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Charles I and Civil War Anna Maria Viinalass 10. B.

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Presentation on theme: "Charles I and Civil War Anna Maria Viinalass 10. B."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charles I and Civil War Anna Maria Viinalass 10. B

2 Charles I (1600 –1649) King of England, Scotland, Ireland (from 1625 until his execution in 1649) King of England, Scotland, Ireland (from 1625 until his execution in 1649) 2-nd son of James VI 2-nd son of James VI Catholic king Catholic king tensions with Parliament - unpopularity tensions with Parliament - unpopularity Wife - Henrietta Maria of France Wife - Henrietta Maria of France Charles I and Henrietta Maria

3 Henrietta Maria of France 24-year old Charles married 15-year-old Henrietta Maria in year old Charles married 15-year-old Henrietta Maria in 1625 Catholic - unpopular in England Catholic - unpopular in England youngest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second wife, Marie de' Medici youngest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second wife, Marie de' Medici

4 Charles I William Laud – Archbishop of Canterbury William Laud – Archbishop of Canterbury Dissolved Parliament 3 times ( ) Dissolved Parliament 3 times ( ) Personal rule of 11 years Personal rule of 11 years money problams, prayer book – rebellions money problams, prayer book – rebellions The supporters of king and the supporters of Parliament The supporters of king and the supporters of Parliament Charles I - beheaded in 1649 Charles I - beheaded in 1649

5 The Civil war ( ) 1-st major battle in 1642 (at Edgehill in the Cotswolds) 1-st major battle in 1642 (at Edgehill in the Cotswolds) “Cavaliers” and “Roundheads” “Cavaliers” and “Roundheads” Parliament - upper hand in 1645 Parliament - upper hand in 1645 The army of Royalists - defeated by Oliver Cromwell The army of Royalists - defeated by Oliver Cromwell New “model” of army New “model” of army

6 Oliver Cromwell (1599 –1658) Unable to find anything to replace the monarchy Unable to find anything to replace the monarchy Bad leader, dictator Bad leader, dictator Died in 1658 Died in 1658 After him comes Richard and then Charles II After him comes Richard and then Charles II

7 Information:

8 Thank you for listening!


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