Presentation on theme: "Federalist vs. Anti- Federalist The Never Ending Debate."— Presentation transcript:
Federalist vs. Anti- Federalist The Never Ending Debate
The Ratification Process The drafting of the new United States Constitution was only the beginning of the process to make it the law of the land. In order for this to happen, at least nine of the thirteen states would have to ratify the Constitution. The debate over ratification would split the political leaders of the time. People who supported ratification of the Constitution were Federalists, and those who opposed the new Constitution were Anti-Federalists. The debate over ratification of the Constitution would take place on the pages of the many newspapers and pamphlets that circulated in the country.
DIFFERENT POINTS OF VIEW Federalists argued for – Wanted a strong national government – Three branches of government filled with men of “reputation” – Wanted a president to lead executive branch – No Bill of Rights Antifederalists argued – States should have power – Wanted legislative branch to be strongest branch of government – Feared a strong president in office – A Bill of Rights would protect the rights of Americans
An Unfair Advantage? The Federalists publish their essays in New York newspapers and pamphlets in 1787-1789 Newspapers support the Federalist side and publish more Federalist writings than Anti-Federalist writings!
Compromise: Ratification and a Bill of Rights Overall, the Federalists were more organized in their efforts and ultimately succeeded – but not before compromising with the Anti-Federalists on the issue of a Bill of Rights. Five states ratified the Constitution quickly and relatively easily: Delaware (30-0), Pennsylvania (46-23), New Jersey (38-0), Georgia (26-0), and Connecticut (128-40). Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia remained and would be crucial in terms of population stature for the new government to succeed. Debates in Massachusetts were very heated, with impassioned speeches from those on both sides of the issue. Massachusetts was finally won, 187-168, but only after assurances to opponents that the Constitution could have a bill of rights added to it. Subsequently, Maryland (63-11) and South Carolina (149-73) agreed and New Hampshire (57-47) cast the deciding vote to reach the required nine states. The votes in Virginia (89-79) and New York (30-27) were hard-won, and close. Confidence was now high that the new government would succeed. Making good on their promise, a number of amendments were passed by Congress, allying the fears of the holdout states. North Carolina (194-77) and finally Rhode Island (34-32) relented and ratified well over a year after the Constitution took effect.