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Gr 10 Health Relationships and Risk Taking Behaviour.

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Presentation on theme: "Gr 10 Health Relationships and Risk Taking Behaviour."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gr 10 Health Relationships and Risk Taking Behaviour

2 Drinking: A Love Story Read Drinking: A Love StoryRead Drinking: A Love Story There will be questions to respond to so read carefully!There will be questions to respond to so read carefully!

3 Drinking: A Love Story 1.What is the message of the story? 2.How did using alcohol influence the person’s decisions? 3.What are possible reasons why this person chose to drink? 4.What are the consequences of the person’s decision to drink? 5.Do you think that this is an unusual experience for students your age? Why or why not?

4 What is the message of the story? Uses of substances affects a persons ability to make healthy decisions.Uses of substances affects a persons ability to make healthy decisions. May cause a person to act impulsively and question the consequences later.May cause a person to act impulsively and question the consequences later.

5 How did using alcohol influence the person’s decisions? Had sex with someone they may not knowHad sex with someone they may not know May not have had safe sexMay not have had safe sex Inhibitions loweredInhibitions lowered

6 What are possible reasons why this person chose to drink? Lack of coping skills, parental/guardian communication, role models and trustLack of coping skills, parental/guardian communication, role models and trust All related to depression and risky sexual behaviour.All related to depression and risky sexual behaviour.

7 What are the consequences of the person’s decision to drink? Emotional – anxiety, stress related to possibility of being pregnant, STIs, regret.Emotional – anxiety, stress related to possibility of being pregnant, STIs, regret. Physical – hangovers, pregnancy, STI, sexual assault.Physical – hangovers, pregnancy, STI, sexual assault.

8 Quick Facts Did you know…. Teens who drink alcohol are seven times more likely to have sexual intercourse than those who don’t drink alcohol?Teens who drink alcohol are seven times more likely to have sexual intercourse than those who don’t drink alcohol? Teens who use drugs are five times more likely to have sexual intercourse than those who don’t use drugs?Teens who use drugs are five times more likely to have sexual intercourse than those who don’t use drugs? In 46-75% of college sexual assault cases, the survivor, the perpetrator, or both used alcohol.In 46-75% of college sexual assault cases, the survivor, the perpetrator, or both used alcohol.

9 Sexual Health Brainstorm ways you can minimize sexual health risks associated with substance abuse.

10 Minimizing Your Risks -Note Avoid use of alcohol and drugsAvoid use of alcohol and drugs Use substances in moderationUse substances in moderation Use the buddy systemUse the buddy system Watch your drinksWatch your drinks Don’t accept drinks from strangersDon’t accept drinks from strangers Think about your sexual decisions while you are soberThink about your sexual decisions while you are sober Talk to your partner/friends/family about sexual decisions while sober.Talk to your partner/friends/family about sexual decisions while sober.

11 Gateway Drugs- Note What are they? The use of certain drugs (such as alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) can lead to use of other drugs (such as cocaine, heroin, LSD)The use of certain drugs (such as alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) can lead to use of other drugs (such as cocaine, heroin, LSD) Alcohol and tobacco are usually the first drugs that young people experiment with or use.Alcohol and tobacco are usually the first drugs that young people experiment with or use. Teens that drink heavily or “binge drink” are more likely to use other drugs.Teens that drink heavily or “binge drink” are more likely to use other drugs.

12 Reality Check: Alcohol and the Law Are the following situations legal or illegal? Discuss with a partner.Are the following situations legal or illegal? Discuss with a partner. Legal Issues Case StudiesLegal Issues Case Studies

13 Case Studies - Answers 1) Illegal It’s illegal for ANYONE to smoke ANYWHERE on school propertyIt’s illegal for ANYONE to smoke ANYWHERE on school property If under 16, the person will receive a court summons to appear in court and a judge will determine the fine.If under 16, the person will receive a court summons to appear in court and a judge will determine the fine. It’s automatically $120 if over 16It’s automatically $120 if over 16

14 2) LEGAL If in the company of his/her parents, at homeIf in the company of his/her parents, at home

15 3) ILLEGAL To serve alcohol to underage friends of childrenTo serve alcohol to underage friends of children

16 4) ILLEGAL Possession or 30gm or less of marijuana is an offence which carries a maximum fine of $1000 or 6 mths in jailPossession or 30gm or less of marijuana is an offence which carries a maximum fine of $1000 or 6 mths in jail

17 5) ILLEGAL Breath samples are required when requested unless there is a medical excuse.Breath samples are required when requested unless there is a medical excuse. A license can be suspended for 90 days because of a failed or refused breath testA license can be suspended for 90 days because of a failed or refused breath test

18 6) ILLEGAL A motorist can be convicted, in a parking lot or on the roadA motorist can be convicted, in a parking lot or on the road Being in a position to set the car in motion can result in a convictionBeing in a position to set the car in motion can result in a conviction

19 7) ILLEGAL To sell or supple alcohol to others (in a restaurant, bar or at home) if that person appears to be intoxicatedTo sell or supple alcohol to others (in a restaurant, bar or at home) if that person appears to be intoxicated

20 8) ILLEGAL Carlo can be convicted for trafficking for transporting a drugCarlo can be convicted for trafficking for transporting a drug No money needs to exchange handsNo money needs to exchange hands

21 9) ILLEGAL FOR RETAILER Retailer must sell cigarettes in packs of at least 20 or be charged with a fine of up to $10 000Retailer must sell cigarettes in packs of at least 20 or be charged with a fine of up to $ The corporation can be fined up to $ and may lose rights to sell tobaccoThe corporation can be fined up to $ and may lose rights to sell tobacco The store clerk can be fined $215-$4000The store clerk can be fined $215-$4000

22 10) ILLEGAL To give or sell tobacco to anyone under 19To give or sell tobacco to anyone under 19 Can be fined $215-$4000Can be fined $215-$4000

23 11) ILLEGAL To give alcohol to someone under 19 or allow this to happen at your event even if you do not personally provide the alcoholTo give alcohol to someone under 19 or allow this to happen at your event even if you do not personally provide the alcohol

24 12) LEGAL Possession of solvents and aerosols is not prohibitedPossession of solvents and aerosols is not prohibited Some provinces and states have regulations to restricts the sale of glues and make sniffing og solvents illegalSome provinces and states have regulations to restricts the sale of glues and make sniffing og solvents illegal

25 13) ILLEGAL Ecstasy is an illicit drugEcstasy is an illicit drug Charge of possession will result in a court appearance and a conviction could lead to a fine or jailCharge of possession will result in a court appearance and a conviction could lead to a fine or jail

26 14) LEGAL Needle exchange is recognized as an effective harm reduction measure, so although use of heroin is illegal, his health and safety of community is protectedNeedle exchange is recognized as an effective harm reduction measure, so although use of heroin is illegal, his health and safety of community is protected

27 The Metabolism of Alcohol 1.Absorption – occurs in the stomach and small intestines. It is between this time and the time of oxidation that the effects of alcohol are felt. 2.Distribution – alcohol is distributed to organs and cells 3.Oxidation – alcohol is broken down into CO2, H2O and energy. This take place in the liver. The liver can do this at a rate of 30ml of alcohol per hour therefore it takes approx. 1 hour for the effect of each drink to wear off.

28 Cont’d 4. Elimination – 2-5% of alcohol escapes unused through the breath, urine and glands. Diluting alcohol helps to slow down this rate, but mixing it with a carbonated drink increases it. The amount a person drinks in relationship to the body weight will determine how great the effect will also be.

29 Environmental Factors Which Influence One’s Sexuality- Note Sexuality is the total expression of an individual’s femaleness or maleness through that person’s feelings, beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviours. Environmental Factors: 1.School 2.Culture 3.Religion 4.Environment 5.Family 6.Media 7.society

30 Environmental Factors Peers Your group of friends all date each otherYour group of friends all date each other Talk about other people having sex before marriageTalk about other people having sex before marriage The way you dress compared to everyone elseThe way you dress compared to everyone else Your friends’ sexual orientationYour friends’ sexual orientation Your friends may only want sex – not looking for a relationshipYour friends may only want sex – not looking for a relationship Someone to talk about relationship decisionsSomeone to talk about relationship decisions

31 Culture Music – rap music – promiscuity is made to look “cool”, scantily clad women and men in videosMusic – rap music – promiscuity is made to look “cool”, scantily clad women and men in videos Religion – may make you feel guilty if you want to express your sexuality, some prohibit sex before marriage and against homosexualityReligion – may make you feel guilty if you want to express your sexuality, some prohibit sex before marriage and against homosexuality Environmental (big vs small city) – news travels fast in a small town, more influences in a big cityEnvironmental (big vs small city) – news travels fast in a small town, more influences in a big city Race/Ethnicity – differing views, the more diversity around you the more you are faced with more influences of other cultures.Race/Ethnicity – differing views, the more diversity around you the more you are faced with more influences of other cultures.

32 Media Music VideosMusic Videos Characters on TV shows and in movies tend to date a lot and a lot of story lines revolve around relationshipsCharacters on TV shows and in movies tend to date a lot and a lot of story lines revolve around relationships Magazine covers and ads – “sex sells”Magazine covers and ads – “sex sells”

33 Family Positives: Strong family values that are passed on to you will influence your sexualityStrong family values that are passed on to you will influence your sexuality If family is religious then you may suppress your sexualityIf family is religious then you may suppress your sexuality If family openly talks about sexuality and sexual healthIf family openly talks about sexuality and sexual healthNegatives: Family too restricting you may want to rebelFamily too restricting you may want to rebel Could be bad influence if older siblings are expressing unhealthy sexual behaviours.Could be bad influence if older siblings are expressing unhealthy sexual behaviours.

34 Religion Not condoning sex before marriageNot condoning sex before marriage Some do not want women showing any skin – find other ways to express sexualitySome do not want women showing any skin – find other ways to express sexuality Some do not accept homosexualitySome do not accept homosexuality Some want control over children’s relationshipsSome want control over children’s relationships If you devote yourself to your religion (nuns, etc) you make the decision to not have any sexual activity with anyone.If you devote yourself to your religion (nuns, etc) you make the decision to not have any sexual activity with anyone.

35 Society Has become more accepting of sexuality and how people express itHas become more accepting of sexuality and how people express it Clothing in teens and youth has become much more revealing than in previous generationsClothing in teens and youth has become much more revealing than in previous generations Sexuality is discussed more and it has become more mainstream – yet it is rarely done from a sexual health point of viewSexuality is discussed more and it has become more mainstream – yet it is rarely done from a sexual health point of view

36 Relationships 1.Building an ideal relationship 2.Discussion questions

37 Important Qualities in an Intimate Relationship- Note Show that you care for the other personShow that you care for the other person Have a sense of humourHave a sense of humour Communicate!Communicate! Do meaningful things togetherDo meaningful things together Maintain relationships with other people.Maintain relationships with other people. Understand your partners decisionsUnderstand your partners decisions Need to tolerate each other’s weaker momentsNeed to tolerate each other’s weaker moments Accept each other’s styleAccept each other’s style Sexual fulfillmentSexual fulfillment

38 Note: Abstinence What is abstinence? It can mean different things to different people, for some it means no physical contact, others limited contact is allowed, but generally means no sexual intercourse. It is the only 100% safe method of birth control and STI protection.It can mean different things to different people, for some it means no physical contact, others limited contact is allowed, but generally means no sexual intercourse. It is the only 100% safe method of birth control and STI protection.

39 Note: Virginity Never having sexual intercourseNever having sexual intercourse Do you have to be a virgin to be abstinent? No, abstinent means no sexual intercourse so even though you may have had it, you can always return to abstinence.No, abstinent means no sexual intercourse so even though you may have had it, you can always return to abstinence.

40 Note What makes abstinence work in a relationship? CommunicationCommunication CommitmentCommitment AssertiveAssertive Self esteemSelf esteem Self controlSelf control Awareness of valuesAwareness of values Co-operation from partnerCo-operation from partner

41 Note What makes abstinence fail in a relationship? Alcohol/drugsAlcohol/drugs Peer pressurePeer pressure Threat or forceThreat or force “alone for the weekend” – putting yourself in a potentially bad situation“alone for the weekend” – putting yourself in a potentially bad situation

42 “How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. I love thee to the depth and breadth and height my soul can reach, when feeling out of sight for the ends of being and ideal grace” Worksheet

43 Famous Quotes about Love Love is blindLove is blind Absence makes the heart grow fonderAbsence makes the heart grow fonder It’s love that makes the world go roundIt’s love that makes the world go round Who ever loved that did not love at first sight?Who ever loved that did not love at first sight? Love means never having to say you’re sorryLove means never having to say you’re sorry Love those who love youLove those who love you Love teaches even donkeys to danceLove teaches even donkeys to dance It is impossible to love and be wiseIt is impossible to love and be wise She who has never loved has never livedShe who has never loved has never lived

44 Intimate Relationships Intimate Relationships Must demonstrate: Time spent togetherTime spent together A mutual desire for closenessA mutual desire for closeness Mutual respect, equalityMutual respect, equality A high degree of trust built over timeA high degree of trust built over time

45 Reasons to not use contraceptives… Don’t like the feelDon’t like the feel CostCost Bad memoryBad memory Side effectsSide effects Like to be spontaneousLike to be spontaneous Lack of communicationLack of communication religionreligion

46 Reasons to use… Fear of pregnancyFear of pregnancy Fear of STIsFear of STIs High education goalsHigh education goals Already had a familyAlready had a family

47 STI’s Note How does HIV/AIDS and Hep B and C differ from other STIs? They are blood borne diseases and can be spread by close sexual contact, intercourse, blood transfusions, needles, piercing or tatoo equipment.They are blood borne diseases and can be spread by close sexual contact, intercourse, blood transfusions, needles, piercing or tatoo equipment.

48 Cont’d - note STIs can be viral or bacterial/parasitic. What do these words mean? Viral = it can remain inactive for periods of time with no symptoms. Virus’s can be treated with medications, but not cured so you will have it for your whole life.Viral = it can remain inactive for periods of time with no symptoms. Virus’s can be treated with medications, but not cured so you will have it for your whole life. Eg) genital warts, HIV/AIDS, Hep b and C, HerpesEg) genital warts, HIV/AIDS, Hep b and C, Herpes Bacterial/Parasitic = it can be treated with antibiotics or antimicrobial medications.Bacterial/Parasitic = it can be treated with antibiotics or antimicrobial medications. Eg) gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, pubic lice, scabies, vagtinitisEg) gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, pubic lice, scabies, vagtinitis

49 Cont’d - note The best way to avoid getting an STI might be: Using a latex condom or dental damUsing a latex condom or dental dam Communicating with partnerCommunicating with partner Mutual monogamyMutual monogamy Lower risk sexual activitiesLower risk sexual activities Have regular STI testing doneHave regular STI testing done

50 Cont’d - note Some common STI symptoms could be: NoneNone Unusual discharge or odor from genitalsUnusual discharge or odor from genitals Abdominal painAbdominal pain Burning when urinatingBurning when urinating SpottingSpotting Sore or bumps around genitalsSore or bumps around genitals Sore throat after oral sexSore throat after oral sex Flu like symptomsFlu like symptoms

51 note If I thought I had an STI I would: Get testedGet tested Tell my partnerTell my partner If I thought my friend had an STI I would Encourage them to get tested and tell their partnerEncourage them to get tested and tell their partner

52 note If I tested positive for an STI I would: Get treatmentGet treatment Have regular pap testsHave regular pap tests Tell my partnerTell my partner Practice safer sex/lower risk activitiesPractice safer sex/lower risk activities

53 STIs STI Research ProjectSTI Research Project You will research an STI and create a brochure outlining particular information indicated on the assignment.You will research an STI and create a brochure outlining particular information indicated on the assignment.


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