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2000-1000 BC. Annotolian Plateau Seasonal extremes Desert patches between cultivated patches Rise of the Hittites 1800-1500 BC Dominated trade Controlled.

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Presentation on theme: "2000-1000 BC. Annotolian Plateau Seasonal extremes Desert patches between cultivated patches Rise of the Hittites 1800-1500 BC Dominated trade Controlled."— Presentation transcript:

1 BC

2 Annotolian Plateau Seasonal extremes Desert patches between cultivated patches Rise of the Hittites BC Dominated trade Controlled iron mines

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4 Combined farming and herding Benefits: fertilizing, milk increase human productivity Efficiency= pop boom, man power, urbanization Roles of women limited Sex seen as sinful Women as diviners and healers

5 Can’t expand into more fertile regions Egypt Mesopotamia Disappears 1210 BC

6 The Aegean World Small Islands Mountains Peninsula Peloponnese Crete 2/3 mountains Little arable land Earthquakes

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8 Centered at Knossos Huge food storage center Origin of Minotaur/Labyrinth legends Internal warfare Often destroyed by earthquakes Little known Linear A unreadable

9 Mainland Greece Trading power Baltic states (amber) Scandinavia (tin to make bronze) Both civilizations abandoned by 1100 BC Earthquakes invasions

10 1500 BC Hyksos invade from Libya Become absorbed into Egyptian culture Finally expelled Usual fate of nomads conquering sedentary culture Egypt protected by desert and sea Difficult to invade Makes less vigilant

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12 Sea peoples invade 1190 BC Defeated by Ramses III “The Great” Had conquered lands in Syria and Mesopotamia Driven by famine During same time period Harappa finally disappears Basic dilemma Population exceeds food distribution As society crumbles, invaders take advantage

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14 Shang culture expanded beyond borders Technology Trade Zhou further north expand Conquer Shang in 1045 BC Many smaller states around Zhou Zhou invent “mandate of heaven” Transferable divine right Dynastic virture

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16 Many small settlements fail to unite El Nino (1 or 2 per decade) (reversal of current) Drown crops Divert fish Chavin emerges in mid elevation Trade power Animistic religion

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18 Olmecs c BC Southern Mexico Farming not trade Beans, maize, squash Tiered cultivation mounds Precursors to step pyramids

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20 Nearly all civilizations disappear by 1000 BC Egypt survives but must abandon Nubian outposts Old Kingdom Egypt ends c BC Middle Kingdom Egypt ends with overthrow of Hyksos


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