Presentation on theme: "2012 GMU Patriot Debate Institute. What is states cp? Fiats the 50 states governments/Washington D.C./relevant territories to do plan action. Variations."— Presentation transcript:
2012 GMU Patriot Debate Institute
What is states cp? Fiats the 50 states governments/Washington D.C./relevant territories to do plan action. Variations Do every parts of the aff. Do something similar to the aff (advantage cp?) Lopez CP/Devolution CP Federal action that induces state action (Normal means for the Trust Funds/Tiger Program) States Courts CP vs Courts affirmatives.
States/Local Gov’t and Transportation Policy Expanded Federal roles--$52 millions annually for highway/mass transit—represents 45% of total investments Constitutional Limits Article 1, Section8—”To establish Post Offices and post- Roads” Lobby groups/Representatives from Western region=>greater financial assistance. (Failed because of debts/federalism issues) 1800’s=many states =>land grants 1900’s=surface transportation funding increased, “Good Roads” movements (automobile ownerships) Federal-Aid Road Act of 1916—carefully designed to avoid constitutional issues.
States/Local Gov’t and Transportation Policy The Federal Highway Act of 1921—created a state-centered approach grant programs— avoid constitutional issues. (Voluntary) Increased federal funding, but limited to some primary highways. Interstate commerce/promotion of general welfare=eligibility issues.
States/Local Gov’t and Transportation Policy Subsequent reauthorization-increased demand for federal investment (if one part falls, then the rest falls) 1944—abandonment of constitutional constraints on program eligibility—expansion of federal power.
States/Local Gov’t and Transportation Policy Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956—authorized the construction of National Interstate Highways. Funding Mechanism—the Highway Trust Fund/Gasoline Tax Expanded and solidified the federal government’s role
Devolution CP Fiats elimination of all federal transportation responsibilities—shift it to the state. (Lopez?) Local governments implements the plan. Terms: Devolution: Shifting responsibilities to lower level of governments; decentralization PPP: Public-Private Partnerships—a project that is funded through partnership between a government and a private company.
Negative Strategy CP Solvency—Diverse solvency/tricks—many aff will rely on funding/networking arguments. Net-benefits Politics DA/Elections DA Spending DA Privatization DA Federalism DA Solvency Turns Earmarks/Federal Investment Fails (Solvency Take- out)
Federalism DA Balance between the states and federal power—the 10 th amendment of the constitution Transportation decentralization strategy key to overall spillover CP generates uniqueness—injects federalism into the transportation/fiscal duties. Impacts: FREEDOM!!!!!
A2:Permutation Net-benefits—1% risk calculus Crowd-out private investments Takes out solvency Mutually exclusive CP alone solves better “laboratory of democracy”=innovation/experimentation Less magnification of solvency deficit
2AC: Answering States CP Solvency take-out=federal government’s traditional role—neg evidence is THEORETICAL! Permutation Reduce the risk of the net-benefit/Impact turn or internal link turn net benefits Theory Framing: solvency deficit outweighs net- benefit.
THEORY Utopian fiat: 50 States never do stuff in uniform/Object fiat Multi-actor fiat: More agents/unfair burden No solvency advocate: not 50 states should do the same thing Topic education: Hurts—federal government vs state, not the core of the topic.