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Renaissance & Reformation (14-17 th Century) Unit 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Renaissance & Reformation (14-17 th Century) Unit 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Renaissance & Reformation (14-17 th Century) Unit 3

2 Part I The Authors

3 The Renaissance Period REBIRTH of a Focus on Arts and Culture REBIRTH of a Focus on Arts and Culture Mainly in Europe Mainly in Europe Inspired by the Ancient Greeks & Romans Inspired by the Ancient Greeks & Romans Medici Family Medici Family Wealthy Bankers Who Ran Italy & Supported Arts Wealthy Bankers Who Ran Italy & Supported Arts

4 Niccolo Machiavelli Italian Author of “The Prince” Italian Author of “The Prince” Believed a Ruler Must Be RUTHLESS Believed a Ruler Must Be RUTHLESS Gain Power By Any Means Necessary Gain Power By Any Means Necessary

5 William Shakespeare English Author of “Romeo & Juliet” & “Hamlet” English Author of “Romeo & Juliet” & “Hamlet” Wrote Over 37 Plays Wrote Over 37 Plays Famous for Comedies & Tragedies Famous for Comedies & Tragedies

6 Johannes Gutenberg German Inventor German Inventor Created The Printing Press Created The Printing Press Helped Increase Number of Books, Readers, & Ideas Helped Increase Number of Books, Readers, & Ideas

7 Machiavelli Debate Answer the Following Questions in 3/4 Sentences EACH Answer the Following Questions in 3/4 Sentences EACH 1. Was Machiavelli Right? Should A Leader Gain Power By Any Means Necessary? Why or Why Not? 1. Was Machiavelli Right? Should A Leader Gain Power By Any Means Necessary? Why or Why Not? 2. Is It Better to be Feared Than Loved? Why? 2. Is It Better to be Feared Than Loved? Why? 3. Can You Name Any Leader Who Ruled Like Machiavelli Suggested? Was It Effective For Them? 3. Can You Name Any Leader Who Ruled Like Machiavelli Suggested? Was It Effective For Them? Trade Your Papers; Another Person Must Respond to Each One Of Your Answers Saying Whether They Agree With You Or Not And Why (2 sentences) Trade Your Papers; Another Person Must Respond to Each One Of Your Answers Saying Whether They Agree With You Or Not And Why (2 sentences)

8 Part II The Artists

9 Leonardo Da Vinci Painter and Inventor Painter and Inventor Vegetarian, Very Private Life Vegetarian, Very Private Life What is MOST Interesting About This? What is MOST Interesting About This? Created the Mona Lisa & Last Supper Created the Mona Lisa & Last Supper

10 The Last Supper

11 The Mona Lisa

12 Michelangelo Painter & Sculptor Painter & Sculptor Arrogant, Loved “Male Beauty” Arrogant, Loved “Male Beauty” What Does This Imply? What Does This Imply? Sculpted the David & Ceiling of Sistine Chapel Sculpted the David & Ceiling of Sistine Chapel

13 The Sistine Chapel

14 The Statute of David

15 Raphael Painter & Architect Painter & Architect Died After a LONG Night of Partying Died After a LONG Night of Partying What Happened? What Happened? Created “The School of Athens” and Called Himself One of Histories Greatest Minds Created “The School of Athens” and Called Himself One of Histories Greatest Minds

16 The School of Athens

17 Donatello Sculptor & Artist Sculptor & Artist Discovered, Worked As Goldsmith Discovered, Worked As Goldsmith What Was This? What Was This? Created statues; perspective illusionists Created statues; perspective illusionists

18 Donatello’s Statutes

19 Other Renaissance Artists/Authors Botechelli (Italy) Botechelli (Italy) Dante (Italy) Dante (Italy) Van Eyck (Belgium) Van Eyck (Belgium)

20 Art of The Renaissance Analysis Groups Groups Use Paper and Describe in a Sentence/Two Bullet Points Each : Use Paper and Describe in a Sentence/Two Bullet Points Each : Describe The People In Picture/Expressions Describe The People In Picture/Expressions What You Think May Be Happening? What You Think May Be Happening? What Is Going On In The Backgrounds? What Is Going On In The Backgrounds? Anything That Stands Out That Is Interesting/Strange Anything That Stands Out That Is Interesting/Strange Put Check Mark If You Come To The Same Conclusion for More Than One Put Check Mark If You Come To The Same Conclusion for More Than One

21 Renaissance Authors & Artists Chart NameCountry Major Accomplishment Interesting Fact

22 Renaissance Man Twitter Page Create a Paper Twitter Account on a Renaissance men (Da Vinci, Machiavelli, Gutenberg, Raphael, Michelangelo, etc.) Your Account must include the following information: Person’s Name (plus Their Twitter Handle/Name) Location Bio Explaining Who They Are & Listing 2 Major Contributions 2 Followers (Who May Have They been Friends With Anytime In History) 2 Tweets That Represent Some Of Their Views or Feelings on Certain Things

23 Essential Questions How is art an expression of the events and culture of a civilization throughout history?

24 Essential Questions What role should religion play in politics?

25 Part III The Protestant Reformation

26 The Reason for Reformation Catholic Church was Mistreating of Members Catholic Church was Mistreating of Members Wars, Money, Etc Wars, Money, Etc Indulgences Indulgences Fees to Get Rid of Sins Fees to Get Rid of Sins Priest Charged Money for Forgiveness of Sins Priest Charged Money for Forgiveness of Sins

27 Martin Luther Founder of Protestant Reformation Founder of Protestant Reformation -Lutheran Church -Lutheran Church Salvation Through ONLY Belief and Faith in God, Not Doing Good Things Salvation Through ONLY Belief and Faith in God, Not Doing Good Things Edict of Worms Edict of Worms Luther Defended Beliefs Against Church Luther Defended Beliefs Against Church

28 Luther’s 95 Thesis Nailed 95 Thesis on How to Change the Church ON a Church Nailed 95 Thesis on How to Change the Church ON a Church Goals Goals Printed Bible for Everyone Printed Bible for Everyone Wanted Priests to Marry Wanted Priests to Marry No INDULGENCES No INDULGENCES

29 John Calvin French Founder of Calvinism - Presbyterians French Founder of Calvinism - Presbyterians Believed in PREDESTINATION Believed in PREDESTINATION Your Fate is Determined Before You Are Born Your Fate is Determined Before You Are Born People Are NOT Saved by Belief or Acts, But God’s Mercy People Are NOT Saved by Belief or Acts, But God’s Mercy

30 King Henry VIII English King English King Anglican Church Anglican Church Left Catholic Church b/c it Wouldn’t Let Him Divorce Left Catholic Church b/c it Wouldn’t Let Him Divorce Executed Any Catholics in England Executed Any Catholics in England

31 Counter-Reformation Catholic Attempt to Stop Losing Members Catholic Attempt to Stop Losing Members Council of Trent Council of Trent Decide no more indulgences Decide no more indulgences More freedom More freedom

32 99 Problems But The ____ Aint One Write Down 5 Problems Your Group Has With Knightdale and/or Wake County Schools Include WHAT The Problem Is, WHY It Is a Problem, HOW It Should Change

33 The Scientific Revolution

34 Science Over Religion Came AFTER Catholics Counter-Reformation Came AFTER Catholics Counter-Reformation NOT a Change But an Overthrow of Religion NOT a Change But an Overthrow of Religion HUMANISM HUMANISM Focus on Individual Focus on Individual Seek Answers For Yourself NOT God Seek Answers For Yourself NOT God

35 Astronomers Galileo Galileo Astronomy Astronomy Created Telescope Created Telescope Copernicus Copernicus Heliocentric (Sun-Centered Universe) Heliocentric (Sun-Centered Universe)

36 Geocentric (Earth-Centered) Catholic

37 Heliocentric (Sun-Centered) Scientific

38 Scientists Isaac Newton Isaac Newton GRAVITY GRAVITY Frances Bacon Frances Bacon Scientific Method Scientific Method Rene Descartes Rene Descartes Geometry Geometry

39 Other Discoveries Kepler Kepler Planetary Motion Planetary Motion Leeuwenhoek Leeuwenhoek Microscopes Microscopes Harvey Harvey Blood Circulation Blood Circulation

40 Non-Christian Reformers Accused of Being Witches & Worshiping the Devil Accused of Being Witches & Worshiping the Devil BURNT at the Stake by Church BURNT at the Stake by Church

41 Essential Questions How did Europe change politically, socially, economically during the Renaissance?

42 English Wars During Renaissance

43 English Civil War Cavaliers Cavaliers Supported the King Supported the King Roundheads Roundheads Support Parliament (Representatives) Support Parliament (Representatives) Less Power for King Charles Less Power for King Charles

44 Fall of Monarchs Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell Took Power from King Charles I Took Power from King Charles I Tried & Executed Charles for Crimes Against People Tried & Executed Charles for Crimes Against People William & Mary William & Mary Replace James I During the Glorious Revolution Replace James I During the Glorious Revolution Given power by Parliament Given power by Parliament

45 English Bill of Rights Limit King’s Power; Power to People Limit King’s Power; Power to People Just Like…? Just Like…? NEW Rights: NEW Rights: Trial by Jury Trial by Jury No Cruel & Unusual Punishments No Cruel & Unusual Punishments Habeas Corpus Habeas Corpus Monarch CANNOT be Catholic Monarch CANNOT be Catholic

46 Thirty Years War War Started by Fight b/t German Protestants & Catholics War Started by Fight b/t German Protestants & Catholics NEW Powers Emerge NEW Powers Emerge Austria & Prussia Austria & Prussia


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