Nings Definition: –Ning is an online platform for people to create their own social networks. The Economist, Oct 18, 2007 launched in October 2005. Uses: –Personal journal Collaboration – building a social/ professional network reflective practice –Professional Development –Instruction
What is copyright? “The statutory privilege extended to creators of works that are fixed in a tangible medium of expression.” (Bruwelheide, 1995)
Why be concerned with copyright compliance? Respect intellectual rights of creators of information Reward creativity of authors, artists, musicians, etc. Legal mandate Model proper behavior
SC ELA Academic Standards Beginning in 4 th grade: Create a list of sources that contains information (including author, title, and full publication details) necessary to properly credit and document the work of others. 6-6.2Use direct quotations, paraphrasing, or summaries to incorporate into oral or written works the information gathered from a variety of research sources.
Standards for the 21 st Century Learner 1.Inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge 1.3.1 Respect copyright/intellectual property rights of creators and producers. 1.3.3 Follow ethical and legal guidelines in gathering and using information. 1.3.5Use information technology responsibly. Standards for the 21 st -Century Learner. (2008) Chicago, IL: American Association of School Librarians. Available online at http://www.ala.org/aasl/standards
Standards for the 21 st Century Learner 3.Share knowledge and participate ethically and productively as members of our democratic society. 3.1.6 Use information and technology ethically and responsibly. Standards for the 21 st -Century Learner. (2008) Chicago, IL: American Association of School Librarians. Available online at http://www.ala.org/aasl/standards
Standards for the 21 st Century Learner 4. Pursue personal and aesthetic growth. 4.3.4Practice safe and ethical behaviors in personal electronic communication and interaction. Standards for the 21 st -Century Learner. (2008) Chicago, IL: American Association of School Librarians. Available online at http://www.ala.org/aasl/standards
NETS for Students 5.Digital Citizenship Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior. Students: a.Advocate and practice safe, legal, and responsible use of information and technology. b.Exhibit a positive attitude toward using technology that supports collaboration, learning, and productivity. National Educational Technology Standards for Students: The Next Generation.. (2007) Washington, D.C.: International Society for Technology in Education. Available online at http://www.iste.org/Content/NavigationMenu/NETS/For_Students/NETS_S.htm
NETS for Students 5.Digital Citizenship Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior. Students: c.Demonstrate personal responsibility for lifelong learning. d.Exhibit leadership for digital citizenship. National Educational Technology Standards for Students: The Next Generation.. (2007) Washington, D.C.: International Society for Technology in Education. Available online at http://www.iste.org/Content/NavigationMenu/NETS/For_Students/NETS_S.htm
SC Internet Safety Standards Standard 1: Students recognize their rights and responsibilities in using technologies within the context of today’s world. Standard 3: Students recognize the ethical and legal issues while accessing, creating, and using digital tools and resources in order to make informed decisions. http://www.ed.sc.gov/InternetSafety
Penalties and Liabilities Direct In-Direct Innocent Infringement
Fair Use Applies to all types of media To give certain users conditional permission to use copyrighted materials if certain criteria are met
Fair Use Education Exemption - but… Not free license to copy anything you want Cannot copy in place of purchasing Cannot copy in anticipation of a request Allows for spontaneity of use
Fair Use Does not allow use of commercial videos for re-enforcement, entertainment, or reward without paying public performance rights fees in advance
Developed following focus group discussions with library, media, media literacy, and other educators nationwide. Recommended to be used in conjunction with Fair Use Guidelines. Must still, ultimately, obey the Copyright Law. transformative natureThink of the transformative nature of the student’s or teacher’s work when considering whether the proposed task is copyright compliant.
Student Use Students may use copyrighted works in multimedia projects. Students may perform and display multimedia projects for academic assignments. Students may include their multimedia projects in electronic portfolios for assessment purposes. Students may not post or display their works in public venues without permission from the copyright owners.
Faculty may incorporate copyrighted works into multimedia creations to create curriculum materials. Faculty may demonstrate multimedia creations at professional conferences and retain for professional portfolios. (caution: Fair Use does not give teachers the right to distribute the copyright-protected materials.) Time limit on fair use is 2 years from completion of work. Teacher Use
Best Solution Invest in clip art, music, video clips created especially for multimedia projects because they are copyright free. Soundzabound Music (www.soundzabound.com) Use royalty-free images, music, etc., available on the free Web. http://www.dillon2.k12.sc.us/teache rs/teachertools.asp#Free_Clipart_an d_Sound_Files
Unless specifically stated, everything is copyright protected Fair Use guidelines apply May not take print, images, etc., from Internet sites and re-post on Internet site May post on a protected school/district intranet May include links to other sites under “implied public access” Using Internet Materials
Copy “to create or to replace or to substitute for anthologies, compilations, or collective works.” Copy from consumable products Copy to substitute for purchasing resources Copy at direction of superior (e.g., principal, AP) Copy same item each semester
A teacher may make multiple copies for classroom use if...
only one copy of each item per student is made (classroom set) each item copied is for classroom discussion each copy includes a notice of copyright each item meets the three tests for copying...
Three tests for copying Brevity Spontaneity Cumulative effect
Commercial Movies For Instructional Purposes Must be used as part of face-to-face instruction Must be documented in lesson plans, showing how the video supports goals and objectives of lesson plan Must be directly connected to curriculum (i.e., standards) Must be a true and legal copy (HBO, Cinemax, NetFlix) Fair Use Criteria
Commercial videos (movies) Can be rented from video rental store or public library * Borrowed from a student Owned by the classroom teacher Purchased by the school
Commercial Movies For Non-Instructional Purposes Cannot be used for reward or entertainment Free Friday During testing Rainy-day Recess Field Day
Public Performance Site Licenses One-Time License Covers one movie, one specific date & time Annual License License provides unlimited movies throughout the year by anyone in your facility at anytime. Multi-Year License Purchase two or more years upfront for additional savings!
Additional License Benefits ● Movie Posters to Download & Print ● Bookmarks ● Activity Sheets for Younger Students ● Movie Search Tool ● Newest Movie Releases ● Programming Ideas Above tools are available at: www.movlic.com
Which Studios are Covered? Only Movie Licensing USA is able to offer a public performance site license for all of these Hollywood studios. No other licensing source can provide this exclusive, comprehensive coverage.