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Civil War Notes Part VI. Grant versus Lee   General Grant started a campaign against General Robert E. Lee’s forces in which warfare would continue.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil War Notes Part VI. Grant versus Lee   General Grant started a campaign against General Robert E. Lee’s forces in which warfare would continue."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil War Notes Part VI

2 Grant versus Lee   General Grant started a campaign against General Robert E. Lee’s forces in which warfare would continue without pause.   He believed he had to attack Richmond no matter what the cost   Grant continually attacked Lee in VA through the Spring of 1864   After seven weeks of fighting had lost 55,000 men; Lee lost 35,000   Grant could count on more supplies and men, but Lee could not

3 Union Victories in the South   On August 5, 1864, the Union navy led by David Farragut closed the port of Mobile, Alabama.   It was the last major Confederate port on the Gulf of Mexico east of the Mississippi River.

4 Union Victories in the South   Union General Sherman, who had helped Grant win in Chattanooga, TN, marched his troops from there toward Atlanta.   In late August 1864, Sherman’s troops cut the roads and railroads leading to Atlanta.   His troops heated the rails and twisted them into snarls of steel nicknamed “Sherman neckties.”

5 Union Victories in the South   Confederate General John B. Hood evacuated Atlanta on September 1.   Sherman’s troops arrived and ordered all civilians to leave Atlanta.   His troops burned everything in the city of military value.   The fires quickly spread and burned down more than a third of Atlanta.

6 Union Victories in the South   On November 15, 1864, Sherman began his March to the Sea from Atlanta   His troops cut a path of destruction 60 miles wide through Georgia in which they ransacked homes, burned crops, and killed cattle.   They reached the coast and seized Savannah on December 21, 1864.

7 Union Victories in the South   After reaching the sea, Sherman and his troops turned north toward South Carolina.   The Union troops pillaged, or looted, almost everything in their path.   They burned at least 12 cities, including South Carolina’s capital– Columbia.

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9 The South Surrenders   The Democrats nominated General George McClellan as their presidential candidate in the 1864 election.   He promised to stop the war and negotiate with the South to restore the Union peacefully.   The capture of Atlanta came in time for Lincoln’s re-election.   Lincoln considered his re-election a mandate, or a clear sign from the voters, to end slavery by amending the Constitution.

10 The South Surrenders   The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, banning slavery in the United States, passed the House of Representatives on January 31, 1865.

11 Election of 1864: It was said that McClellan did more digging than fighting during the war.

12 The South Surrenders   General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9,   The terms of surrender guaranteed that the United States would not prosecute Confederate soldiers for treason.

13 The South Surrenders   Lincoln gave a speech in which he explained his plan for restoring the Southern states in the Union.   On April 14, 1865, John Wilkes Booth shot and killed Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theater.   Lincoln’s death shocked the nation.

14 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.

15 The South Surrenders   The Civil War saved the Union and strengthened the power of the federal government over the states.   It changed American society by ending the enslavement of African Americans.   The South’s society and economy were devastated.

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20 Sources  The American Vision, McGraw Hill/Glencoe


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