Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance AKS 38 Ch. 17. EQ What is the Renaissance and what brought about this change? What were the impacts of the Renaissance and how does it."— Presentation transcript:
The Renaissance AKS 38 Ch. 17
EQ What is the Renaissance and what brought about this change? What were the impacts of the Renaissance and how does it still resonate today?
What differences do you notice between Medieval art/architecture versus Renaissance art/architecture?
Art and Architecture from the Medieval Period
Renaissance Art and Architecture
What was the Renaissance? Period following the middle ages (1450- 1550) “Rebirth” of classical Greece and Rome Began in Italy Moved to northern Europe
Objectives During the middle ages –Find God –Prove pre-conceived ideas During the Renaissance –Find man –Promote learning
Humanism Pursuit of individualism –Recognition that humans are creative –Appreciation of art as a product of man Basic culture needed for all Life could be enjoyable Love of the classical past - ruins The spirit of the Renaissance was secular… meaning wordly as opposed to related to God and church
Causes of the Renaissance Lessening of feudalism –Church disrespected – why? –Nobility in chaos –Growth of Middle/Merchant Class through trade – why? Fall of Constantinople –Greek scholars fled to Italy Education – Universities? What about it? Nostalgia among the Italians to recapture the glory of the Roman empire
Italian Background Florence Italy –Medici's—family of physicians –Money in banking –Financed wool trade –Became defacto rulers of Florence
Review What did we learn about in the last unit that created growth in trade and populations (especially in towns/cities)? What was the Renaissance? What cultures did people look to for inspiration? What was humanism? What were some of the causes of the Renaissance?
The “Renaissance Man” Artist Musician Writer Educated Swordsman
Art Artists Michelangelo Leonardo Da Vinci Donatello Raphael Techniques Realism Perspective Focus on human form and beauty
Writers Petrarch Machiavelli Dante Erasmus Objectives Wrote in Vernacular, or native language rather than Latin Wrote for self-expression or to portray individuality
Petrarch Father of Renaissance Humanism Wrote 14-line poems (sonnets) Wrote in vernacular and in Latin “Love is the crowning grace of humanity.” Petrarch Petrarch –How does this quote differ from what would have written during the medieval period?
Dante Like other humanists, he emphasized the virtues of intellectual freedom and individual expression "There is no greater sorrow Than to recall a happy time When miserable." — DanteDante
Machiavelli Historian and political thinker In The Prince, he examines the imperfect nature of humans “It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both. “ Niccolo Machiavelli Niccolo Machiavelli
Summary 3 -key ideas you think are most important 2 -things you need to study or learn more about 1 -question you have
The Northern Renaissance What two countries were engaged in war for over 100 years? What do you think happened when this war came to an end along with the Bubonic Plague?
EQ What was the Northern Renaissance? What were the immediate and long-term effects of the Renaissance?
The Age of Elizabeth
Shakespeare William Shakespeare –Regarded as the greatest poet of all time –Drew inspiration from the Classics –Revealed the souls of men and women through dramatic conflict
Christian Humanists Erasmus –Wrote The Praise of Folly –Believed in Christianity of the heart rather than a focus on ceremonies What do we call the ceremonies in the Catholic Church?
Before we watch the video, think about the most revolutionary invention of your lifetime. How has it changed the way we live?
Johann Gutenberg Invented the printing press First book was…. Take a guess? –The Bible Produced books quickly and cheaply This had a profound effect on Europe –What do you think that effect was?
What were the effects of the printing press?
The Legacy of the Renaissance Art Realism Classical Techniques –What does that mean? Secular works –What does that mean? Vernacular Language –What does that mean? Society More information available Learning Discoveries, maps, charts –Where did this lead? Legal documents were published –What did this do? People began to question political and religious structures
The Legacy of the Renaissance What are the effects of the Renaissance that we still feel today?
Summarize what we have learned about the Renaissance in one word!
The Protestant Reformation AKS 38
EQ What were the causes and effects of the Reformation Who was Martin Luther and John Calvin, and what were their contributions to the Reformation?
Setting the Stage/Review What was the predominate religion in Europe discussed thus far in the course? What was the primary focus of the Catholic Church?
The Protestant Reformation What is the root word of “protestant?” What is the root word of “reformation?”
With an elbow partner… In 3 minutes…. –Name as many things we have discussed that have weakened the Catholic Church in Europe GO!
Causes of the Reformation
Martin Luther (1483-1546) Protested Indulgences –Indulgences are pardons for sins given by the Church What journey might a knight have taken in the Medieval period to receive an indulgence? Martin Luther wanted to reform the church –Reformation
Martin Luther’s Teachings The main ideas of Lutheranism –God only could grant salvation Who did Catholics at the time think could grant it? –Teachings should be clearly based on the Bible –All people with faith were equal What did this say about the divine right of kings?
What do you think the Pope’s reaction was?
Protestants What are some of the Protestant denominations around today? –Lutheran –Baptist –Methodists –Many more….
Review What were some of the causes of the Protestant Reformation? What were Martin Luther’s teachings?
Divisions of Christianity
Try and find the answer to these ?’s in the vid! Why did Henry want to have his marriage annulled with Catherine of Aragon? What happened to Anne Boleyn? What did Henry’s daughter Mary do when she became Queen? What did Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I do when she became Queen?
The English Reformation The Real Henry VIIIHollywood’s Henry VIII
Review Why did Henry want to have his marriage annulled with Catherine of Aragon? What happened to Anne Boleyn? What did Henry’s daughter Mary do when she became Queen? What did Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I do when she became Queen?
The Anglican Church Protestant church created by Elizabeth
John Calvin Protestant Reformer in Switzerland Taught the Doctrine of Predestination –The belief that God has already decided who goes to heaven (salvation) John Calvin's teachings are collectively called Calvinism LOOKING AHEAD: The Puritans were Calvinists –Who were the Puritans?
The Reformation Counter What does “counter” mean? Also called the Catholic Reformation –Reform in the Catholic Church The Jesuits –Members of the “Society of Jesus” Three Goals –1. Founded Schools –2. Converted non-Christians –3. Stop Protestanism
The Council of Trent The Churches interpretation of the Bible was final Christians needed faith and good deeds to be saved, not just faith alone (as who taught?) The Bible and Church tradition were equal Indulgences were valid but could not be sold
Impact of the Reformation Catholic Church became more unified Learning increased As Catholic power continued to decrease, individual monarchs and nation-states gained power Questioning beliefs and authority would lead to the Enlightenment –What does the word enlightenment bring to mind?
Review Exit ticket! –Answer any three! What is humanism? What were the teachings of Martin Luther? What was the Anglican Church? What were three goals of the Jesuits? Name two results from the Council of Trent. What was one significant difference between the Renaissance period and the Medieval Period?
Before modern science, how do you think people used to explain the world around us?
The Scientific Revolution A new way of thinking about the natural world –Observation –Willingness to question accepted beliefs
The Scientific Revolution Medieval View Geocentric –What does this mean? After Revolution Heliocentric –What does this mean?
Copernicus Reasoned that the earth, the stars, and other planets revolved around the sun –Was he completely correct?
Kepler Mathematician Used math the determine that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical patterns
Galileo Astronomer –What does an astronomer study? Jupiter had 4 moons and the sun had spots Stood trial in front of the Inquisition and renounced the ideas of Copernicus Lived under house arrest until his death
Scientific Method New approach to science Question/HypothesisExperiment Analyze/Interpret Data
Sir Isaac Newton Law of Gravity explained how the same physical laws governed motion both on earth and in the rest of the universe
Review What was the scientific revolution? How did it differ from previous views on the natural world? What was the significance of Copernicus’ theories? Galileo? Kepler? Newton? What is the Scientific Method? How did it differ from “old science?”