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Chapter 4 What words or phrases are ambiguous?. 1. The search for ambiguity 20 a.seeks to identify multiple meaning words that are potentially problematic.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 What words or phrases are ambiguous?. 1. The search for ambiguity 20 a.seeks to identify multiple meaning words that are potentially problematic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 What words or phrases are ambiguous?

2 1. The search for ambiguity 20 a.seeks to identify multiple meaning words that are potentially problematic b.presumes that the meaning of words and phrases is obvious according to the context c.is futile

3 2. Which is not a strategy for locating ambiguous key terms? 20 a.review the issue, reasons, and conclusion for crucial words and phrases b.look out for abstract words and phrases c.define concrete terms in the conclusion d.try reverse role-playing or devil’s advocate

4 3.A test for determining ambiguity of a key term is to a.check a thesaurus for a better-sounding word b.ask someone else what the word in question means c.substitute alternative meanings into the reasoning structure and see if it affects the conclusion d.both b and c, but c is best

5 4. Your guide to the meaning of an ambiguous statement is 10 a.the definition given by the writer/speaker b.the context in which the words are used c.none of the above

6 5. The meaning of the term “obscene” depends on 10 a.where you are from b.what subject you are talking about c.the words and phrases used around “obscene” d.all of the above

7 6. Loaded language a.has an intended emotional impact b.is used only in politics c.is accidental 15

8 7. Which is not an example of political language? a.“defense spending” b.“self-inflicted hazardous incidents” c.“voter behavior” d.“revenue enhancement” 13

9 8. If you cannot clarify ambiguity, you should a.keep asking questions of the writer or speaker b.throw out the reason or conclusion immediately c.confidently evaluate the essay anyway 20

10 9. Concrete illustrations can help convey the meaning of abstractions that are ambiguous. 1.True 2.False 12

11 10. Which branch of government typically deals with determining and clarifying ambiguity regarding our U.S. Constitution? a.legislative b.judicial c.executive 10


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