Presentation on theme: "SW-PBIS Training Acknowledgment System Day 3"— Presentation transcript:
1SW-PBIS Training Acknowledgment System Day 3 Chris Borgmeier, PhDPortland State University
2Team Progress ReportsWhat have you accomplished since the last training?Finalize PBS team membersOn-site meeting & meeting scheduleSW RulesExpectations GridLesson PlansPresentation to staffFeedback & participation from staff
3Now that you’ve been working on this…. What questions do you have? Team RepresentationTeam ProcessCommunication with StaffUnderstandingBuy-In & CommitmentSW RulesBehavioral ExpectationsLesson Plans
11PBS: Defining Features Teaching Expected BehaviorIncrease Structure and Predictability by explicitly teaching Behavioral Expectations and Routines.Reduce the mystery and chaos by making expectations explicit through formal teachingDevelop a “United Front” across all staff through consistent language & expectationsIncreased Structure = Decreased Chaos = Fewer Problems
12PBS: Defining Features Reinforcing Expected BehaviorTeaching alone is not enough, we also need to regularly Reinforce students for following expectationsImproving the School ClimateBy increasing the number of Positive Interactions between staff and students we are improving the school climate.
13Acknowledgment Systems Purpose:To reinforce school rules, behavioral expectations & positive behaviorPromote a more positive school environmentSchool-wide 5:1 positive/negative interaction ratioRegular school-wide celebration of positive behaviorIncrease positive interactions b/w staff & studentsPrompt busy adults to remember to reinforce positive behavior
145 : 1 Positive Behavior Support is…. What parents, teachers, peers and others do to increase student success---the whole village!SUCCESSFAILURE5 : 1
155:1 ratio, it’s not just for kids Business teamsHigh Performance teams = 5.6 to 1Medium Performance teams = 1.9:1Low Performance teams = 1 to 2.7Losada, 1999; Losada & Heaphy 2004Married couples that last5.1 to for speech acts and 4.7 to 1 for observed emotionsGottman, 1994
16Gottman info.predicted whether 700 newlywed couples would stay together or divorce by scoring their positive and negative interactions in one 15-minute conversation between each husband and wife. Ten years later, the follow-up revealed that they had predicted divorce with 94% accuracy.Marriages that last:5.1 to 1 for speech acts and 4.7 to 1 for observed emotionsMarriages likely to end in divorce:1 (+) to1.3 (-) ratio likely to end up in divorce
17Team DiscussionWhat concerns might come up at your school regarding ‘caught you being good’, acknowledgement systems, incentives, etc?What ideas or questions do you have about how to address these concerns with staff?
18Acknowledgment Systems Big pay-off for limited expenseImmediate reinforcement with tokens that are accessible to all studentsLink with school wide celebration of positive behaviorLottery system helps to keep incentives cheapLot of kids have chance to win… but pay out is cheapSmall tangible rewardsPublic recognition is often powerfulMake the program catchy – link with school rules &/or school mascotCougar paws, Pawsitives, Starbucks, Bravo tickets, etc.
19To consider when developing an acknowledgment ticket Must be Easy for Staff to useLimit writing, and make easy to carry around - fit in pocketIf not easy to use & carry, it won’t be usedFrequent feedback for studentsAll staff should have ticketsALL students should be able to access tickets & acknowledgment, even those students with most challenging behaviorAt least 50% of the students should get acknowledged every 2 months
20Acknowledgment Tickets Link acknowledgment to a school ruleSome schools like to include the specific behavior being acknowledged… but don’t want extra writing to reduce use of tickets
25Example: Chavez Academy (K-8) Handing out Thank You tickets is not limited to the students in a classroom. The opportunity exists to positively acknowledge a student's behavior in all areas of the school.Teach Students during Introduction of system:I'll try my best to notice you. But you can't let me know; that's my job.“Students may not solicit tickets for themselves or for others
26Train staff how to hand out Acknowledgments “Sergio, thank you for picking up Jackie’s book for her you are being very Respectful. I want to recognize your good behavior with a Caught Being Good ticket, I really appreciate it when you follow the school rules.”Always pair the ticket with a verbal explanation that is genuine, clear & specifically identifies the behaviorLink with school ruleIt is best to provide the ticket immediately after the student engages in the behavior
27How will students turn in their tickets? In classroom?In box at lunch?In barrel in hallway?Then, what will happen to the ticketsEarn School-wide reward?Fill the barrel & whole school earns a popcorn partyEarn classroom reward?Classes can earn free time after so many tickets earnedDrawing for individual students?
28Example: Chavez Academy (K-8) A student who receives a Thank You ticket should hold on to the ticket until an appropriate time when he/she can stop by the library and drop it in the piñata.Staff can remind students to drop off tickets but ultimately the students are responsible for dropping off their own tickets.There are two different piñatas in which to drop the tickets: one for grades K-3 and another for 4-8.
29Acknowledgement Assemblies Part of regular school routineAcknowledgment assemblies should happen every two to four weeksBe Creative!System & reinforcers must be developmentally appropriateacross elementary, MS & HS
30Example: Chavez Academy (K-8) Each Friday, 10 names will be drawn, five from each piñata, by the principal. These 10 students will be called down to the principal's office.Each student will share with the administrator why they received the ticket. They will also get to pick an "opportunity" from the opportunity box.The opportunity box will have several selections for the students to choose from, either a coupon for a special privilege or a small item.Students will also sign a triangle to glue to the large triangle poster on the wall outside the principal’s office as a visual reminder of students who have been recognized for being safe, responsible, and/or respectful.
31Example: Chavez Academy (K-8) When students put tickets in the piñatas in the library, the tickets will remain in the piñata for the month.At the end of the month, all tickets will be counted and dumped into the larger, clear container. It will be centrally located and visible to all.Periodically, there will be drawings from the big container for larger items such as a school t-shirt, etc.
32Reinforcer Ideas Middle & High School Elementary Homework pass Discounts at school storeTickets to school danceTime w/ peersPizza partySocial & listen to musicLunch w/ staffStaff serve spaghetti dinnerIn-school movieEarly release from classClass parties or cultural eventsMovie ticketsElementaryUsually any trinkets paired with public recognitionToysSchool suppliesBubble parties
33Team Tasks LOGISTICS How & where will tickets be turned in? What is the schedule for Acknowledgment assembly?How will the acknowledgment celebration/ assembly work?What reinforcers will be handed out to selected students at the acknowledgment celebration/assemblies?
34Focus of Acknowledgment System It is important that an Acknowledgment system is accessible to ALL students all the timeBeginning of yearHeavy emphasis on reinforcing all school rules & expectationsReturning from breaks, or entering months in which there were higher referrals in previous yearsMay want to re-teach expectations & remind staff to boost up use of acknowledgments
35Increasing Staff Buy-In Link incentive program w/ staff incentivesAlso recognize staff for using program w/ incentivesHave staff acknowledgement systemAlso acknowledge staff when students is drawnStaff Incentive ideasStarbucks dollarsFree hour ticket to cash in for principal to cover classFront parking spot for week/month
36Frequently Asked Questions Should we track Positive Referrals?Track it broadly, not individuallyAre teachers going through enough referral pads?Are grade levels invested in the system?How many should be given out?Better to err on the side of more than lessNeed to be genuine & verbally paired w/ reason, not handed out indiscriminately
37Frequently Asked Questions Shouldn’t students be expected to do these things without being rewarded?Sure, BUT students are bringing a varied set of experiences and skills to school, unfortunately some students may not get enough acknowledgment at homeHow many of you feel you get acknowledged often enough for the work you do?This system should not replace regular verbal praise and pats on the back for students …all this system provides in addition for most students is a small piece of paperThis system is as much to help remind the adults to catch kids doing the right thing in school… we get busy and too often get caught up focusing on predominantly negative behavior(5 to 1 ratio)
38Targeted Use of Acknowledgements & Incentives As year progresses, and specific areas of concern come up in the schoolCan begin to target specific behaviors or areas in which to more heavily focus use of acknowledgment systemi.e. hallway behavior, appropriate language, etc.Schools can also have other systems for recognizing studentsClassroom reward system in addition to school-wide systemIncentives for most responsible class in cafeteriaClass clean bathroom awardPerfect attendanceHonor Roll
39Tasks Develop or refine your Acknowledgment System Develop a process for the Acknowledgment SystemHow to give out & collect acknowledgment slipsDevelop & distribute acknowledgement slipDevelop an Acknowledgment assembly schedule & plan assembliesDevelop a list of ReinforcersCollect reinforcersTrain staff in details of how system will work
41Help Substitute Teachers Align w/ SW-PBIS Create a sub-folder & hold a sub orientationEncourage substitutes to review behavioral expectations during first 10 minutes with classAlign expectations with SW-Rules
42Help Substitute Teachers Align w/ SW-PBIS Acknowledgment SystemMake sure substitute teachers have access to acknowledgment ticketsEncourage them to hand out 3-5 acknowledgment tickets in first 15 minutes while teaching behavioral expectationsBetter Yet!! – Make the tickets a different color (Gold) for subs & make them worth double!
43Substitute Folder What to include? Overview of SW Rules & SW-PBIS Lesson Plan for Behavioral ExpectationsAcknowledgment TicketsOther?ScheduleLesson Plans (Academic)Seating Chart?Behavior PlansEtc.
44Team Work Time Continue to work on your acknowledgment system Consider creating a Substitute Teacher PBIS SystemSub Folders? – Orientation?Acknowledgments
46Tasks Develop or refine your Acknowledgment System Develop a process for the Acknowledgment SystemHow to give out & collect acknowledgment slipsDevelop & distribute acknowledgement slipDevelop an Acknowledgment assembly schedule & plan assembliesDevelop a list of ReinforcersCollect reinforcersTrain staff in details of how system will work
47Prioritize, Divide & Conquer Developing Lesson PlansDeveloping a teaching schedule for School RulesNew Student Orientation (those coming mid-year)Develop Acknowledgment SystemPBIS HandbookOngoing plan for presentation to staff & feedbackSubstitute Teacher foldersClassroom Expectations
48Follow-up Tasks Finalized SW PBS team & meeting schedule Developing Expectations GridDeveloping Lesson PlansDeveloping a teaching schedule for School RulesDevelop Acknowledgment SystemOngoing plan for presentation to staff & feedback