Presentation on theme: "Workplace Health & Safety 1. Explain the purpose and function of OSHA in the workplace 2. Identify and explain the labor laws that govern teens in the."— Presentation transcript:
Workplace Health & Safety 1. Explain the purpose and function of OSHA in the workplace 2. Identify and explain the labor laws that govern teens in the workplace 3. Understand the operations of the labor market, including the circumstances surrounding the establishment of principal American labor unions, procedures that unions use to gain benefits for their members, the effects of unionization, the minimum wage, and unemployment insurance. 4. Identify federal regulatory agencies and laws that protect consumers, workers, investors, and the environment 5. Understand the influence of the federal government through regulatory agencies on the American economy.
Talking Safety You will learn about: Some of the ways people (both youth and adults) can get hurt on the job. What to do if you see something at work that could hurt you or make you sick. What legal rights all workers have to make sure their jobs are safe. What extra protections young workers have under child labor laws.
There Ought to Be a Law! Job health and safety laws that protect all workers Child labor laws that give special protection to young people
Unsafe Working Conditions How many of you work? What kind of work do you do? Do you know anyone who has bee hurt on the job? If so, what kind of injury?
Most Teens Work Before They’re 18 80% of teens report that they have held jobs before completing high school. 15- to 17-year olds with jobs work an average of 17 hours per week during school months and 23 hours per week during summer months.
Teen Work Injury Statistics Many youth are injured on the job: ◦ 250,000 <18-year-olds injured/year in the US ◦ 84,000 <18-year-olds to the ER for work injuries ◦ 70 <18-year-olds die each year ◦ year-olds die each year Young workers are injured at a higher rate than adult workers.
Thousands of Teens Are Injured on the Job Common teen job injuries include cuts, sprains, strains, burns and fractures. Teen job injury rates: ◦ Are higher for males than for females ◦ Are higher for older teens than for younger ones. An average of 70 U.S. teens (ages 16-17) died from job injuries every year during the 1990’s. Leading causes of death were motor vehicles, farm machinery, other machines, electrocution, and homicides.
Teens are Injured at Higher Rates Than Adults A teen is injured every six minutes on the job. :06
Overhead #5 Where are Teens Injured? Other 15% Retail 54% Agriculture 7% Manufacturing 4% Service 20% Other 11% Retail 54% Agriculture 5% Manufacturing 5% Service 25% Teen Work Injury Statistics Where Teens Work Where Teens are Injured
Why are Young Workers Injured at High Rates? Teens: The Hazards We Face in the Workplace Video and Discussion
How Are Teens Injured? Statistics show that many teen job injuries are caused by: ◦ Driving motor vehicles ◦ Operating tractors ◦ Handling hot liquids and grease ◦ Using cutting tools ◦ Using non-powered hand tools ◦ Lifting heavy objects ◦ Working late at night ◦ Working alone The law prohibits teens from doing some of these tasks, (but not all)
Why Teens are at Higher Risk for Injury than Adults: Low-pay, high turnover jobs Inexperience Lack of training and supervision Want to be responsible and appear competent Physical development
Teens Who Work Long Hours May Experience: Lack of sleep Difficulty staying awake in class and less time for homework Negative effects on learning Moodiness and difficulty in controlling emotions Increased use of stimulants, e.g. caffeine, nicotine
Children and Youth at Work in 1900 The average laborer worked hours per day, 6 days a week, for $1.50 a day. Two million children under 15 worked in industrial jobs for wages. Children aged made up ¼ of the textile labor force in the South.
Children and Youth at Work in 1900 Families received nothing when a worker was injured or killed. Only some states had laws that addressed working conditions Only some state required children to go to school.
Day #2 Model Laws
Identify the health, safety and other labor abuses show in each story and propose laws that might prevent them. To help you, each story is followed by a set of questions. Propose laws that you think might solve the problems, regardless of whether these laws actually exist. Recorder/Reporter/Facilitator
There Ought to Be a Law! Fast Food ◦ Jennifer Forshee The Mule-Room ◦ Al Priddy The Carpet Weavers ◦ New Delhi, India
Day #3 Teen Workers’ Rights
Check Your Understanding Each team should choose a team leader to speak for them. The first team gets 15 seconds to come up with an answer. Their team gets 10 points if they give the correct answer. If they don’t answer correctly, any other team can volunteer an answer, and gets 10 points if it is correct.
Is There a Law? Model LawActual Law If you need gloves to do your job safely, your employer must pay for them. Your employer must provide any protective clothing or equipment you need. (Are You a Working Teen?, page 2)
When Were Laws Passed? 1830s: States began to pass laws to restrict child labor. 1904: National Child Labor Committee formed. More states pass stronger child labor laws. 1911:Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire: Leads to some of the first job safety legislation.
When Were Laws Passed? 1916:Railroad workers are the first to be guaranteed an 8-hour day. 1938: Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is passed. Establishes a minimum wage Prohibits youth under age 14 from doing most kinds of formal work Prohibits youth under age 18 from doing many kinds of hazardous work. Limits the hours that youth under age 16 can work.
When Were Laws Passed? 1970:Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) is passed. Requires employers to provide a safe and healthy workplace. Establishes specific protections from many types of hazards. Establishes OSHA as the enforcement agency.
Day #4 Applying the Law
Key Legal Points California Labor Laws: ◦ Set a minimum age for some types of dangerous work ◦ Prohibit hazardous tasks ◦ Limit work during early morning and late night hours ◦ Set maximum working hours per day and per week
Job Health & Safety Laws California Law says that every employer must: Provide a workplace that is safe and healthful Follow all Cal/OSHA health and safety regulations Give all workers health and safety training, including information on toxic materials Set up a system for workers to report hazards without fear of punishment Provide necessary safety equipment (including gloves, respirators, etc.)
More Worker Rights In most cases, every worker has a right to: Earn at least the minimum wage Get medical care and lost wages paid through workers’ compensation if injured on the job Join or organize a union Work without racial or sexual harassment
Who Enforces the Law in CA? LawsEnforced by Child Labor ………………..…..Labor Commissioner Job health & safety………..…..Cal/OHSA Minimum wage…………......…Labor Commissioner Worker’s compensation……...Department of Industrial Relations, Division of Workers’ Compensation Union rights…………………...Labor Commissioner Racial or sexual………………Department of Fair discriminationEmployment and Housing
Rights on the Job Case Study #1: Juan A.Case Study #2: Tanya B. List the violations of law that the group found. For each law listed, briefly explain whether this law could have prevented the injury. Briefly explain what consensus the group reached (if any) on what Juan should have done. List the violations of law that the group found. For each law listed, briefly explain whether this law could have prevented the injury. Briefly explain what consensus the group reached (if any) on what Tanya should have done
Rights on the Job Case Study #1: Juan A.Case Study #2: Tanya B.
Workplace Health & Safety 1. Explain the purpose and function of OSHA in the workplace 2. Identify and explain the labor laws that govern teens in the workplace