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World War II Posters Propaganda is material given out in order to spread an opinion about something. The following may be used: Bias is when an author.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II Posters Propaganda is material given out in order to spread an opinion about something. The following may be used: Bias is when an author."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II Posters Propaganda is material given out in order to spread an opinion about something. The following may be used: Bias is when an author gives his or her personal opinion through something that is shared (writings, posters, etc.) Semantic Slanting is when an author uses loaded words to make the audience think a certain way. Emotional Factors are factors that influence the way an author may think.

2 Why think about Propaganda ? It may seem strange to suggest that the study of propaganda has relevance to contemporary politics. After all, when most people think about propaganda, they think of the enormous campaigns that were waged by Hitler and Stalin in the 1930s. Since nothing comparable is being disseminated in our society today, many believe that propaganda is no longer an issue. But propaganda can be as blatant as a swastika or as subtle as a joke. Its persuasive techniques are regularly applied by politicians, advertisers, journalists, radio personalities, and others who are interested in influencing human behavior. Propagandistic messages can be used to accomplish positive social ends, as in campaigns to reduce drunk driving, but they are also used to win elections and to sell malt liquor. These appeals persuade through the manipulation of symbols and of our most basic human emotions. For better or worse, ours is an age of propaganda.

3 With the growth of the Internet, the flow of persuasive messages has been dramatically accelerated. For the first time ever, citizens around the world are participating in uncensored conversations about their collective future. This is a wonderful development, but there is a cost The information revolution has led to information overload, and people are confronted with hundreds of messages each day. Although few studies have looked at this topic, it seems fair to suggest that many people respond to this pressure by processing messages more quickly and, when possible, by taking mental short-cuts. Propagandists love short-cuts -- particularly those which short-circuit rational thought. They encourage this by agitating emotions, by exploiting insecurities, by capitalizing on the ambiguity of language, and by bending the rules of logic. As history shows, they can be quite successful. Propaganda analysis exposes the tricks that propagandists use and suggests ways of resisting the short-cuts that they promote by giving strategies of mental self-defense.

4 War Propaganda The Nazis prepared for war from the moment Hitler came into power in In the feverish building up of German striking power, they had the support of the professional military men. The Nazis not only produced the weapons of war; they geared their economy for the strain of a future conflict. They carried on political intrigues to promote their purposes. Their propaganda machine had long been a going concern when Hitler felt ready to strike at Poland, the first step in an ambitious plan to lay the world at his feet. To understand how this four-dimensional warfare has come about, we have to look at history. War Propaganda The Nazis prepared for war from the moment Hitler came into power in In the feverish building up of German striking power, they had the support of the professional military men. The Nazis not only produced the weapons of war; they geared their economy for the strain of a future conflict. They carried on political intrigues to promote their purposes. Their propaganda machine had long been a going concern when Hitler felt ready to strike at Poland, the first step in an ambitious plan to lay the world at his feet. To understand how this four-dimensional warfare has come about, we have to look at history.

5 Look at each poster from World War II. Be ready to discuss the propaganda used in each. bias semantic slanting emotional factors

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13 Propaganda may try to show the moral superiority of the cause against which the enemy is fighting. It is part of a nation’s strategic plan to intimidate enemy leaders, to separate them from their people, and to break down resistance by producing evidence that the mass of the enemy people have been deceived and misled. Propaganda may try to show the moral superiority of the cause against which the enemy is fighting. It is part of a nation’s strategic plan to intimidate enemy leaders, to separate them from their people, and to break down resistance by producing evidence that the mass of the enemy people have been deceived and misled.

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22 Propaganda, too, is an instrument for maintaining unity and good will among allies banded together in a common effort. It is sometimes effective in bringing opinion in neutral states over to one side or another. And in the battle zones it serves to keep up the morale of the men who are doing the actual fighting job. Propaganda, too, is an instrument for maintaining unity and good will among allies banded together in a common effort. It is sometimes effective in bringing opinion in neutral states over to one side or another. And in the battle zones it serves to keep up the morale of the men who are doing the actual fighting job.

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24 Promotion of a Worth-While Cause Is Good Propaganda. Propaganda makes use of popular appeals to make the necessary sacrifices and to contribute muscle, mind, and money to the successful prosecution of the war. In a democratic nation, a free flow of information serves to stimulate the war effort, strengthens the nation to stand reverses, to hold steadfast through a long conflict, to take losses courageously, to make sacrifices bravely, to buy bonds generously, and to cooperate in every way possible in the great national effort for victory.

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