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THE ABOLITION AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS REFORM MOVEMENTS American Studies I Honors & U.S. History I Honors Mr. Calella.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ABOLITION AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS REFORM MOVEMENTS American Studies I Honors & U.S. History I Honors Mr. Calella."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE ABOLITION AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS REFORM MOVEMENTS American Studies I Honors & U.S. History I Honors Mr. Calella

2 Learning Goal  LEARNING GOAL: STUDENDTS WILL BE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND THE ORIGINS OF THE ABOLITION AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS REFORM MOVEMENTS IN MID-1800S AMERICA.  Based upon what you read for homework, how well do you understand this Learning Goal?

3 Assessment ( )  Log on to m.socrative.com; room#  On a scale of 1 to 5 (A to E), rate your understanding of the learning goal  1 (A)-Very shaky with the content  2 (B)-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it  3 (C) -Understand it and can explain it  4 (D)-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history  5 (E)-Can teach it

4 Discussion Questions  What are some modern-day issues upon which people are seeking reform?  For which cause or causes would you be willing to make sacrifices for?  What steps would you take to realize your goals?

5 The Abolitionist Movement

6 Background of the Abolition Movement  1820s; reform movement to end evils of slavery  Economic Issue: Few people joined the movement early on because they felt it would take a major revolution to be rid of the institution  Why? Why was Southern economy so entrenched in slavery? Why couldn’t the South just start freeing slaves gradually? Would it be enough to please reformists?  Political Issue: Reformists who butted heads with Jacksonian Democrats in the 1830s became Whigs (party of intellectuals and reformists)

7 Quakers and Women  Quakers: Christian religious movement which came to America from England in 1600s to escape religious persecution  Big part of Abolition Movement-felt slavery was not sanctioned by the Bible (Southern counter-argument?)  Helped organize and operate the Underground R.R.  Women: many joined movement after being influenced by 2 nd Great Awakening (Maria Stewart, Angelina and Sarah Grimke)  Many male abolitionists did not want women to join-WHY?  Being left out, women started the Women Rights Movement!

8 Assessment ( )  Log on to m.socrative.com; room#  On a scale of 1 to 5 (A to E), rate your understanding of the learning goal  1 (A)-Very shaky with the content  2 (B)-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it  3 (C) -Understand it and can explain it  4 (D)-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history  5 (E)-Can teach it

9 William Lloyd Garrison

10  Founded and edited The Liberator and established the New England Anti-Slavery Society  Operated “outside of the political system”  Burned copies of the Constitution in public!  Why do you think he called the Constitution a “pact with hell” and the Founding Fathers “hypocrites”?  Wanted immediate abolition & total equality for blacks; completely supported women’s participation in the cause  Very radical views even for abolitionists

11 David Walker

12  Born a free man and later obtained an education  Wrote Appeal…to the Coloured Citizens of the World in 1829  Urged slaves to revolt and fight for freedom  One of the most radical documents of movement  Utilized his used clothes store in Boston to smuggle copies of his Appeal to the South  South reacts by passing laws prohibiting abolition propaganda and forbidding slaves from becoming literate  Found dead outside of shop; probably poisoned

13 Fredrick Douglass

14  Former slave (learned to read/write); escaped to North  Began as a disciple of Garrison’s “outside of the political system” approach, but then takes on opposite approach in 1840s  Why do you think he did?  Founder and editor of The North Star  Great and intelligent man; fantastic public speaker  In a colorblind world, he would have had a shot at president

15 Women’s Rights Movement

16 Origins and Focus  Movement started by female abolitionists who were prevented from publically participating; felt compelled to start their own movement  Women wanted rights to own property and vote  How were women unequal to men during this time? Is there equality between the sexes today? Explain.  Sarah and Angelina Grimke: daughters of slave owners; became abolitionists then women’s rights activists  Sojourner Truth: escaped slave who gets freedom; abolitionist then women’s right (Ain’t I a Woman?)

17 Movement Catches On  Seneca Falls Convention: July 1848 women’s rights meeting in New York State  Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott draft Declaration of Sentiments (like Walker’s Appeal, modeled on Declaration of Independence)  1850s, movement catches on; Garrison joins and Susan B. Anthony joins later on  1920, 19 th Amendment finally passed

18 Assessment ( )  Log on to m.socrative.com; room#  On a scale of 1 to 5 (A to E), rate your understanding of the learning goal  1 (A)-Very shaky with the content  2 (B)-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it  3 (C) -Understand it and can explain it  4 (D)-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history  5 (E)-Can teach it

19 Teams for Jig-Saw Activity-2B  Brian  Jared T.  Amy  Alana  Jenna  Rina  Sanjuli  Sarah  Acheev  Nithya  Raghavi  Glorianna  Joely 1. Georgian Women for Abolition (Appeal to Christian Women of the South) 2. NY Women’s Rights Assoc. (Declaration of Sentiments)

20 Teams (continued-2B  Justin  Evan  Frank  Juliana  Nick  Chris  Katherine  Cole  Sam  Adam  Jared C.  Ally  Ellie 3. Massachusetts Abolition Society (David Walker’s Appeal) 4. NJ Women’s Rights NOW! (Ain’t I a Woman)

21 Teams for Jig-Saw Activity-1A  Jayson  Kaitlyn  Frankie  Casey  Aliyah  Anthony  Nick  Shawn  Holly  Alex M.  Marc  Charvonne 1. Georgian Women for Abolition (Appeal to Christian Women of the South) 2. NY Women’s Rights Assoc. (Declaration of Sentiments)

22 Teams (continued)-1A  Ashlyn  Brianna  Sharika  Sahithi  Irum  Amy  Megan  Andrew  Alex F.  Emily  Kavita  Shreya  Toni 3. Massachusetts Abolition Society (David Walker’s Appeal) 4. NJ Women’s Rights NOW! (Ain’t I a Woman)

23 Teams for Jig-Saw Activity-2A  Serena  Deanna  Jarod  Alexis  Nichole H.  Maddy  Abhi  Lauren  Theresa  Michele  Kayla  Amanda  Brianna  Prat 1. Georgian Women for Abolition (Appeal to Christian Women of the South) 2. NY Women’s Rights Assoc. (Declaration of Sentiments)

24 Teams (continued)-2A  Connor  Brooke  Abigayle  Mikayla  Nicolle K.  Mark  Nick  Matt  Danielle  Sabrina  Gabbie  John  Tory 3. Massachusetts Abolition Society (David Walker’s Appeal) 4. NJ Women’s Rights NOW! (Ain’t I a Woman)


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