Presentation on theme: "Ch.11 The Solar System Section 2 The Inner Planets"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch.11 The Solar System Section 2 The Inner Planets By: Jon’Carlos DufordAndDr. Daniel R. Carmona
2 Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. The first American space mission to mercury was in 1974 – 1975 by Mariner 10. The Mariner photographed only 45 percent of the planet so the scientist don’t know what the other 55 percent looks like.Mercury has a low gravitational pull and a high daytime temperatures most of the gases that could have formed there escapes into space and it can’t form a atmosphere
3 Venus Venus is the second planet from the sun. In the year 1962 Mariner 2 flew past Venus and had sent back some info about the planets atmosphere .Clouds on Venus are so dense that only a small percentage of sunlight can get throughDue to a greenhouse effect the temperature on the surface is between 450c and 475c
4 Earth Earth is the third planet from the sun. Unlike other planets, Earth has abundant liquid water and supports a complex ecosystem.Earth is also the only planet that has the ability to sustain life on it.Plus Earth’s atmosphere causes most meteors to burn up before it hits the surface, and its ozone layer protects life from the Sun’s radiation.
5 MarsMars is often called the red planet due to the rust on its surfaceMars has two moons called Phobos and DeimosIn 2002 Mars Odyssey began orbiting Mars. It was searching for any sings of water. It had found ice in the polar regionsMars atmosphere is mostly made of Carbon dioxide and some nitrogen.
6 Test Questions 1. Why can’t Mercury have an atmosphere? 2. How is Earth able to sustain life?3. How many moons does Mars have and what are there names?4. What is the temperature on Venus get to?
7 Test Question Answers1. Mercury has a low gravitational pull and a high daytime temperatures.2. Its ozone layer protects life from the Sun’s radiation and Earth has abundant liquid water and supports a complex ecosystem.3. Two and there names are Phobos and Deimos.4. Between 450c and 475c.