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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 1 Japan and the Koreas Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: The History and Culture of Japan.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 1 Japan and the Koreas Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: The History and Culture of Japan."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 1 Japan and the Koreas Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: The History and Culture of Japan Section 3: Japan Today Section 4: The History and Culture of the Koreas Section 5: South and North Korea Today CHAPTER 28

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 2 Objectives: What are the physical features of Japan and the Koreas? What are the physical features of Japan and the Koreas? What natural resources does the region have? What natural resources does the region have? Which climate types are found in the region? Which climate types are found in the region? Section 1 Physical Geography

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 3 Physical features of Japan and the Koreas: The Koreas are located on a peninsula. The Koreas are located on a peninsula. Japan’s four home islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Japan’s four home islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Mountains dominate the region. The Japanese Alps are the longest range. Mountains dominate the region. The Japanese Alps are the longest range. There are plains along the coasts and river valleys. There are plains along the coasts and river valleys. Japan lies along the Ring of Fire. Japan lies along the Ring of Fire. Section 1 Physical Geography

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 4 The Region’s Natural Resources Korea’s mountainous terrain and rivers are good for producing hydroelectricity. Korea’s mountainous terrain and rivers are good for producing hydroelectricity. North Korea has iron ore, copper, zinc, lead, and coal. North Korea has iron ore, copper, zinc, lead, and coal. The Oyashio Current and the Japan Current create Japan’s superior fisheries. The Oyashio Current and the Japan Current create Japan’s superior fisheries. Section 1 Physical Geography

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 5 Climate types of Japan and the Koreas: Humid continental—Hokkaido, northern Honshu, and the northern Korean Peninsula Humid continental—Hokkaido, northern Honshu, and the northern Korean Peninsula Humid subtropical—southern Japan and the rest of the Korean Peninsula Humid subtropical—southern Japan and the rest of the Korean Peninsula Section 1 Physical Geography

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 6 Objectives: What was Japan’s early history and culture like? What was Japan’s early history and culture like? How did the modernization of Japan take place? How did the modernization of Japan take place? Section 2 The History and Culture of Japan

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 7 Japan’s early history and culture: 300 B.C.—Rice farming is introduced; irrigation becomes important for political power. 300 B.C.—Rice farming is introduced; irrigation becomes important for political power. Shintoism is the first religion to develop. Buddhism and Confucianism follow from China. Shintoism is the first religion to develop. Buddhism and Confucianism follow from China. A.D. 700—Feudal political system develops; samurai warriors serve the lords; shoguns are named by the emperor. A.D. 700—Feudal political system develops; samurai warriors serve the lords; shoguns are named by the emperor. Section 2 The History and Culture of Japan

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 8 Japan’s early history and culture: (continued) Japan’s early history and culture: 1200s—Mongols invade and the feudal domains unite against them. 1200s—Mongols invade and the feudal domains unite against them. 1500s—Portuguese traders arrive followed by Spanish missionaries. 1500s—Portuguese traders arrive followed by Spanish missionaries. Europeans are banished and Japan remains isolated until the mid-1850s. Europeans are banished and Japan remains isolated until the mid-1850s. Section 2 The History and Culture of Japan

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 9 The modernization of Japan: 1853—Matthew Perry’s warships sail into Tokyo Bay. 1853—Matthew Perry’s warships sail into Tokyo Bay. 1860s—Japan begins industrializing and modernizing. 1860s—Japan begins industrializing and modernizing. Japan expands; annexes Korea in 1910; takes over northeast China and Asian territories through the 1930s. Japan expands; annexes Korea in 1910; takes over northeast China and Asian territories through the 1930s. Japan loses its power with its defeat in World War II. Japan loses its power with its defeat in World War II. The United States occupies Japan until 1952, helping it rebuild and become a major industrial power. A democratic constitutional monarchy is established. The United States occupies Japan until 1952, helping it rebuild and become a major industrial power. A democratic constitutional monarchy is established. Section 2 The History and Culture of Japan

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 10 Objectives: Where do most Japanese live? Where do most Japanese live? What are the major Japanese cities like? What are the major Japanese cities like? What is life in Japan like? What is life in Japan like? How has the Japanese economy developed? How has the Japanese economy developed? Section 3 Japan Today

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 11 Japan has very little arable land on which people can live. Most people live on the small coastal plains. Most people live on the small coastal plains. Japan has reclaimed land from the sea and the rivers with dikes. Japan has reclaimed land from the sea and the rivers with dikes. The airport near Osaka is built on an artificial island. The airport near Osaka is built on an artificial island. Section 3 Japan Today

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 12 Major Japanese cities are busy, noisy, and very densely populated. The Tokyo megalopolis has almost 30 million people. The Tokyo megalopolis has almost 30 million people. Tokyo is the capital and center of government. Tokyo is the capital and center of government. Land is scarce and real estate prices are among the highest in the world. Land is scarce and real estate prices are among the highest in the world. Ginza is the largest shopping district in the world. Ginza is the largest shopping district in the world. Section 3 Japan Today

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 13 Major Japanese cities are busy, noisy, and very densely populated. Major Japanese cities are busy, noisy, and very densely populated. (continued) Yokohama is Japan’s major seaport. Yokohama is Japan’s major seaport. Osaka, Kyoto, and Kobe form another major megalopolis. Osaka, Kyoto, and Kobe form another major megalopolis. Section 3 Japan Today

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 14 Life in Japan Japan is ethnically homogenous. Japan is ethnically homogenous. The culture is traditionally male dominated. The culture is traditionally male dominated. Most people live in the suburbs and have long commutes to work. Most people live in the suburbs and have long commutes to work. Land is very scarce and homes are small. Land is very scarce and homes are small. Traditional arts include tea ceremonies, flower arranging, bonsai trees, and kite flying. Traditional arts include tea ceremonies, flower arranging, bonsai trees, and kite flying. Section 3 Japan Today

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 15 The Japanese economy: Japan has the world’s largest fishing industry. Japan has the world’s largest fishing industry. Most raw materials must be imported. Most raw materials must be imported. Agriculture is centered on Honshu and farms practice intensive cultivation. Agriculture is centered on Honshu and farms practice intensive cultivation. Foreign investments have influenced Japan’s industry and economy. Foreign investments have influenced Japan’s industry and economy. Protectionism has created Japan’s huge trade surplus. Protectionism has created Japan’s huge trade surplus. Section 3 Japan Today

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 16 Objectives: What was Korea’s ancient history like? What was Korea’s ancient history like? What were the major events of Korea’s early modern period? What were the major events of Korea’s early modern period? Why was Korea divided after World War II, and what were the effects of the division? Why was Korea divided after World War II, and what were the effects of the division? Section 4 The History and Culture of the Koreas

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 17 Korea’s ancient history: 1500 B.C.—Nomadic hunters adopt rice farming from China B.C.—Nomadic hunters adopt rice farming from China. 108 B.C.—The Chinese invade and begin to influence culture. 108 B.C.—The Chinese invade and begin to influence culture. Korean shamanism is practiced with Chinese Buddhism and Confucianism. Korean shamanism is practiced with Chinese Buddhism and Confucianism. Korean tribes gradually recapture the peninsula. Korean tribes gradually recapture the peninsula. Section 4 The History and Culture of the Koreas

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 18 Korea’s ancient history: Korea’s ancient history: (continued) A.D. 600—Kingdom of Silla unites the peninsula and Korea’s Golden Age begins. A.D. 600—Kingdom of Silla unites the peninsula and Korea’s Golden Age begins. Early 900s—The Koryo dynasty rules; artisans invent the first movable metal type. Early 900s—The Koryo dynasty rules; artisans invent the first movable metal type. 1446—Hangul alphabet officially adopted. 1446—Hangul alphabet officially adopted. Section 4 The History and Culture of the Koreas

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 19 Important events of Korea’s early modern period: 1600s—Under Chinese rule, isolated Korea becomes known as the Hermit Kingdom. 1600s—Under Chinese rule, isolated Korea becomes known as the Hermit Kingdom. Chinese missionaries introduce Christianity; Christians were sometimes persecuted. Chinese missionaries introduce Christianity; Christians were sometimes persecuted. Mid-1890s—Japan defeats China in the Sino-Japanese War. Mid-1890s—Japan defeats China in the Sino-Japanese War. 1910—Japan annexes Korea and becomes a harsh ruler until after World War II. 1910—Japan annexes Korea and becomes a harsh ruler until after World War II. Section 4 The History and Culture of the Koreas

20 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 20 Korea was divided after World War II. U.S. and Soviet troops oversaw the division but could not agree on a plan to unite North and South Korea. U.S. and Soviet troops oversaw the division but could not agree on a plan to unite North and South Korea. 1948—The Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea were officially created. 1948—The Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea were officially created. 1950—North Korea invades South Korea and the Korean War is fought until —North Korea invades South Korea and the Korean War is fought until The demilitarized zone is the most heavily guarded border in the world. The demilitarized zone is the most heavily guarded border in the world. Section 4 The History and Culture of the Koreas

21 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 21 Objectives: What are South Korea’s government and society like? What are South Korea’s government and society like? What is South Korea’s economy like? What is South Korea’s economy like? What is North Korea like? What is North Korea like? How has North Korea’s government affected the country’s development? How has North Korea’s government affected the country’s development? Section 5 South and North Korea Today

22 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 22 South Korea’s government and society: Seoul is the capital and the center of government, economy, and education. Seoul is the capital and the center of government, economy, and education. Industrial waste, air pollution, and overcrowding are problems. Industrial waste, air pollution, and overcrowding are problems. Ruled by dictators until the 1980s, South Korea now has a multiparty democratic government. Ruled by dictators until the 1980s, South Korea now has a multiparty democratic government. Section 5 South and North Korea Today

23 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 23 South Korea’s government and society: (continued) South Korea’s government and society: The population is homogenous, and Christianity is the dominant religion. The population is homogenous, and Christianity is the dominant religion. Sons are valued so they can carry on the family name and honor ancestors. Sons are valued so they can carry on the family name and honor ancestors. Confucian values are followed, and shamans still offer advice. Confucian values are followed, and shamans still offer advice. Section 5 South and North Korea Today

24 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 24 South Korea’s economy: One of the strongest in Asia by the 1990s One of the strongest in Asia by the 1990s Families form entrepreneurial businesses and chaebol. Families form entrepreneurial businesses and chaebol. Nuclear power and technology are encouraged by the government. Nuclear power and technology are encouraged by the government. Industries include shipbuilding, steel, automobiles, and textiles. Industries include shipbuilding, steel, automobiles, and textiles. Agriculture is limited and farms are small. Agriculture is limited and farms are small. Section 5 South and North Korea Today

25 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 25 North Korea The government is controlled by the Communist Party. The government is controlled by the Communist Party. The population is homogenous but not as densely populated as South Korea’s. The population is homogenous but not as densely populated as South Korea’s. The capital of P’yongyang has a population of about 2.6 million and has the country’s only university. The capital of P’yongyang has a population of about 2.6 million and has the country’s only university. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, North Korea has been largely isolated from the world. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, North Korea has been largely isolated from the world. North Korea has been developing nuclear weapons since the 1990s. North Korea has been developing nuclear weapons since the 1990s. Section 5 South and North Korea Today

26 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 26 North Korea’s government and development: North Korea has a command economy. North Korea has a command economy. The government owns all land and housing and controls job access. The government owns all land and housing and controls job access. The country cannot produce enough food and lost its main source of aid with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Famine in the 1990s killed thousands. The country cannot produce enough food and lost its main source of aid with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Famine in the 1990s killed thousands. Outdated technology and poor relations with the west contribute to lagging industry and economy. Outdated technology and poor relations with the west contribute to lagging industry and economy. Section 5 South and North Korea Today


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