony or anything we crave Focus on body and sacrifice the soul Adam tempted through belly and failed Christ won over Satan by self control Deuteronomy 8:3 (Matt. 4:4) “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone; but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God’.”
Magical Power Temptation of vain/glory use God’s power for self glory Satan can’t push Jesus off temple devil can persuade but can’t make us sin Leaves out Psalm 91 (Matt.4:6) “For he will give his angels charge of you to guard you in all your ways. On their hands they will bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone.” “You will tread on the lion and the adder, the young lion and the serpent you will trample under foot.”
Political Power Temptation of ambition Satan is liar promising kingdoms that only God can give Psalm 91 is fulfilled Deut. 6-8 is only other place in Scripture that God is tested
Shema: Greatest commandment in Judaism “Love God with all your heart, soul, and strength.” Heart: basic impulse to do good and avoid evil (#1) Soul: soul is the source of life; risk life; test true meaning of human life; martyrdom (#2) Strength: authentic power, ability to resists desires (#3) *So does Satan believe this is Messiah and/or God?
“Repent for the Kingdom of God is at hand” (Matthew 4:17) First words of Christ’s public ministry Effects: Points to a need for conversion Conversion is a result of love of God Life of holiness
Healing: Jesus cured people of various illnesses including leprosy, paralysis, blindness, fever, deafness, and dropsy. Exorcism: Jesus has power over demons and evil spirits Nature: Jesus controls the forces of nature by stilling a storm, feeding multitudes, turning water into wine Death: Jesus restores the life of a person
John 2:1-12 Christ’s first miracle Theme of marriage/wedding “wine ran short” – deep embarrassment on family’s financial situation Mary was first to notice issue; brought needs to Jesus (just like in prayer) “O woman…” – use term woman like in Genesis with Eve – Mary is new eve
“My hour has not yet come…” – will be beginning of ministry and Mary’s suffering “Do whatever he tells you…” - last written words of Mary trust God without hesitation Reflection of marriage – bride/bridegroom - God vs. Israel – bride/husband - Christ in Eucharist/Laid down life for YOU!
Cleansed temple Casted out demons Taught parables Ate with sinners Healed sick Talked to women and Samaritans
Jesus cured a leper but asked him to not share it with anyone Why would Christ ask that of the man? Mk 2:1-12 – healing of the paralytic What did JC heal man of?
Matthew 8 FAITH- gentile believed Savior could heal HUMILITY- centurion felt unworthy to have Lord under his roof/in his home WISDOM- saw past Christ's humanity, instead his divinity!
“Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof, but only the words that my soul shall be healed” we recognize our unworthiness to have Jesus come under the "roof" of our soul in holy communion
Matthew 14 Miracle of Nature Looks at miraculous feedings of both OT and NT manna and the Eucharist Jesus blesses and multiples bread, then the Apostle distribute the food Apostles intermediary role points to their priesthood In persona Christi – Christ acts through the priest, the priest distributes communion
Mt 9:27-30 – how did men know this was Christ if they were blind? Jews believed if you were cursed with a disability or disease that you were very sinful person
John 2:13-36 “My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations. But you have made it a den of robbers.” (Mt 11:15-17) Temple worship became a big business Currency change from Roman to Temple tax Could buy animals for sacrificing if coming from long distances “house of prayer for all nations” Isaiah 56:7 - where Gentiles could pay respect to God
Read Mt 9:10-13 Christ ate with Matthew the tax collector Tax collectors were among the most sinful because of job Most hated among Jews Luke 19: 1-10 – Jesus and Zacchaeus
Will look at parable of the Good Samaritan in later chapter Jesus’ ministry is extended beyond the Jews
Lk 10:38-42 Sisters Sacrificial to offer home (all apostles too!) Martha – too busy being hostess to enjoy Lord’s company Mary – sat at feet of Jesus; position of disciple Women didn’t get formal teaching by rabbi Luke’s audience was gentiles, women, and children Luke elevated women’s position as active followers of Jesus’ teaching.
Mary’s heart was captured by words of JC Martha- did what was good by preparing meal Mary did what was better to listen to words of Christ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwFXM6- UGP4&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwFXM6- UGP4&feature=related
John 4:4-42 Draws at noon - avoid contact; bad reputation Living water taken literally Christ gives her living water, when she didn’t even ask for it...but he knew the desires of her heart He speaks to her symbolizing the universality of his new covenant
2 Kings 17:24 – five nations came and lived among the Samaritans in which they became corrupt and were no longer faithful to God Then converted and preached that Jesus was the Messiah
Rediscovering God Bible Cartoon - Week 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfx_2AwzH5A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfx_2AwzH5A Mt 17:1-8 Peter, James, John see glimpse in Jesus’ divinity Present so they remember during crucifixion end is not death strengthens their faith Moses – represents the law Elijah – represents the prophets Whole law and all prophets are fulfilled in Christ
After 6 days on 7 th day Moses and cloud (Ex 24:15) Occurs on Mt. Sinai God speaks when given 10 commandments Ex 34:29 – shining face shown Face shown in glory After 6 days on 7 th day Cloud overshadowed- God speaks through image of cloud Occurs on Mt. Tabor God speaks through the heavenly voice Jesus was brilliantly transfigured- face shown in glory
Walking on Water - Mt 14:22-33; Mk 6:45-52 Apostles thought He was ghost; JC responds, “Take heart, it is I; have no fear.” Peter walks on water [George Weigel excerpt; page 29-30]
Why did Jesus call the 12 apostles? Symbolic number- 12 tribes of Israel, 12 apostles, Messiah will restore kingdom of Israel 1. Simon Peter7. Thomas 2. Andrew8. Matthew 3. John9. James 4. James10. Judas (Thaddaeus) 5. Philip11. Simon “the Zealot” 6. Bartholomew12. Judas Iscariot