11 What was the Renaissance? Period following the middle ages ( )“Rebirth” of classical Greece and RomeBegan in ItalyMoved to northern Europe
12 Objectives During the middle ages During the Renaissance Find God Prove pre-conceived ideasDuring the RenaissanceFind manPromote learning
13 Humanism Pursuit of individualism Basic culture needed for all Recognition that humans are creativeAppreciation of art as a product of manBasic culture needed for allLife could be enjoyableLove of the classical past - ruinsThe spirit of the Renaissance was secular… meaning wordly as opposed to related to God and church
14 Causes of the Renaissance Lessening of feudalismChurch disrespected – why?Nobility in chaosGrowth of Middle/Merchant Class through trade – why?Fall of ConstantinopleGreek scholars fled to ItalyEducation – Universities? What about it?Nostalgia among the Italians to recapture the glory of the Roman empire
15 Italian Background Florence Italy Medici's—family of physicians Money in bankingFinanced wool tradeBecame defacto rulers of Florence
16 ReviewWhat did we learn about in the last unit that created growth in trade and populations (especially in towns/cities)?What was the Renaissance?What cultures did people look to for inspiration?What was humanism?What were some of the causes of the Renaissance?
17 The “Renaissance Man”ArtistMusicianWriterEducatedSwordsman
18 Art Artists Techniques Michelangelo Leonardo Da Vinci Donatello RaphaelRealismPerspectiveFocus on human form and beauty
21 Writers Writers Objectives Petrarch Machiavelli Dante Erasmus Wrote in Vernacular , or native language rather than LatinWrote for self-expression or to portray individuality
22 Petrarch Father of Renaissance Humanism Wrote 14-line poems (sonnets) Wrote in vernacular and in Latin“Love is the crowning grace of humanity.” PetrarchHow does this quote differ from what would have written during the medieval period?
23 DanteLike other humanists, he emphasized the virtues of intellectual freedom and individual expression"There is no greater sorrow Than to recall a happy time When miserable." — Dante
24 Machiavelli Historian and political thinker In The Prince, he examines the imperfect nature of humans“It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both. “ Niccolo Machiavelli
25 Summary 3 - key ideas you think are most important 2 - things you need to study or learn more about1 - question you have
26 The Northern Renaissance What two countries were engaged in war for over 100 years?What do you think happened when this war came to an end along with the Bubonic Plague?
27 EQ What was the Northern Renaissance? What were the immediate and long-term effects of the Renaissance?
34 The Legacy of the Renaissance ArtSocietyRealismClassical TechniquesWhat does that mean?Secular worksVernacular LanguageMore information availableLearningDiscoveries, maps, chartsWhere did this lead?Legal documents were publishedWhat did this do?People began to question political and religious structures
35 The Legacy of the Renaissance What are the effects of the Renaissance that we still feel today?
36 Summarize what we have learned about the Renaissance in one word!
43 Martin Luther (1483-1546) Protested Indulgences Indulgences are pardons for sins given by the ChurchWhat journey might a knight have taken in the Medieval period to receive an indulgence?Martin Luther wanted to reform the churchReformation
44 Martin Luther’s Teachings The main ideas of LutheranismGod only could grant salvationWho did Catholics at the time think could grant it?Teachings should be clearly based on the BibleAll people with faith were equalWhat did this say about the divine right of kings?
49 Try and find the answer to these ?’s in the vid! Why did Henry want to have his marriage annulled with Catherine of Aragon?What happened to Anne Boleyn?What did Henry’s daughter Mary do when she became Queen?What did Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I do when she became Queen?
50 The English Reformation The Real Henry VIIIHollywood’s Henry VIII
51 ReviewWhy did Henry want to have his marriage annulled with Catherine of Aragon?What happened to Anne Boleyn?What did Henry’s daughter Mary do when she became Queen?What did Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I do when she became Queen?
52 The Anglican ChurchProtestant church created by Elizabeth
53 John Calvin Protestant Reformer in Switzerland Taught the Doctrine of PredestinationThe belief that God has already decided who goes to heaven (salvation)John Calvin's teachings are collectively called CalvinismLOOKING AHEAD: The Puritans were CalvinistsWho were the Puritans?
54 The Reformation Counter What does “counter” mean?Also called the Catholic ReformationReform in the Catholic ChurchThe JesuitsMembers of the “Society of Jesus”Three Goals1. Founded Schools2. Converted non-Christians3. Stop Protestanism
55 The Council of TrentThe Churches interpretation of the Bible was finalChristians needed faith and good deeds to be saved, not just faith alone (as who taught?)The Bible and Church tradition were equalIndulgences were valid but could not be sold
56 Impact of the Reformation Catholic Church became more unifiedLearning increasedAs Catholic power continued to decrease, individual monarchs and nation-states gained powerQuestioning beliefs and authority would lead to the EnlightenmentWhat does the word enlightenment bring to mind?
57 Review Exit ticket! Answer any three! What is humanism? What were the teachings of Martin Luther?What was the Anglican Church?What were three goals of the Jesuits?Name two results from the Council of Trent.What was one significant difference between the Renaissance period and the Medieval Period?
58 Before modern science, how do you think people used to explain the world around us?
59 The Scientific Revolution A new way of thinking about the natural worldObservationWillingness to question accepted beliefs
60 The Scientific Revolution Medieval ViewAfter RevolutionGeocentricWhat does this mean?HeliocentricWhat does this mean?
63 CopernicusReasoned that the earth, the stars, and other planets revolved around the sunWas he completely correct?
64 KeplerMathematicianUsed math the determine that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical patterns
65 Galileo Astronomer Jupiter had 4 moons and the sun had spots What does an astronomer study?Jupiter had 4 moons and the sun had spotsStood trial in front of the Inquisition and renounced the ideas of CopernicusLived under house arrest until his death
66 Analyze/Interpret Data Scientific MethodNew approach to scienceQuestion/HypothesisExperimentAnalyze/Interpret Data
68 Sir Isaac NewtonLaw of Gravity explained how the same physical laws governed motion both on earth and in the rest of the universe
69 Review What was the scientific revolution? How did it differ from previous views on the natural world?What was the significance of Copernicus’ theories? Galileo? Kepler? Newton?What is the Scientific Method? How did it differ from “old science?”