Presentation on theme: "O Canada! Exploring Canada: A Study in Connections."— Presentation transcript:
O Canada! Exploring Canada: A Study in Connections
Key Terms Geography The study of Earth’s physical and human systems and the relationship among them. Geographical Systems Various interconnected systems that shape our world. Eg. Forces that cause devastating earthquakes or why nations trade with each other. Mental Map A map in our mind of places we know. Population Density A figure calculated by dividing the population od a region by the region’s area. G.D.P. (per capita) Total value of the goods and services produced within a country per person excluding transactions with other countries
Give a personal example of each of the following connections as they relate to your life Local Regional Provincial National Worldwide
The 5 Focus Areas that are important to Geographers The reason things are located where they are: A geographer might want to study, for example why McDonald’s would chose to locate a new restaurant in a particular place. Geographical Systems that shape our world: A study, for example, might be done to try to understand the forces that cause devastating earthquakes or why nations trade with each other. Interactions between people and the environment within which they live: By focusing on these links we can better understand our problems such as how we contribute to global warming when driving a sport utility vehicle instead of an economy car. Global Connections between regions and countries: For example, in studying trade, we might want to examine the role that Canadians play in the economy of another country when we purchase a new pair of basketball shoes made in that country Special tools and skills that geographers use, such as mapping, graphing, and aerial photographing: In addition to these traditional geographic tools, exciting new developments allow geographers to study the Earth’s surface from satellites and to analyze and present geographic data using powerful computerized mapping software called geographic information systems (GIS) (Modified from Graphic issues of the Twenty-first Century – Bruce W. Clark, John K. Wallace)
4 Ways to compare Canada to other countries Area Population Population density Wealth
How does Canada compare to other countries in terms of area? Canada is the second largest country with an area of 9, 992, 000 km² Beaten only by Russia with an area of 17, 705, 000 km² Lets Discuss: Looking at these numbers ONLY, what could be assumed about Canada?
What two countries are smaller than Canada but come close in terms of total area? China with 9, 632, 000 km² United States of America with 9, 363, 000 km² Lets Discuss: Using our own informal knowledge, let’s discuss what these numbers imply and how those implications are or are not correct.
Which country has the largest population in the world? CHINA 1,331,460,000
Where does Canada’s population rank in the world? Canada ranks 35 th with 33,739,900 1/200 people in the world are Canadian
What is Population Density? _____Number of People_______ Number of Kilometres Squared Lets Discuss: Given Canada’s current population, what is the population density for Canada? Where does Canada rank? What kinds of things could we assume about Canada given it’s population density. How could China’s or the USA’s population density be interpreted differently?
How is wealth Calculated? GDP – Gross Domestic Product / Capita (PPP) Value of goods and services in 1 year Population Lets Discuss: How does this tell someone how rich a country is? Does this mean that every person living in that country is sharing in the same wealth? Why or Why not?
Basics vs. Luxuries Food Shelter Clothing Medical Care What are some more? Cars Computers Trips What are some more?
What about Canada? How wealthy is Canada in comparison to the world? GDP – 1.33 Trillion PPP - $39,400 Comparison to the world GDP – 58.26 Trillion PPP – $8, 322 What is the poorest country? Ethiopia with a PPP of $100 Lets Discuss: What does this mean for the people living in Canada? What would be some causes in the discrepancies?
Snap Shots! Fresh Water 3 rd Number of Immigrants? 3 rd Energy use/capita? 3rd Average Life expectancy? 2 nd Number of cars/trucks produced? 6 th Value of foreign trade? 8th