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Strategies for Supporting Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

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Presentation on theme: "Strategies for Supporting Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategies for Supporting Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

2 Strategies for Supporting Young Children Proactive Strategies SocialCommunicationSensory

3 Goals for Training Introduce good general strategies for addressing:  Everyday situations (proactive strategies)  Communication  Early social and play skills  Sensory Issues

4 Goals for Training Guide assessment of young children and their needs so that you can respond strategically Remain neutral and avoid discussing specific interventions that require much more intensive training

5 Training Development This training was developed by the Virginia Autism Council, a state- wide council representing a wide community of stakeholders, envisioning individuals with autism fully participating in every aspect of society.

6 Virginia Autism Council The Council believes that individuals with ASDs are supported by an individualized focus on their particular strengths and needs using effective strategies.

7 What are “Strategies”? A set of tactics or approaches - a plan Tools to solve problems Not the answer to everything or for every situation, but the way to find an answer

8 We Can Not... Teach you every strategy for every situation Teach you specific strategies that require many days of training - Applied Behavior Analysis - Positive Behavior Support

9 We Can Not... Teach you specific strategies that are ‘owned’ by particular organizations –Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) –Social Stories Teach you specific methods often used with young children –Floortime –Relationship Development Intervention

10 We Can... Teach you ways to think about situations so that you can begin to formulate your own strategies Teach you sound, evidence-based strategies that support most young children with ASD

11 We Can... Help you make a difference in the lives of young children with ASD

12 Our General Approach 1.Briefly describe the challenges for young children with ASDs related to the topic 2.Discuss how to informally assess the child’s strengths and needs 3.Explore strategies to address the child’s needs

13 Autism Spectrum Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder Asperger’s Syndrome Classic Autism Autism What is it?

14 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5 th Edition Autism Spectrum Disorder = Classic Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not-otherwise Specified

15 DSM-IV, TR Communication Social Interaction Patterns of Behavior DSM-5 Social Communication Patterns of Behavior Sensory

16 A. Social Communication (must meet all 3 criteria) Social Reciprocity Nonverbal Communication Age Referenced Relationships B. Restricted/Repetitive Behavior (must meet 2 of the 4 criteria) Repetitive SpeechRepetitive RoutinesRestricted Interests Hypo/Hyper Reactive to Sensory Input

17 Level 1: Requiring support Social Communication Restricted/ Repetitive Behavior Level 2: Requiring substantial support Social Communication Restricted/ Repetitive Behavior Level 3: Requiring very substantial support Social Communication Restricted/ Repetitive Behavior

18 Goals for This Training Address: Everyday situations (proactive strategies) Sensory issues Communication Socialization

19 Characteristics Web Characteristics of ASD Communication 1. _________________________ 2. _________________________ 3. __________________________ 4. __________________________ Social 1. _________________________ 2. _________________________ 3. __________________________ 4. __________________________ Restrictive and Repetitive Patterns of Behavior 1. _________________________ 2. _________________________ 3. __________________________ 4. __________________________

20 Characteristics Identification Social interaction Communication Restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior

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22 The Power of Words

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