4Turks move into Byzantium From first semester, what does Byzantium sound like?Ghazis – warriors for IslamFormed military societies under an emirEmir – chiefLived on the frontiers of the Byzantine Empire
15Review What did Tamerlane do? Why was Constantinople an important location?
16Ottomans conquer more!Mecca and MedinaEgyptSyria and Persia
17Suleyman the Lawgiver The Ottoman Empire peaked under Suleyman Started to infringe upon Central EuropeCreated a law code to handle both Civil and Criminal mattersWhat is the difference between Civil and Criminal law?
19Ottoman Slave System Devshirme Janissaries Under this system the Ottoman Turks captured young boys from conquered territories, converted them to Islam, trained them, then made them soldiersJanissariesTrained them to be loyal to the Sultan; heart of the Ottoman war machine
20Decline Slowly declined due to dynastic violence Each new Sultan would have his brother strangled and kept his sons in prisonProduced a long line of weak sultans
21Ticket Out!!! What leader were the Ottoman Turks named for? What was the greatest accomplishment of the Ottoman Turks? How did they do it?Why was Suleyman important?
23Essential Questions Who were the Safavids? What were the patterns of cultural blending and why were they important?
24The Safavid EmpireShi’ite Muslim dynasty that ruled in Persia between the 16th and 18th CenturiesDo you remember the difference between Shi’ite and Sunni Muslims?What the name of Persia now?Culturally diverse empire
25Cultural Blending Prompted by one or more of the following: Migration Pursuit of religious freedomTradeConquest
26Results of Cultural Blending LanguageReligion/ethicsGovernmentRacial/Ethnic blendingArts/architecture
27Review What branch of Islam were the Safavids? What events/actions contribute to cultural blending?What are the outcomes of cultural blending?
28Back to the Safavids Isma’il conquers what is most of Iran/Persia 12 years oldTo celebrate, he made himself the Shah = KingBrutal ruler – destroyed the Sunni population
30Safavid Golden Age Shah Abbas – Abbas the Great Created a culture that blended Ottoman, Persian, and Arab worldsReformed governmentReligious toleranceBuilt new capital at EsfahanPersian rugs became in high demand
31Review Who started the Safavids? What was the name of the territory? What country is it today?Name one contribution of Shah Abba?
32Sum it up! Write down: 3 things you learned 2 things you want to learn more about1 question you have
3318.3 The Mughals Essential Questions Who were the Mughals? What is their cultural legacy in India and the World?
42Taj Mahal Facts Built by Shah Jahan to honor his wife The construction of this monument took a time period of 22 years. A workforce of 20,000 laborers was brought from here and there for building the Taj Mahal.People say that Shah Jahan ordered that the hands of the craftsmen and architect be chopped off after building Taj Mahal, as he did not want them to build another grand monument as this one.
43More Taj Mahal FactsIt is said that Shah Jahan had planned to build another Taj Mahal in black marble as his own tomb.The Taj Mahal is considered to be the seventh wonder of the world.The walls and dome of Taj Mahal were covered with semi precious stones and gems that were later plundered in successive wars.
44Decline of Empire Rulers drained Empire of resources Central power weakened opening the door for European control
45Review What were some of the characteristics of Akbar? Who built the Taj Mahal?Why?