3 The European Parliament The European Commission EU InstitutionsThe European ParliamentThe Council of the EUMinisters of 27 Member StatesEU legislative power (shared with EP)EU budgetary power (shared with EP)foreign policy decisionsagricultural policy decisionsrotating presidency785 Members of the Parliament (MEP)EU legislative power (shared with Council)EU budgetary power (shared with Council)parliamentary control of other institutionsPresident Mr Hans-Gert PötteringThe European Commission27 Commissionerscontrol of planning and implementationpresents legislative initiativesPresident Mr Jose Manuel Durao Barroso
4 The Presidencies of EU Institutions The Presidentof the European ParliamentMr Hans-Gert PötteringThe Presidentof the European CommissionMr Jose Manuel Durao BarrosoThe Presidency of the Council of the European UnionFranceJuly - December 2008SwedenJuly - December 2009Czech RepublicJanuary - June 2009
5 European Parliament Parliament’s powers Parliamentary controlParliament supervises other EU institutions and can pass a vote of no-confidence in the European CommissionLegislative powerMost EU laws are adopted jointly by the European Parliament and the Council of the EUBudgetary powerParliament decides the EU annual budget together with the CouncilEnlargement decisionsParliament‘s assent is required for the accession of any new Member States
6 European Parliament Seats per Member State in EU27 MEMBER MEMBERSTATE STATEGermany AustriaFrance BulgariaUnited Kingdom DenmarkItaly FinlandSpain SlovakiaPoland IrelandRomania LithuaniaNetherlands LatviaBelgium SloveniaCzech EstoniaGreece CyprusHungary LuxembourgPortugal MaltaSwedenEU27200799785435272419EU272009 Nice99725033252218EU272009 Lisbon967473545133262220EU1814139765EU272009Nice1713128765EU272009Lisbon 19181312986785736751
7 Political GroupsEPP-ED: Group of the European People’sParty (Christian Democrats) and European DemocratsPES: Socialist Groupin the European Parliament785ALDE: Alliance of Liberalsand Democrats for Europe100UEN: Union for Europeof the Nations Group43288Greens/EFA: Group ofThe Greens / EuropeanFree AllianceGUE/NGL: ConfederateGroup of the EuropeanUnited Left - Nordic Green Left217IND/DEM: Independence /Democracy Group44Non-attached224130Situation as of 13 January 2009
8 Committees 20 Committee on Foreign Affairs Committee on Development Committee on International TradeCommittee on BudgetsCommittee on Budgetary ControlCommittee on Economic and Monetary AffairsCommittee on Employment and Social AffairsCommittee on the Environment, Public Health and Food SafetyCommittee on Industry, Research and EnergyCommittee on the Internal Market and Consumer ProtectionCommittee on Transport and TourismCommittee on Regional DevelopmentCommittee on AgricultureCommittee on FisheriesCommittee on Culture and EducationCommittee on Legal AffairsCommittee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home AffairsCommittee on Constitutional AffairsCommittee on Women's Rights and Gender EqualityCommittee on Petitions20
9 How the Parliament Works PLENARY SESSIONS11 part-sessionsin Strasbourg4 additional sessionsin BrusselsEUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS 2009POLITICAL GROUPS12 weeks allocated for meetings of the political groups in BrusselsCOMMITTEE MEETINGS15 weeks allocated for parliamentary committee meetings in BrusselsSECRETARIATThe European Parliament’s Secretariatis located in Luxembourg and Brussels
10 Budget of the European Union Financial year 2009 €2009SUSTAINABLE GROWTHCompetitivenessCohesionEU AS AGLOBAL PLAYER6%45%31%EUR billion11%1%6%AGRICULTURALEXPENDITURERURAL DEVELOPMENTCITIZENSHIP, FREEDOM,SECURITY AND JUSTICEOTHER EXPENDITUREINCL. ADMINISTRATION
11 EU Budget Revenue Financial year 2009 €2009Customs duties,agricultural duties,and sugar leviesMiscellanousVAT-basedresource17%1%17%65%GNI based resource
12 Legislative power How co-decision works The European CommissionCommission proposalThe European ParliamentThe Councilof the European UnionFirst reading in Parliament(Parliament opinion)First reading in Council(Council position)Second reading in Parliament(if necessary)Second reading in Council(if necessary)Conciliation committee(if necessary)Final vote in third reading(if necessary)
13 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought Sakharov Prize Winner 2008: HU JIAHU JIA is a prominent human rights activistand dissident in the People's Republic of China.
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