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US foreign policy by 1914. Worldwide influence.

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Presentation on theme: "US foreign policy by 1914. Worldwide influence."— Presentation transcript:

1 US foreign policy by 1914

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4 Worldwide influence

5 US foreign policy by 1914 Worldwide influence Economically motivated

6 US foreign policy by 1914 Worldwide influence Economically motivated Limited military engagement

7 The Monroe Doctrine: 1823 “The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” - Monroe Doctrine James Monroe,

8 The Monroe Doctrine: 1823

9 Established: Independent US foreign policy

10 The Monroe Doctrine: 1823 Established: Independent US foreign policy Aim of ending the extension of European influence in Western Hemisphere

11 The Monroe Doctrine: 1823 Established: Independent US foreign policy Aim of ending the extension of European influence in Western Hemisphere Foundation for US intervention

12 The Spanish-American War (1898)

13 The Treaty of Paris: 1898 Cuba freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of Guam. The U. S. paid Spain $20 million for the Philippines. The U. S. became “an imperial power”

14 The Open Door Policy: 1900 Secretary John Hay. Gave all nations equal access to trade in China. Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by any one foreign power.

15 The Open Door Policy

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18 The Boxer Rebellion: 1900 Society of Righteous & Harmonious Fists 2,500 US troops involved in suppression

19 Dominican Republic default, Unable to pay money owed on $40 million in loans. - European nations threatened to intervene. - US President Roosevelt announced that under the Monroe Doctrine, the US could not allow foreign nations to intervene in Latin America.

20 The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1904 Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power.

21 Speak softly and carry a big stick

22 Russo-Japanese war

23 Treaty of Portsmouth: 1905 Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy

24 US Economy by 1900

25 Foreign Trade in oil,

26 Commercial/Business Interests U. S. Foreign Investments:

27 Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy”: US President, American economy needed opportunities for further growth - Intervention and loans in Asia and Latin America

28 U. S. Global Investments & Investments in Latin America, 1914

29 Improve financial opportunities for American businesses. Use private capital to further U. S. interests overseas. Therefore, the U.S. should create economic and political stability abroad in ways that would best promote America’s commercial interests.

30 U. S. Interventions in Latin America: s

31 Military/Strategic Interests Alfred T. Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power on History:

32 Our “Sphere of Influence”


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