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Day I- Essential Question What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?

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Presentation on theme: "Day I- Essential Question What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Day I- Essential Question What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?

2 Unit 1 World History Hankins

3 Map Facts

4 Continents  7 Continents of the World  Africa  Asia  Antarctica  Australia  Europe  North America  South America

5 Oceans  5 Oceans of the World  Pacific  Atlantic  Artic  Indian  Southern

6 Map Directions  Longitude  Latitude  Equator  Prime Meridian  Legend  Cardinal Directions  North, South, East, West

7

8 The one you always see… Standard Mercator’s Map

9 Physical Map

10 Time Zones

11 Comparing Hemispheres

12 Upside down?

13 Better geographic representation… Peters Map

14 By population….

15 By wealth….

16 GPS

17 Africa… in perspective

18 The Elite 8 : Features of Civilizations

19 What is a Civilization?  Complex, Highly Organized Social Order  Examples?

20 1. Cities  Establishment of places in which people could live and trade  Examples?

21 2. Organized Governments  Organized to help distribute food and maintain order  Led By Kings, Chiefs, Emperors, Priests

22 Kings of…

23 3. Complex Religions  Rituals and beliefs that were maintained by the community  Originally Polytheists

24 4. Job Specialization  Different skills and abilities used to work within the society  Craftworkers (artisans), soldiers, bricklayers, entertainers

25 5. Social Classes  Wealthy vs. Poor, Slave vs. Free, etc  In Order:  Clergy/Nobles  Wealthy  Peasants  Slaves

26 6. The Arts  Unique art and architecture to that particular society  Expressed beliefs and values to those who created them (temples, statutes, etc)

27 7. Public Works  Roads, bridges, defensive walls  Usually ordered by strong rulers

28 8. Writing  Recording information  Pictograms or pictures that tell a story

29 8 Features Review  Take Each of the 8 Features of Civilization  Write one example of each from YOUR life  Explain in a sentence how it is important or how it impacts your life

30 Day II- Essential Question How do you think a civilization begin, grow, and decline?

31 Mesopotamia

32 Geography of Mesopotamia  Means “Land Between the Rivers”  Tigris & Euphrates  Fertile Crescent  Spread Goods & Ideas  Various People Traded In and Invaded the Area

33 Sumer  MAJOR City-State in Mesopotamia  City-States established areas of cultural relevance, protection, and trade  Large Hierarchy, w/ Ruler at Top…Slaves Bottom

34 Mohenjo-Daro

35 Sumerian Religion & Writing  Built ziggurats (pyramids) to keep gods happy  Afterlife was a BAD place  Used pen to make marks on clay tablets (cunneiform)

36 Hammurabi’s Code  Civil & Criminal Laws  Hammurabi’s Code  FIRST Codified LAWS  “To Bring Justice”  HARSH Laws

37 Mesopotamia Rap  Watch This (terrible) Mesopotamia Rap Video  As You Watch Make a Chart that Includes These Categories and List ANYTHING From the Video That Covers These:  Who?  What?  Where?  When?  Why?  How ?

38 Egypt

39 Religion  Polytheistic  Ex: Aman-Re, Osiris, Isis, Anubis  Pharaohs Were Viewed as Gods  What Type of Government Would This Be? How Might They Operate?  Afterlife Test

40 Public Works  Pyramids  Pharaohs Tombs  Treasure  What Could Be a Problem With This?  Mummification  Process to Preserve the Dead  Who & Why?

41 Cities & Government  Cities  Nile River  What Kind of Land?  Government  Theocracy/MONARCHY  Traditional Economy

42 Arts & Writing  Arts  The Great Sphinx  Writing  Hieroglyphics  Created the Rosetta Stone  Where Have You Heard of This Before? What Does It Do?

43 Social Classes & Jobs  Social Classes  Peasants/Slaves Serve Pharaoh  Women Given Many Rights  What Rights May These Be?  Jobs  Advances in Medicine & Science

44 The Epic  Watch the Retelling of the Epic of Gilgamesh  Note the 4 Most Important Events That Took Place in the Story  Choose One of the Events and Change What Happened in the Story. Explain how that changes the ending.

45 China & Early India

46 Day IV- Essential Question What themes are universal in all religions?

47 Dawn of Civilizations

48 Indus Valley  The Deccan Plateau, Near River Valley  Monsoons  Watered Crops  Diverse Culture

49 Indian Civilization  Carefully-Planned Cities = Organized Government  Mostly Farmers  Worship of Cattle

50 Disappearance  Mystery  Environmental Disaster  Aryan Invasion

51 Neolithic Revolution  Change from Hunting to Farming  Farming was Much More Reliable

52 How Civilizations Change  Cultural Diffusion  What does this mean?  Through Warfare, Trade, & Migration

53 Phoenicans  First to Trade Using the Sea  Set up Colonies  Around Middle East  Spread Mesopotamian Culture & Civilization  What is this called?

54 Important Seas

55 Mediterranean Sea

56 Red Sea

57 Persian Gulf

58 Full Map

59 Equator & Prime Meridian

60 Longitude & Latitude

61 Legend

62 Cardinal Directions

63 Day V- Essential Question How does religion impact the development of cultures and societies?

64 Hinduism & Buddhism

65 Beginnings  Hinduism  Combo of Indian & Aryan Through Cultural Diffusion  What Does This Mean?  Buddhism  Siddartha Left Home to Find ENLIGHTENMENT  Wanted to End Suffering and Sorrow

66 Beliefs  Hinduism  All gods (brahman) connected through one “force” Brahma  Books: Vedas & Upshinads  Buddhism  Four Noble Truths  Book: Triptakas

67 Buddhism: Four Noble Truths  1. All Life is Full of Suffering & Sorrow  2. Caused By Desire for Money, Power, Long Life  3. Cure by Overcoming Desire  4. Follow Eightfold Path

68 Goals of Life  Hinduism  Living Well Leads to Rebirth (Karma)  Nonviolence  What About War?  Buddhism  Follow The Eightfold Path

69 Buddhism: Eightfold Path  The RIGHT…  Views  Aspirations  Speech  Conduct  Livelihood  Effort  Mindfulness  Contemplations

70 Afterlife  Hinduism  Reincarnation  Explain?  Goal is to Become 1 w/ a god (Mokasha)  Buddhism  Reach Ultimate Enlightenment (NIRVANA)

71 Interesting Facts  Buddhism's Rejects Hindu Caste System  Both View Certain Animals As Holy Creatures; Elephants & Cattle  What Does This Say About Their Diet?

72 A: Four Noble Truths  Go Through Each of the First 3 Noble Truths…Explain in 2-3 Sentences Whether you Agree or Disagree w/ Each One  For the 8 Fold Path, Choose the 2 You MOST Represent and the 1 You Least Represent

73 H: Rights & Wrongs of Eightfold Path  Form Groups of No More than 4 and Pick One of the 8 Fold Paths  Create TWO skits Showing the RIGHT Way to Follow and the WRONG Way to Follow  Must Explain to Class  Everyone Must Have a Role  Writer, Actors, Explainer

74 Story of Buddha  Summarize the Story in 4-5 Bullet Points  Write Your Own Story, Based on Your Religion or Not, On Finding “Enlightenment” in That Religion  Story Can be Based on You Or Not

75 Day V- Essential Question What Makes a Different Religion Unique?

76 Judaism & Christianity

77 Beginnings  Judaism  “Chosen People”  Abraham’s “Covenant”  Christianity  Accepts ANYONE  Jewish Rabbi Named Jesus  Interesting?

78 Jesus Montage

79 Beliefs  Judaism  Waiting for Messiah to Return  The TORAH & the Talmud  Christianity  Believe Messiah is Jesus Christ  Bible

80 Practices JudaismChristianity  Worship in TEMPLE  Passover & Hanukkah  Abraham & Moses  Holy Trinity  Means?  Christmas & Easter  Peter & Paul

81 Conflict  Rome Allowed Jews to Worship One God  But ONLY If They Worshipped Rome Emperor Too  Problems?  Emperor Constantine Eventually Made ROME a Christian Nation

82 Problems  Problems w/ Each Other  Jesus  How?  Problems w/ Muslims  Split  Beliefs

83 Compare & Contrast ReligionFounderBeliefs (2)BookSelectionTreatment by Rome Judaism Christianity

84 Day VI- Essential Question Should a Country Base Its Rules on Religious Beliefs?

85 Islam

86 The Founder: Muhammad  Muhammad Was a Merchant’s Son Who Became a Prophet  He Rejected Old Gods & Later Conquered Mecca  Myths

87 Location of Mecca

88 Practicing Islam  Sacred Text  The QURAN  Five Pillars of Islam  Make Declaration of Faith  Pray towards Mecca

89 Five Pillars of Islam

90 Islamic Law & Beliefs  Make a Pilgrimage to Mecca if Able  NO  Pork  Alcohol  Gambling

91 Types of Muslims  Sunni  Traditional Form  Believe Muhammad Appoint Successor  Shiites  Alternate Form  Believe Connection to DIRECT Muhammad Relation

92 Views  Muslims View Islam as LAST Uncorrupted Religion  Muslims Can Have Up to 4 Wives  Stereotypes  Not Terrorists

93 Muslims

94 Famous Muslims

95 Day VII- Essential Question What Does It Mean to Be a Democracy?

96 5 Pillars  Choose the 5 Pillar You believe To be the Hardest to Follow and Why  Choose the 5 Pillar That Would Be The Easiest to Follow and Why  3-5 Sentences apiece

97 Greece

98 The Arts  Architecture  What Types of Things Are Notable Greek Architecture?  Sculptures  Drama  Comedy & Tragedy  History

99 Cities  Athens  City-State of THINKERS  How May They Go About Solving Their Problems?  Developed Science & Philosophy  Sparta  City-State of WARRIORS  How May They Go About Solving Their Problems?  Fought Persians & Other Greeks

100 Government & Religion  Government  Democracy  How Does This Work?  Various Others Later  Religion  Polytheistic  Famous Gods & Goddesses  Who? What Are Their Stories?

101 Social Classes & Jobs  Social Classes  Leadership, Soldiers, Peasants, Slaves  Where Does the Power Lie?  Jobs  Artists & Scientists  Soldiers

102 Public Works & Writing  Public Works  City of Athens  Writing  Epic Stories (The ODYSSEY)  Describe EPIC  Philosophers  Socrates  Plato  Aristotle

103 Assignment  Take Your City (Athens or Sparta) pg 106  Design a Brochure or Pamphlet Welcoming People to the City  Describe in Detail (at Least 2 or 3 Facts Each)  History  Types of People  Government  Beliefs  Interesting Facts  At least 2 Pictures, Including the Cover

104 DEBATE! Athens vs Sparta

105 Athens vs. Sparta  You Are an ATHENIAN or a SPARTAN, I am Zeus…I am Going to Choose to Destroy One City-State But I Don’t Know Which One Yet; Your Mission is To Make The Best Argument to Remain Alive…So…  Read Over The Section Assigned (pg ) To You & The Opposite Section  Record 5 Reasons Your Side Is Great  Say WHY  Record 5 Reasons The Other Side Is Bad  Say WHY

106 Athens vs. Sparta Debate  Each Side Discusses Their Reasoning With Each Other  Vote on the Top 10 Reasons (5 For Each Point), Record on Separate Sheet of Paper  Choose 4 People to Debate A Side  I Will Randomly Choose 1 From Each

107 Essential Question  What Factors May Contribute to The Decline of a GREAT Society/Civilization?

108 Part II: Rome

109 Government  Republic  Gov’t OF the People  MOST Important Contribution  In War  Elected Dictator  Why Might They Do This?

110 Social Classes  Patriarchal  Family Ruled By Father  What Conflicts May Arise From This?  Plebeians (Low Class)  Fought for Many Rights

111 Cities & Religion  Cities  Constantinople  Who Was This Named After? Why?  Religion  Originally POLYTHEIST (Mars, Venus, etc)  Later …Christians

112 Public Works & Jobs  Public Works  Pantheon  What Is The Purpose of The Hole At The Top?  Jobs  Serve  Free Basic Education  What Country Does This Sound Like?

113 Arts & Writing  Arts  Gladiators  Coliseum  What Types of Things Take Place?  Writing  Epic Literature

114 Other Facts on Greece & Rome

115 Cultures of Greece & Rome  Greece  TOO Diverse, Hard to Organize Country  Rome  ALL Over the World (“Sun Never Sets”)

116 Fall of Rome  Rome Begin to SPEND too Much Money  After Rome Declined It Became the Byzantine Empire - And The DARK Ages Formed

117 Alexander the Great  Alexander Conquered Persia All The Way To India  Spread Hellenistic Culture  Mix of East & West  Died at Age 32  Who Else in History Died in Their 30s?

118 Philosophers  Socrates  Always Question Any and Every Thing  Explain  Plato  Ran Academy, One Shouldn’t Think Spiritually ONLY Rationally  Similar to What Other Thinkers in History?  Aristotle  One Should Study ALL Knowledge & Disciplines

119 Philosophical Argument  Choose One of The Three Philosophers We’ve Studied  Develop a “Greek” Name and Write Them a HALF PAGE letter agreeing or disagreeing with their major belief.  Explain why you agree or disagree  Ask at least TWO questions to that philosopher  Use Evidence to Defend Your Beliefs

120 Day 2- Rome  1. Who Ruled The Family in Roman Society?  2. What Did Every Roman Child Receive?  3. What Was One Event Roman Emperors Used to Entertain themselves?

121 Day 3- Greece (Honors)  1. Name Two Types of Arts the Greeks Helped to Advance  2. Describe, Briefly, Athens as a City-State  3. Name 2 Famous Greek Gods

122 Part IV: Greek Culture

123 Alexander the Great  Father Philip of Macedonia Conquered Greece, Was Killed  Alexander Conquered Persia All The Way To India  Died at Age 32  Who Else in History Died in Their 30s?

124 Alexander’s Influence  Divided Btwn His Generals  How Did That Probably Go Down?  Mixed Cultures East-West called Hellenism

125 Trojan War  Mycenaeans vs Troy  Fought Over Trading Rights NOT Over Love  Why Would This Be The Story?

126 Persian Wars  Persians Attack Athens for Helping Enemy  King Darius of Persia LOSES to Themistocles in the Battle of Marathon  Darius’ Son Xerxes Beats Leonidas & the 300  How Are They Portrayed In History?  Xerxes Burns Athens but, Loses in Sea Warfare

127  1. Describe ONE of the Philosopher’s Beliefs  2. What Is the Term For Alexander Mixing Eastern & Western Cultures?  3. What Was the Fate of the 300?

128 Unit I Daily Quizzes

129 Day I-Maps  1. Name the 7 Continents  2. Name the 5 Oceans  3. Which Direction of Measurement is From East to West?  4. North, South, East, West are Called The…?

130 Day 2- 8 Features  1. Feature That Organizes Food & Maintains Order  2. Feature Covering Different Skills & Abilities  3. Feature Focused on Wealthy vs. Poor  4. Feature Used to Express Beliefs in Physical Form

131 Day 2- 8 Features (Honors)  1. The Only Two Purposes of Organized Government  2. Define Polytheistic  3. Very Top & Very Bottom of Social Classes  4. Purpose of The Arts in Civilization

132 Day 3- Mesopotamia (Honors)  1. What Famous Figure Worshipped Aryans? What Are They Really Known For?  2. Age In Which Sumerians Switched From Nomads to Farmers  3. What Mesopotamia Literally Means  4. What Did Sumerians Call The Pyramids Built to Honor Their gods?

133 Day 3- Mesopotamia  1. Group of Polytheistic, Partiers  2. THE Major City-State in Mesopotamia  3. “Land Between the (Tigris & Euphrates) Rivers” Means…  4. What Did Sumerians Consider the Afterlife to Be?

134 Day 4- Dawn of Civilizations (Honors)  1. Two Theories Why The Indus Valley People Disappeared  2. What Helped the Indus Valley People to Water Their Crops  3. What Change the Neolithic Revolution Brought  4. What Was Unique About the Phoenician Civilization?

135 Day 4- Dawn of Civilizations  1. One Theory As to Why The Indus Valley Disappeared  2. Animal Worshiped By Indus Valley Civilization  3. Term for How Civilizations Change  4. First People to Trade By Sea

136 Unit II Daily Quizzes

137 Day I-Hinduism (Honors)  1. What Two Cultures Combined to Create Hinduism?  2. What is the Force That Unites All the gods? What are the gods called?  3. What is the term for “living well leads to rebirth?”

138 Day I-Hinduism  1. What are the Sacred Texts?  2. What is a Hindus Goal in Life?  3. What Happens After You Die?

139 Day 2- Buddhism (Honors)  1. What Goal Does One Want to Reach in Buddhism?  2. What Three Things Are the Cause For All Suffering & Sorrow?  3. What Did Buddha Say One Should Always Follow?

140 Day 2- Buddhism  1. What Goal Does One Want to Reach in Buddhism?  2. What Must a Buddhist Follow?  3. Buddha Was Searching for a World…?

141 Day 3- Judaism  1. The Major Sacred Text of Judaism is…?  2. Name a Major Prophet of the Jews  3. Belief in One God is Called…?

142 Day 3- Judaism (Honors)  1. The 2 Sacred Texts? And How Are They Read?  2. Who Was the Father of Judaism and What is a Covenant?  3. What is the Problem Between Jews & Muslims?

143 Day 4- Christianity  1. Jewish Rabbi Who Was Called the Son of God…?  2. Why Did Christianity Grow Large?  3. Who are Two Major Figures in Christianity?

144 Day 6- Islam  1. Who was the Founder of Islam?  2. Name One of the Things a Muslim Can NOT Do  3. TRUE or FALSE: Muslims, Christians, & Jews All Worship the Same God

145 DAY 1- Egypt  1. What Types of People Participated in the Mummification Process?  2. Name the Two Types of Government We Said Egypt Has  3. What Did the Egyptians Use to Translate Languages


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