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**Are the Statistics Deceptive?**

Chapter 11 Are the Statistics Deceptive?

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**1. Statistics can lie, therefore statisticians are liars.**

a. True b. False 10

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**2. In looking at given statistics, you must determine if the average is**

a mean, a nice, or a mode legitimate a mode, a mean, or a median 20

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**1. When is “average” really not average?**

when the highest is number is so huge it skews the mean when there is an inadequate sample of values to begin with both a and b 10

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**4. The gap between the largest and smallest values is called the**

range intermediate zone great divide 10

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**5. The distribution of an average refers to**

a fair share of profits how frequently each of the values occur reporting the average in several publications 15

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6. In an attempt to deceive the audience, authors may conclude one thing, then prove another with statistics. a. True b. False 10

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7. You must pay close attention to both the wording of the ______ and the wording of the ______ to determine if they refer to the ______ thing. statistics, conclusion, same facts, statistics, same 10

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8. A strategy for locating deception in statistics is to blind yourself to the writer’s statistics and turn around 3 times before picking a number compare the needed statistical evidence for the conclusion with the statistics actually provided figure out the validity of the conclusion using your own Google research 20

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**9. Another strategy for assessing statistics is to blind yourself to the conclusion, then ask**

What do these statistics reasonably add up to? Where is the author getting these statistics? Would someone please remove my blindfold? 15

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10. Leaving out specific pieces of statistical information can make a writer or speaker guilty of deception by commission association omission 10

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