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Unit III Congress, The Presidency, The Beauracracy.

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2 Unit III Congress, The Presidency, The Beauracracy

3  Must be a natural born citizen  Must be at least 35 years of age  Who’s the youngest President to take office?  Must be living in the US for 14 years  You can’t live in Europe and then run for President  Term limits  Washington set the Precedent  FDR elected 4 times  22 nd Amendment EWWW!!!!! NO HE CAN’T BE PRESIDENT

4  Generally a figure head  Carries 2 jobs  President of the Senate  Immediate stand in if the President becomes incapacitated

5  Who can be impeached?  President  Vice President  Judges  Senators/Reps.  Cabinet members  Who have they tried to impeach in the House?  2 Presidents  12 Federal Judges  1 Senator  Several Cabinet Members  Numerous district/circuit judges  Impeachment requirements  Must be found guilty by the House of Representatives of crimes that include treason, bribery, other high crimes or misdemeanors  By a majority vote in the house  Must be convicted of the crime befitting removal from office (violating the oath of office)  By a 2/3 majority in the Senate  Vice President cannot preside over impeachment hearings

6  William Blount-Senator  Not Guilty  John Pickering-Judge  Guilty/Removed  Samuel Chase-Justice  Not guilty  James H. Peck-Judge  Not guilty  West H. Humphreys-Judge  Guilty  Andrew Johnson-President  Not Guilty  Mark Delahay-Judge  Resigned  William Belknap-Sec. of War  Not guilty  Charles Swayne-Judge  Not guilty  Robert Archibald-Judge  Guilty, removed  George English-Judge  Resigned/charges dismissed  Harold Louderback-Judge  Not guilty  Halsted Ritter-Judge  Guilty/removed from office  Harry Claiborne-Judge  Guilty/removed from office  Alcee Hastings-Judge  Guilty/removed from office  Walter Nixon-Judge  Guilty/removed from office  William Clinton-President  Not guilty

7 8 Presidents have died in office William Henry Harrison Zachary Taylor Abraham Lincoln James Garfield William McKinley Warren G. Harding Franklin Roosevelt John F. Kennedy 1947 Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act After the Vice-President Speaker of the House President Pro Tempore of Senate Secretaries of state, treasury, and defense, and other cabinet heads in order of creation of their department Secretary of Homeland Security may be moved to 8 th spot, after the attorney general, if the law is changed Never been used Always been a VP Nixon/Ford issue 25 th Amendment

8 Richard NixonGerald Ford

9 Appointment Power Power to Convene Congress Power to make treaties Cannot ratify them Veto Power Commander in Chief War Powers Act of 1973 Gives the President 60 days of military force prior to asking permission from Congress Gives an additional 30 days if the President formally requests it Pardoning Power Can pardon anyone convicted of a FEDERAL CRIME Nixon-Ford Stanley “Tookie” Williams execution

10 FIVE BEST PRESIDENTS 1) Lincoln (War Time) 2) FDR (War Time) 3) Washington (1 st) 4) T. Roosevelt (War Time) 5) Truman (War Time) Almost all of the Best Presidents were leaders who exercised the full power of the Presidential office 1) Buchannan 2) A. Johnson (impeached) 3) Pierce 4) Harding (died in office) 5) W. Henry Harrison (died in office) All were considered weaker Presidents who didn’t exercise Presidential power FIVE WORST PRESIDENTS

11 Jackson  Extensively used the veto power  Created the spoils system  Created the kitchen cabinet  Asserted the supremacy of the national government  Suspended Habeas Corpus  Expanded the US army above congress  Blockaded the south without the approval of congress  Closed the US mail to all Confederate States Lincoln

12  Creation of more federal government positions  Tennessee Valley Authority  Expansion of the Works Progress Administration  Civil Works Administration  Expansion of government into everyday life  Expansion of the bureaucracy  Made the President a policy maker  New Deal

13  Advisory board to the Presidency  Includes the following members:  National Security Council  Council of Economic Advisors  Office of Management and Budget  Office of the Vice President  US Trade Representatives

14 Personal Assistants to the President Senior aides Deputies Assistants Clerical aides Administrative aides Clinton cut the staff by 15% Bush carries 435 staff members OH WHERE OUR TAX MONEY GOES!!!!!

15 The period right after an election where the Presidents popularity in the polls is at its highest After re-election it’s not as high as the first election Truman Johnson Nixon Ford Carter The Anomalies Bush Clinton George W.

16 Neustadt presidential power to persuade Going Public Mobilizing public opinion by going directly to the public Going over the heads of congress to the people

17 FDR was the first to give congress legislation Uses a bully pulpit Head of a political party and can call on support Budgetary Process Office of Management of the Budget Plays a role in deciding the budget Congress still has the major power of the purse 1998-Year of the Balanced Budget

18 The Executive Office Made up of policymaking and advisory bodies Three principle groups: NSC, CEA, OMB

19 Executive Orders Office of Homeland Security Congress raised it to a department status Presidential Records Act Blocks the release of presidential documents for 12 years Bush has been criticized for protecting his fathers administration

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