Presentation on theme: "Forensic Anthropology Southern Boone County HS Forensics Bill Palmer"— Presentation transcript:
1Forensic Anthropology Southern Boone County HS Forensics Bill Palmer Bones are our last and best witness; they never lie and they never forget.
2DefinitionForensic anthropology is the application of the science of physical anthropology to the legal process.Forensic anthropologists apply standard scientific techniques developed in physical anthropology to identify human remains, and to assist in the detection of crime.
3What can bones tell us? Human or nonhuman Age Gender Stature History of trauma or diseaseEvidence for cause and manner of deathHandedness & type of occupationRacial determination not reliable
4Intact vs. disarticulated (In which case is identification easier?)
5Intact vs. disarticulated (In which case is identification easier?) Intact is easier but not likely to be found by a forensic anthropologist.
6Excavated remainsTypical skeleton found at a crime scene.
7Posterior view Scapulae not always noticed in front view
16Traditional facial reconstruction Forensic Anthropologist can reconstruct a face from skeletal remains.
17Computer-aided facial reconstruction Computer programs can also reconstruct facial features from a skull.
18Bones of the skull1. Parietal Bone 2. Coronal Suture 3. Frontal Bone 4. Nasal Bone 5. Vomer 6. Lacrimal Bone 7. Orbital Part of Ethmoid 8. Zygomatic Bone 9. Maxilla 10. Body of Mandible 11. Ramus of Mandible 12. Coronoid Process 13. Mandibular Condyle 14. Mental Foramen 15. Styloid Process 16. External Acoustic Meatus 17. Mastoid Process 18. Zygomatic Process 19. Temporal Bone 20. Greater Wing of Sphenoid 21. Inferior Temporal Line 22. Superior Temporal Line 23. Squamosal Suture 24. Lambdoidal Suture 25. Occipital Bone
19Bones of the Human You should know the names of the bones of the human skeleton.
20Bones of the Human male vs. female The female pelvis has a larger opening than the male-for child bearing.
21Bones of the Human male vs. female The male pelvis is “cup-like and the female pelvis is like a “dishpan.”Also, the male pubic arch is like a “V” and the female is like a “U.”
22Bones of the Human male vs. female The slope of the forehead of the female is different than the male. The female has a “rounded” shape and the male is more of a slope.