Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 How Good is the Evidence: personal experience, testimonials & appeals to authority?"— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 8 How Good is the Evidence: personal experience, testimonials & appeals to authority?
1. Which is not a key question to use in this chapter? 10 a.What kinds of evidence does the author use? b.How good is the evidence? c.Is this relevant to my life? d.Why should I believe that expert?
2. We must seek the _________ instead of absolute _________ of a claim. 10 a.dependability, truth b.truth, dependability
3. Factual claims cannot be found in 10 a.procedures for handling hazardous materials b.descriptive conclusions c.reasons used to support conclusions d.descriptive assumptions
4. Common sense, gut feelings, and hunches are an example of which type of evidence? a.analogies b.testimonials c.intuition 15
5. The dependability of a hunch or intuition is not dependent upon 10 a.personal experience b.previous training c.attractiveness
6. The Hasty Generalization fallacy involves drawing a conclusion about a ________ group, based on ________ with only a(n) ________ members of the group. 10 a.different, background, handful b.large, experiences, few c.minority, encounters, couple
7. Selectivity and expectancies often ______ personal testimonies. 10 a.influence b.persuade c.validate
8. Authorities are often _____ and ______. 10 a.wrong, disagree b.right, agree c.confused, egotistical d.both a and b
9. _____ sources are direct observers, while _____ sources rely on ______ for evidence. 10 a.Reliable, questionable, rumors b.Secondary, primary, opinions c.Primary, secondary, others
10. Bias, personal interest, prejudice, and position all affect authority and personal testimony. 1.True 2.False 10