Presentation on theme: "Interacting with People with an Intellectual and Developmental Disability (ID/DD) Presented by: APS Healthcare Southwestern PA Health Care Quality Unit."— Presentation transcript:
1Interacting with People with an Intellectual and Developmental Disability (ID/DD) Presented by: APS Healthcare Southwestern PA Health Care Quality Unit (APS HCQU)April cjp
2DisclaimerInformation or education provided by the HCQU is not intended to replace medical advice from the consumer’s personal care physician, existing facility policy or federal, state and local regulations/codes within the agency jurisdiction. The information provided is not all inclusive of the topic presented.Certificates for training hours will only be awarded to those who attend a training in its entirety. Attendees are responsible for submitting paperwork to their respective agencies.Standard APS disclaimers2
3Note of ClarificationWhile mental retardation (MR) is still recognized as a clinical diagnosis, in an effort to support the work of self-advocates, the APS SW PA HCQU will be using the terms intellectual and/or developmental disability (ID/DD) to replace mental retardation (MR) when feasible.
4ObjectivesLearn tips for communicating with individuals with an Intellectual and Developmental Disability (ID/DD).Connect with personal feelings regarding people with ID/DD and learn how these feelings may influence interactions with this population.4
5Definition of Intellectual Disability Disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior as expressed in adaptive skills in these areas:ConceptualSocialPracticalOriginates before age 18.American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
6Diagnostic Criteria Sub-average intellectual functioning (IQ <70) Impairment in at least two areas of adaptive functioningSkills that people possess so they can function in their everyday livesOnset before age 18, and before 22nd birthday in the state of PA
7Historical Treatment of People with ID/DD Separated from the rest of societyInstitutionalizationSocial reform issueProvided the opportunity to live in the community
8ID/DD: Terminology “Words Do Matter” Intellectual and Developmental Disability (ID/DD)versusMental Retardation (MR)“Words Do Matter”
9Myths About People with Intellectual Disability… The eternal childCannot learnNeed to be protectedWant to be fixedDo not require relationshipsAre not capable of living meaningful lives
10Challenging Behaviors Form of communicationResearch has shown that 75% of the time, when a challenging behavior is present in a person with ID/DD, there is an untreated medical problem.
11Systems of Support: Living Arrangements At home with familyLifesharing with someone not related to themIndependently with supportsCommunity homesIntermediate Care Facilities (ICFs)
12People First LanguageRecognize the person first - before his or her disabilityRealize that words have the power to inspire or hurt people
14Examples of People First Language SAYDO NOT SAYPerson with a disabilityDisabled, handicappedHe has Down SyndromeHe’s a Down’s boy,or the Down’s boyHe uses a wheelchairConfined to a wheelchairPerson with a physical disabilityCrippled person,quadriplegic
15Positive ApproachesPositive Approaches is a worldview, a movement, in which all individuals are treated with dignity and respect.Positive Approaches invites us to work in collaboration and in a spirit of openness, honesty and equality.
16Communication Considerations Speak directly to the personExplain in simple termsAvoid complex and abstract terms or concepts18 second ruleListenGive 18 seconds for person to answerRepetition / ConsistencyCommunication partnersAdaptive communicationSign Language / Communication TechnologyAlways use People First Language
17Interactions With People Who Use Wheelchairs Speak to person directlyTalk normallyLook beyond the chair
19What A Person With ID/DD Wants You To Know They are people like everyone else.They deserve respect.They have feelings, hopes, and dreams.They feel pain.They can learn new things.They enjoy meeting others.
20ReferencesCaring for People with I-DD: An Introduction, (January, 2010), APS Healthcare SWPA HCQU Power Point.. Retrieved, May 2011.Communication at the Bedside, (August 2010), APS Healthcare SWPA HCQU Power Point. Retrieved April, 2011.Emergency Department: Caring for Patients with ID/DD (Clinical), (April, 2011), SWPA HCQU Power Point. Retrieved April, 2011.ID/DD Overview. (March 2010), APS Healthcare SWPA HCQU Power Point. Retrieved May, 2011.Understanding the Needs of People with ID/DD in Your Workplace, (October 2010), APS Healthcare SWPA HCQU Power Point. Retrieved May, 2011.
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