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Totalitarian Leaders. Mussolini: Country/Year to Power: Italy 1922-1945 Political Party: Fascist Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime.

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Presentation on theme: "Totalitarian Leaders. Mussolini: Country/Year to Power: Italy 1922-1945 Political Party: Fascist Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime."— Presentation transcript:

1 Totalitarian Leaders

2 Mussolini: Country/Year to Power: Italy Political Party: Fascist Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime Minister by King Victor Emmanuel Nickname: Il Duce Secret Police: Black Shirts

3 Mussolini: Strategies used to stay in Power: Strengthened the military Invaded Ethiopia to show power Partnered with Hitler Used propaganda and censorship

4 Stalin: Country/Year to Power: USSR Political Party: Communist Came to Power: Lenin died. Stalin named the successor after having Trotsky exiled to Mexico and later executed Nickname: Man of Steel Secret Police: Checka

5 Stalin: Strategies used to stay in Power: 5 Year Plans – Increased industry – Improved farming and transportation Used propaganda and censorship Created Collectives (large farms) and the Kulaks (wealthy farmers) resisted The Great Purge- killing of political opponents

6 Hitler: Country/Year to Power: Germany Political Party: Nazi Came to Power: Elected Chancellor of the Weimar Republic-within a year names himself dictator. Creates the Nazi Party. Nickname: Der Fuher Secret Police: Gestapo/SS Storm Troopers

7 Hitler Strategies used to stay in Power: Anti-Semitism (“against the Jew”) – Nuremburg Laws – Hitler Youth – Kristallnacht (“night of broken glass”) Mein Kampf (“my struggles”)-manifesto Final Solution- exterminate Jews from Europe (Holocaust)


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