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Body Organization. Anatomy vs. Physiology LT#1 Anatomy is the study of structure of body parts & their relation to one another Physiology is the study.

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Presentation on theme: "Body Organization. Anatomy vs. Physiology LT#1 Anatomy is the study of structure of body parts & their relation to one another Physiology is the study."— Presentation transcript:

1 Body Organization

2 Anatomy vs. Physiology LT#1 Anatomy is the study of structure of body parts & their relation to one another Physiology is the study of the function of the body’s structural machinery Structure of an organ suits its function

3 AtomsMoleculesMacromolecules Cells w/organelles TissuesOrgans Organ Systems Organism LT#2

4 Levels of Organization – pg 2 LT#2 Chemical – atoms combined to form molecules Cellular – cells are made of molecules Tissue – consists of similar types of cells Organ – made up of different types of tissues Organ system – consists of different organs that work closely together Organism – made up of the organ systems

5 Anatomical Position LT#3 Standing erect Face forward Arms at the sides Palms and toes forward

6 Planes of the body LT#3

7 Relative positions of the body LT#3 Superior / inferior –which plane? Anterior / posterior –which plane? Medial / lateral –which plane? Proximal / distal –which plane? Superficial / deep –which plane? Central / peripheral –which plane?

8 Regions of the body SQ5 Gross Anatomy = macroscopic Axial – head, neck, trunk Appendicular – limbs (arms & legs)

9 Body cavities LT#4 Dorsal = 1 –Cranial cavity –Spinal cavity Ventral = 2 –Thoracic Pleural cavity Pericardial cavity –Abdominopelvic AbdominalPelvic

10 Organs within body cavities LT#5 Dorsal / posterior – brain & spinal cord Ventral / anterior – chest & abdomen Chest – thoracic cavity: heart & lungs Diaphram divides thorax / abdomen Abdominopelvic cavity – digestive organs, kidneys, bladder, gonads

11 Organ systems & associated organs LT#6 1)Integumentary sys – skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands 2)Skeletal sys – bones, cartilage, ligaments, red & yellow marrow 3)Muscular sys – skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle 4)Nervous sys – brain, spinal cord, sense organs 5)Endocrine sys – hormone secreting glands, like gonads

12 Organ systems & associated organs LT#6 (continued) 6)Circulatory sys – heart, blood vessels, lymph 7)Lymphatic sys – disease fighting = immune system 8)Respiratory sys – lungs, bronchial tubes 9)Digestive sys – mouth (teeth, tongue, salivary glands), esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gall bladder, pancreas 10)Reproductive sys – gonads, external sex organs

13 Functions of the organ systems LT#7 1.Integumentary – protection, temperature control, senses 2.Skeletal – support, protection, blood production, mineral storage 3.Muscular – movement, fight/flight response 4.Nervous – perception, information processing, responses 5.Endocrine – produces hormones to regulate all functions

14 Functions of the organ systems LT#7 (continued) 6.Circulatory – transport nutrients, eliminate waste 7.Lymphatic – disease fighting 8.Respiratory – oxygen in, carbon dioxide out 9.Digestive – receives & processes nutrients 10.Reproductive – perpetuation of the species

15 Homeostasis & how to maintain it LT#8 Keeping the body’s internal environment fairly constant: [glucose 0.1%], pH 7.4, BP 120/80, temperature ~37 C (98.6 F) Negative feedback (fig 1.9 p 13) Positive feedback

16 Negative feedback – the output shuts off the original stimulus

17 e.g. regulation of blood glucose

18 Positive feedback – output exaggerates the original stimulus – e.g. regulation of blood clotting

19 Disease: Local vs. Systemic LT#9 A breakdown in normal self- regulation – homeostasis fails! Local – restricted to a certain body part (e.g. UTI – urinary tract infection) Systemic – entire body affected or at least several organ systems Acute vs. chronic / sudden, short vs. less severe & longer duration

20 Name the 4 quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity. Divide it into the 9 regions. SQ#7

21

22 9 abdomminopelvic regions SQ#7

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24 Organ donation – the application piece. Please read the Medical Focus on p. 10. Answer the following questions –Why is organ donation fairly successful? (2 reasons) –How many organs can be given from 1 person? –What is problematic about organ donation? –What are the requirements for donation? –How are organs distributed?

25 Organ donation reflection (10pts) Write a brief reflection about how you feel about organ donation. Would you do it? Have you done it already? What about the film 7 Pounds? What about the film 7 Pounds? Would you want to prescreen your donations?


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