Presentation on theme: "Henry II and Thomas Becket Monika Härma. Henry II Was born on 4 March 1133, died in 1189. Also known as Henry of Anjou, Henry Fitzempress, Henry Curtmantle."— Presentation transcript:
Henry II Was born on 4 March 1133, died in 1189. Also known as Henry of Anjou, Henry Fitzempress, Henry Curtmantle (Shortmantle) and Henry Plantagenet His mother was the Empress Matilda His father was Count of Anjou Henry II
As a king Lord of Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, and Count of Anjou, Brittany, Poitou, Normandy, Maine, and Gascony Claimed Aquitaine through marriage.
Marriage In 1152 married Eleanor of Aquitaine They had eight children During the last years of his reign Henry's wife and sons constantly plotted against him. Eleanor of Aquitaine
As a king Lived a lot outside England Strengthened royal administration Reformed the law system The founder of English common law Was a very intelligent and strong king
Thomas Becket An educated chancellor A friend of Henry II In 1162 became the Archbishop of Canterbury
Henry II and Thomas Becket As an archbishop, Becket changed his politics and opposed Henry II "Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest?" After his death, Becket was canonised The death of Thomas Becket