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The Abolition and Women’s Rights Reform Movements

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Presentation on theme: "The Abolition and Women’s Rights Reform Movements"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Abolition and Women’s Rights Reform Movements
American Studies I Honors & U.S. History I Honors Mr. Calella

2 Learning Goal LEARNING GOAL: STUDENDTS WILL BE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND THE ORIGINS OF THE ABOLITION AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS REFORM MOVEMENTS IN MID-1800S AMERICA. Based upon what you read for homework, how well do you understand this Learning Goal?

3 Assessment (5-4-3-2-1) Log on to m.socrative.com; room# 664674
On a scale of 1 to 5 (A to E), rate your understanding of the learning goal 1 (A)-Very shaky with the content 2 (B)-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it 3 (C) -Understand it and can explain it 4 (D)-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history 5 (E)-Can teach it

4 Discussion Questions What are some modern-day issues upon which people are seeking reform? For which cause or causes would you be willing to make sacrifices for? What steps would you take to realize your goals?

5 The Abolitionist Movement

6 Background of the Abolition Movement
1820s; reform movement to end evils of slavery Economic Issue: Few people joined the movement early on because they felt it would take a major revolution to be rid of the institution Why? Why was Southern economy so entrenched in slavery? Why couldn’t the South just start freeing slaves gradually? Would it be enough to please reformists? Political Issue: Reformists who butted heads with Jacksonian Democrats in the 1830s became Whigs (party of intellectuals and reformists)

7 Quakers and Women Quakers: Christian religious movement which came to America from England in 1600s to escape religious persecution Big part of Abolition Movement-felt slavery was not sanctioned by the Bible (Southern counter-argument?) Helped organize and operate the Underground R.R. Women: many joined movement after being influenced by 2nd Great Awakening (Maria Stewart, Angelina and Sarah Grimke) Many male abolitionists did not want women to join-WHY? Being left out, women started the Women Rights Movement!

8 Assessment (5-4-3-2-1) Log on to m.socrative.com; room# 664674
On a scale of 1 to 5 (A to E), rate your understanding of the learning goal 1 (A)-Very shaky with the content 2 (B)-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it 3 (C) -Understand it and can explain it 4 (D)-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history 5 (E)-Can teach it

9 William Lloyd Garrison

10 William Lloyd Garrison
Founded and edited The Liberator and established the New England Anti-Slavery Society Operated “outside of the political system” Burned copies of the Constitution in public! Why do you think he called the Constitution a “pact with hell” and the Founding Fathers “hypocrites”? Wanted immediate abolition & total equality for blacks; completely supported women’s participation in the cause Very radical views even for abolitionists

11 David Walker

12 David Walker Born a free man and later obtained an education
Wrote Appeal…to the Coloured Citizens of the World in 1829 Urged slaves to revolt and fight for freedom One of the most radical documents of movement Utilized his used clothes store in Boston to smuggle copies of his Appeal to the South South reacts by passing laws prohibiting abolition propaganda and forbidding slaves from becoming literate Found dead outside of shop; probably poisoned

13 Fredrick Douglass

14 Fredrick Douglass Former slave (learned to read/write); escaped to North Began as a disciple of Garrison’s “outside of the political system” approach, but then takes on opposite approach in 1840s Why do you think he did? Founder and editor of The North Star Great and intelligent man; fantastic public speaker In a colorblind world, he would have had a shot at president

15 Women’s Rights Movement

16 Origins and Focus Movement started by female abolitionists who were prevented from publically participating; felt compelled to start their own movement Women wanted rights to own property and vote How were women unequal to men during this time? Is there equality between the sexes today? Explain. Sarah and Angelina Grimke: daughters of slave owners; became abolitionists then women’s rights activists Sojourner Truth: escaped slave who gets freedom; abolitionist then women’s right (Ain’t I a Woman?)

17 Movement Catches On Seneca Falls Convention: July 1848 women’s rights meeting in New York State Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott draft Declaration of Sentiments (like Walker’s Appeal, modeled on Declaration of Independence) 1850s, movement catches on; Garrison joins and Susan B. Anthony joins later on 1920, 19th Amendment finally passed

18 Assessment (5-4-3-2-1) Log on to m.socrative.com; room# 664674
On a scale of 1 to 5 (A to E), rate your understanding of the learning goal 1 (A)-Very shaky with the content 2 (B)-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it 3 (C) -Understand it and can explain it 4 (D)-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history 5 (E)-Can teach it

19 Teams for Jig-Saw Activity-2B
1. Georgian Women for Abolition (Appeal to Christian Women of the South) 2. NY Women’s Rights Assoc. (Declaration of Sentiments) Brian Jared T. Amy Alana Jenna Rina Sanjuli Sarah Acheev Nithya Raghavi Glorianna Joely

20 Teams (continued-2B Justin Evan Frank Juliana Nick Chris Katherine
3. Massachusetts Abolition Society (David Walker’s Appeal) 4. NJ Women’s Rights NOW! (Ain’t I a Woman) Justin Evan Frank Juliana Nick Chris Katherine Cole Sam Adam Jared C. Ally Ellie

21 Teams for Jig-Saw Activity-1A
1. Georgian Women for Abolition (Appeal to Christian Women of the South) 2. NY Women’s Rights Assoc. (Declaration of Sentiments) Jayson Kaitlyn Frankie Casey Aliyah Anthony Nick Shawn Holly Alex M. Marc Charvonne

22 Teams (continued)-1A Ashlyn Brianna Sharika Sahithi Irum Amy Megan
3. Massachusetts Abolition Society (David Walker’s Appeal) 4. NJ Women’s Rights NOW! (Ain’t I a Woman) Ashlyn Brianna Sharika Sahithi Irum Amy Megan Andrew Alex F. Emily Kavita Shreya Toni

23 Teams for Jig-Saw Activity-2A
1. Georgian Women for Abolition (Appeal to Christian Women of the South) 2. NY Women’s Rights Assoc. (Declaration of Sentiments) Serena Deanna Jarod Alexis Nichole H. Maddy Abhi Lauren Theresa Michele Kayla Amanda Brianna Prat

24 Teams (continued)-2A Connor Brooke Abigayle Mikayla Nicolle K. Mark
3. Massachusetts Abolition Society (David Walker’s Appeal) 4. NJ Women’s Rights NOW! (Ain’t I a Woman) Connor Brooke Abigayle Mikayla Nicolle K. Mark Nick Matt Danielle Sabrina Gabbie John Tory


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