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11 The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1 22 33 At the end of World War II…

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Presentation on theme: "11 The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1 22 33 At the end of World War II…"— Presentation transcript:

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2 11 The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1

3 22

4 33 At the end of World War II…

5 44 …the world was in ruins.

6 55 People wanted peace… …and needed the world put back together again.

7 66 But there were only two countries with the power to rebuild the world: The United StatesandThe Soviet Union And, they were total opposites.

8 77 The United States wanted the world to have democracy and capitalism, like itself.

9 88 But the Soviet Union wanted neither democracy or capitalism…

10 99 But the Soviet Union wanted neither democracy nor capitalism… …they wanted autocracy and communism.

11 10 The competition became known as the “Cold War”… …and it split the industrialized world in two.

12 11 For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …China’s communist revolution…

13 12 For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the creation of Hydrogen Bombs…

14 13 For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the Korean War…

15 14 For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the Cuban Missile Crisis…

16 15 For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the exploration of space…

17 16 …the Vietnam War. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over…

18 17

19 18 QW What does playing with an atomic bomb toy say about a culture? 2 Min.

20 19 The Cold War US vs Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

21 20 Define Cold War The strategic and political struggle that developed after WWII between the United States and it’s Western European allies and the Soviet Union and Eastern European allies Democracy vs. Communism

22 21 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who were the cold war superpowers?

23 22 The Cold War Threat of the spread of Communism led to policy of containment US declared to take what ever economic and military means necessary to stop the spread of communism

24 23 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Policy to stop the spread of communism?

25 24 Two sides of Cold War NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization USA, France, Great Britain, West Germany CAPITALISMCAPITALISM Warsaw Pact – pro Soviet countries – USSR, and all countries controlled by the USSR. COMMUNISM

26 25 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)  United States  Belgium  Britain  Canada  Denmark  France  Iceland  Italy  Luxemburg  Netherlands  Norway  Portugal  1952: Greece & Turkey  1955: West Germany  1983: Spain

27 26 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Principle power of NATO?

28 27 Warsaw Pact (1955) }U. S. S. R. }Albania }Bulgaria }Czechoslovakia }East Germany }Hungary }Poland }Rumania

29 28

30 29 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Principle power of the Warsaw pact?

31 30 NATO vs. Warsaw Pact

32 31 Yalta Feb 1945 Big Three o FDR o Churchill o Stalin Agreement to govern Germany jointly

33 32 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Where did the big three meet to divide G...

34 33

35 34

36 35 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The big three divided Germany into ___ s...

37 36 Iron Curtain – A term used by Winston Churchill to describe the separating of Those communist lands of East Europe from the West.

38 37 The “Iron Curtain” From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe. -- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946 Link

39 38 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who coined the term Iron Curtain?

40 39 The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961) Checkpoint Charlie

41 40 Berlin Wall Berlin is Germany’s capital city. The Soviets built the wall to keep communists from escaping to the American sector.

42 41 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who built the wall that divided Berlin?

43 42 Berlin Wall

44 43

45 44 LinkLink Berlin wall interactive

46 45

47 46 QW What does it say about a country if you have to build a wall to keep your people IN? 2 Min.

48 47 Wall torn down in 1989.

49 Prague Spring On January 5, reformer Alexander Dubcek came to power, pledging reforms and democratization The Prague Spring movement swept across the country. Soviet and Warsaw Pact leaders sent 650,000 troops in August.

50 49 “Prague Spring” Crushed! Dubcek arrested and hard-liners restored to power. Dissidents/playwrights arrested [like Vaclav Havel—future president of a free Czech Republic].Dissidents/playwrights arrested [like Vaclav Havel—future president of a free Czech Republic].

51 50 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What happened to the Prague Spring?

52 51

53 52 USSR’s First Atomic Test }The Soviet Union exploded its first A- bomb in }Now there were two nuclear superpowers!

54 53 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: When did the Soviets explode their first...

55 54 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Spies contributed to the quick Soviet bo...

56 55

57 56 Soviet Nuclear Missile Target Sites

58 57 What would have happened if the Soviets ever decided to expand into Western Europe? …And it would not have stopped there -

59 58 What would happen if we ever fought the Soviets Directly? Lets nuke Modesto and see what would happen…

60 59 US Test Hydrogen Bomb times more powerful than the Hiroshima atomic bomb Set off on Bikini Island in the Marshall Islands

61 60

62 61

63 62

64 63 Note the crater

65 64 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Where did we vaporize an island to test...

66 65 LinkLink Bikini atoll and nuke testing7:27

67 66 Doctrine of First Use US stockpiled nuclear weapons in order to initiate nuclear bombing whenever enemy forces threatened America

68 67 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Threatening the use of nuclear weapons w...

69 68 Less money than a large army More money for atomic weapons of all kinds. From 1,000 to18,000 bombs by 1961 Fighting small wars to stop the spread of Communism was too expensive (like Korea) Instead threaten to use nuclear weapons, this policy is called Massive Retaliation

70 69

71 70

72 71 National Defense Budget [ ]

73 72 Nuclear Missiles!

74 73 SALT and START SALT – Strategic Arms Limitation Talks START – Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty A series of treaties from 1972 to 1991 Limited nuclear weapons

75 74 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What happened to nuclear weapons as a re...

76 75 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What happened to nuclear weapons as a re...

77 76 SALT I TREATY

78 Castro takes power January 1, 1959 leftist forces under Fidel Castro overthrow Batista

79 78 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who led the leftists in Cuba?

80 79 Embargoes Refusing to trade or aid countries in order to punish them

81 80 Cuba embargo Still today, the USA has an economic embargo on communist Cuba.

82 81

83 82

84 83 Bay of Pigs

85 84 Bay of Pigs The CIA trained and funded an invasion of communist Cuba. The invasion failed, and Castro had some powerful friends!

86 85 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Where did the CIA attempt to invade Cuba...

87 86 Khruschev Embraces Castro, 1961

88 87 Soviet response. Don’t worry comrade Castro. We got your back!

89 88 The Cuban Missile Crisis Castro had a powerful ally in Moscow – Khrushchev who promised to defend Cuba with Soviet arms

90 89 Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)

91 90 The Cuban Missile Crisis During the summer of 1962 the Soviets sent nuclear missiles to Cuba

92 91

93 92 Cuban Missile Crisis

94 93 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What were the Soviets trying to put in C...

95 94

96 95 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The Cuban Missile Crisis took place in t...

97 96 The Cuban Missile Crisis But wait… why did the Soviets do this? In 1961, one year prior the U.S. had deployed 15 missiles in Turkey aimed at Western USSR cities including Moscow.

98 97 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The Soviets wanted misslies in Cuba beca...

99 98

100 99 A Blockade..kinda Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba to stop the Soviets from delivering the missiles Also that the missiles already in Cuba be removed

101 100 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: How did Kennedy respond to the CMC?

102 101 The Cuban Missile Crisis Kennedy made it clear that an attack from Cuba would be considered an attack by the USSR. Finally Kruschev agrees to remove the missiles LinkLink 6 vids

103 102 Soviet Union in the Cold War Stalin Dies-1953

104 103 Nikita Khrushchev Takes Over Closed prison camps Eased censorship

105 Khrushchev's 'secret speech' In a speech, February 14, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounces the abuses of Stalin. He rejects the Leninist idea of the inevitability of war and calls for a doctrine of "peaceful coexistence." 1959 Kitchen debate

106 105 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What happened to opression of Soviets be...

107 106 What do you think is the biggest fear we might have as nation right now?

108 107 Communism and the threat of the atomic bomb dominated life for Americans and their leaders in the 1950s. The threat of an atomic attack against the United States forced Americans to prepare for a surprise attack.

109 108 Bomb shelters and air raids drills were a result of this fear

110 109 Duck and Cover

111 110

112 111 People built more bomb shelters.

113 112

114 113

115 114

116 115 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What happened to world tension because o...

117 116

118 117 The Scenario: Nuclear war has been declared. The only people that will survive the attack must be inside the bomb shelter. Here is the problem. The bomb shelter only has space and supplies for 6 people. In order to survive, 4 people must stay inside the shelter for at least 3 months. At hand is the survival of humans on Earth. The repopulation of Earth will depend on the 6 people that survive, The Task: Your group is to decide, based on the information given, which people will be allowed to remain (and live) and which people will be left out of the shelter (and die). Carefully evaluate all the information given. Consider their health, experience, age, gender, talents, intelligence, etc. Next: On a separate sheet of paper, list the 6 people that will stay in the shelter. Explain and give reasons why each person was allowed to stay in the shelter. Also, list the people that were chosen to leave and give reasons for this decision. Next, choose a leader for your group to present the decisions to the rest of the class.

119 118 What did Americans build in their backyards to hopefully save them from a nuclear fallout? Fallout shelters

120 119

121 120 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The fear of communism in the 50's was ca...

122 121 Why was there a fear of communism in the 1950s? The fear and distrust of communism intensified in America when the Soviet Union began to test nuclear weapons

123 122 A near hysteria was created in the late 40's and 50's with hearings led by Joseph McCarthy accusing people of belonging to the Communist PartyJoseph McCarthy “Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?”

124 123

125 HUAC investigated Communist infiltration of the Motion-Picture Industry. Unfortunately McCarthy was making unproven charges and accusing innocents

126 125

127 126

128 Finally, an army lawyer named Joseph Welch stood up to McCarthy. Later that year, the Senate passed a vote of censure, or formal disapproval, against McCarthy. McCarthy you are a liar and an idiot!

129 128 Students pick a small piece of paper from a plastic bag. Some of the pieces of paper have a red dot on them while most of the pieces are blank. Students are not to reveal what is on their piece of paper to anyone else. The object of the “game” is for the students to create the largest group possible without any red dots. They may question each other as they form groups. The largest group without a member with a red dot wins. Any person who holds a red dot and has infiltrated a group wins. The purpose of the “game” is for the students to experience some of the suspicions associated with the McCarthy Era.

130 129 END

131 130 Group Assignment Get into groups of your own choice –4 people Create a timeline for the Cold War using people, events, locations etc for the decade I assign to you

132 131 This presentation contains the poll(s) you downloaded SlideContents 2Suggested verbal notes for presenters 3Instructions slide to educate audiences on responding via text messages. 4Instructions slide to educate audiences on responding via web or mobile web. This must be enabled on your poll in PollEverywhere.com. 5Instructions slide to educate audiences on responding via Twitter. This must be enabled on your poll in PollEverywhere.com. 6+The actual poll(s) you downloaded are embedded on these slides. What’s next? Jump to slide 6 and enter Slide Show mode to see your poll in action. Copy & paste slide 6 and beyond into your own presentation, or just use this presentation.

133 132 Presenter Text Polling Notes Explain what’s going on –“Now I’m going to ask for your opinion. You’ll use your phones to respond just like on American Idol. So please take out your cell phones, but remember to leave them on silent.” –“You’ll participate by sending a text message. If you don’t know how to do that, just ask your kids! Or have your neighbor help you figure it out.” Address their concerns –“This is a just standard rate text message, so it may be free for you, or up to twenty cents on some carriers if you do not have a text messaging plan.” –“The service we are using is serious about privacy. We cannot see your phone numbers, and you’ll never receive follow-up text messages outside this presentation. There’s only one thing worse than spam – and that’s text message spam because you have to pay to receive it!” Use a demo or practice poll –For example, a Free Text Poll like “Let’s Practice: Text in your first name!” Always test your polls in your presentation before your event using the computer that will be projecting your presentation, especially if that computer is not the one you’re currently using.

134 133 How To Vote via Texting 1.Standard texting rates only (worst case US $0.20) 2.We have no access to your phone number 3.Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do TIPS EXAMPLE

135 134 How To Vote via PollEv.com Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do TIP EXAMPLE

136 135 How To Vote via PollEv.com/username Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do TIP EXAMPLE

137 136 How To Vote via Twitter 1.Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do is the first word, your followers will not receive this tweet TIPS EXAMPLE


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