Presentation on theme: "4 Professions of Special Ed EDL 539. School Psychologist Who Are School Psychologists? School psychologists have specialized training in both psychology."— Presentation transcript:
School Psychologist Who Are School Psychologists? School psychologists have specialized training in both psychology and education. They use their training and skills to team with educators, parents, and other mental health professionals to ensure that every child learns in a safe, healthy and supportive environment. School psychologists understand school systems, effective teaching and successful learning. Today’s children face more challenges than ever before. School psychologists can provide solutions for tomorrow’s problems through thoughtful and positive actions today. The training requirements to become a school psychologist are a minimum of 60 graduate semester hours including a year- long internship. This training emphasizes preparation in mental health, child development, school organization, learning, behavior and motivation. To work as a school psychologist, one must be certified and/or licensed by the state in which services are provided. School psychologists also may be nationally certified by the National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB).
Il state standards for School Psych 1.Data-Based Decision Making and Accountability 2.Consultation and Collaboration 3.Learning and Instruction 4.Socialization and Development of Life Skills 5.Student Diversity in Development And Learning 6.School and Systems Organization, Policy Development, and Climate 7.Prevention, Crisis Intervention, and Mental Health 8.Home/School/Community Collaborations 9.Research and Program Evaluation 10.School Psychology Practice and Development 11.Technology Standards
NASP endorses assessment practices that are: scientifically based; multidimensional and based on the needs of the student; relevant to a variety of scientifically-based interventions; inclusive of an examination of family and educational systems, and home environments, in addition to the student; initiated by efforts to resolve the problem through early intervention; nondiscriminatory in terms of ethnicity, gender, native language, family or socioeconomic status; comprehensive and address the educational, cognitive, and mental health needs of the student; not limited to any single methodology or theoretical framework; technically appropriate and used for the purposes for which they were developed and/or validated; conducted so that ethical standards are maintained; and used only by qualified personnel.
Some interesting facts Currently Il trains school psychologist to work with individuals between ages birth to 21 Birth to 3 is the most important time for students with disabilities
Some good websites http://www.nasponline.org/ http://www- gse.berkeley.edu/program/SP/html/s pguide.htmlhttp://www- gse.berkeley.edu/program/SP/html/s pguide.html http://www.nasponline.org/about_na sp/pospaper_assess.aspxhttp://www.nasponline.org/about_na sp/pospaper_assess.aspx http://www.nasponline.org/about_sp /recruitment.ppthttp://www.nasponline.org/about_sp /recruitment.ppt http://www.nasponline.org/about_sp /careerfaq.aspxhttp://www.nasponline.org/about_sp /careerfaq.aspx
More info on School psychologist Some Journals http://www.psychwatch.com/school_ journals.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psycholo gist#School_psychologistshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psycholo gist#School_psychologists
Physical Therapist Physical therapists provide services that help restore function, improve mobility, relieve pain, and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of patients suffering from injuries or disease. They restore, maintain, and promote overall fitness and health. Their patients include accident victims and individuals with disabling conditions such as low-back pain, arthritis, heart disease, fractures, head injuries, and cerebral palsy. Info from The BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Education of Physical Therapist According to the American Physical Therapy Association, there were 209 accredited physical therapist programs in 2006. Of the accredited programs, 46 offered master's degrees, and 163 offered doctoral degrees. All physical therapist programs seeking accreditation are required to offer degrees at the master’s degree level and above, in accordance with the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education.
Work Outlook 6 out of 10 work at hospitals 155,000 jobs in 2004 Expected growth in job market by 2014
Conditions that PTs help back and neck pain spinal and joint conditions, such as arthritis biomechanical problems and muscular control problems affecting children, such as cerebral palsy and spina bifida heart and lung conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia sport-related injuries stress incontinence neurological conditions, such as stroke and multiple sclerosis
PT assessments Subjective examination (interview) Objective assessment (physical exam) They assess Joint range of motion Muscle power Neurological assessment Motor control Posture
Some journals and publications Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica American Journal of Physical Medicine & RehabilitationAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Archives of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT)Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT) Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine Neurology Physical Therapy: Journal of the American Physical Therapy AssociationPhysical Therapy: Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association PT--Magazine of Physical Therapy Spine
Speech Therapist A speech therapist is a specialist with training in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of speech, voice, and language disorders who works with people, unable to make speech sounds or cannot make them clearly. They also work with people who stutter, have fluency and rhythm problems, inappropriate pitch, or harsh voice and speech quality problems.
What it takes An aspiring speech therapist needs a Master's degree in Speech Pathology, 375 hours of supervised clinical experience, a passing grade on a national examination and at least nine months of post-graduate professional experience.
Job outlook Speech Therapist are usually hired by schools and hospitals. Careers in this field are growing
What Speech Therapist work with Babies with feeding and swallowing difficulties Children with mild, moderate or severe: –learning difficulties –physical disabilities, language delay –specific language impairment –specific difficulties in producing sounds –hearing impairment –cleft palate –stammering –autism/social interaction difficulties –dyslexia –voice disorders
Adults with eating and swallowing and/or communication problems following –stroke –head injury (Traumatic brain injury) –Parkinson's disease –motor neuron disease –multiple sclerosis –huntington's disease –dementia –cancer of the head, neck and throat (including laryngectomy) –voice problems –mental health issues –learning difficulties, physical disabilities –stammering (dysfluency) –hearing impairment
Professional Organizations American Speech-Language-Hearing Association www.asha.org 10801 Rockville Pike Rockville MD 20852
Occupational Therapist Occupational therapists (OTs) help people improve their ability to perform tasks in their daily living and working environments. They work with individuals who have conditions that are mentally, physically, developmentally, or emotionally disabling. They also help them to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills.
Educational requirements Beginning in 2007 a master’s degree or higher will be required for an educational requirements To obtain a license, a applicant must graduate from an accredited educational program and pass a national certification examination completion of 6 months of supervised fieldwork patience and strong interpersonal skills
Job outlook Occupational therapists held about 92,000 jobs in 2004. About 1 in 10 occupational therapists held more than one job. The largest number of jobs were in hospitals. Careers are expected to increase better than average
What do OTs do? OT assist clients in achieving greater independence by –Rehabilitation of neuropsychological deficits –Motor function –Sensory function –Interpersonal skills Other Non traditional roles –Consulting with lawmakers –Home accessibility modifications –Ergonomic assessments
Where an OT may work Hospitals Nursing facilities Schools Outpatient clinics Client’s homes
Who will benefit from an OT birth injuries or birth defects sensory processing/integrative disorders traumatic injuries (brain or spinal cord) learning problems autism pervasive developmental disorders juvenile rheumatoid arthritis mental health or behavioral problems broken bones or other injuries developmental delays post-surgical conditions burns spina bifida traumatic amputations cancer severe hand injuries multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and other chronic illnesses
Links and organizations http://www.aota.org/ The American Occupational Therapy Associationhttp://www.aota.org/ http://www.wfot.org.au/ The World Federation of Occupational Therapisthttp://www.wfot.org.au/ http://www.aota.org/ajot/index.asp The American Journal of Occupational Therapyhttp://www.aota.org/ajot/index.asp
Interesting OT idea OT tips- http://www.promoteo t.org/documents/OTTi psHealthSuccess_003. pdf http://www.promoteo t.org/documents/OTTi psHealthSuccess_003. pdf National School Backpack Awareness Day 2006 a Huge Success!National School Backpack Awareness Day 2006 a Huge Success!