2When They Lived The Sumerians lived from 3500 B.C. – 2000 B.C. ,althoughother sources say that the civilization started as early as 3000 B.C.
3Where They LivedThe Sumerians lived in Mesopotamia or the Fertile Crescent.This area is between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and runs along the eastern side of the Mediterranean Sea.The word Mesopotamia is a Greek word meaning “Land between the Rivers.”
4What They Were LikeThe Sumerians were very inventive and worked hard. They were mostly farmers and had well organized communal (community) life.
5Their JobsThe Sumerians were also skilled in the use of such metal as copper, gold, silver and had developed by B.C. fine artistry as well as considerable knowledge about technology.They were not only craftsman and farmers, but scribes, scholars, priests, priestesses, and merchants also.
6WorshippingThe Sumerians built temples called ziggurats in the center of their cities. They were used as a house for the cities’ gods. The temple was raised on a platform, and was made of thousands of mud bricks.
7GodsSome of the gods that they worshipped were Anu, the heaven god, Ea, the water god , and Enki, the god of wisdom.
8CuneiformAt first, scribes used writing to record business transactions. But then, its use quickly grew to include the recording of mythology, poetry, mathematics, and literature.
9GilgameshThe ancient Sumerians were great story tellers. Thousands of years ago, they created the story of Gilgamesh, an epic, a long story about a hero Gilgamesh is one of the oldest recorded stories in the world. It's about an ancient King of Uruk who may have actually existed and whose name - Gilgamesh - is on the Sumerian King List. According to the epic, Gilgamesh was not just a hero. He was the first superhero! He was part god and part human. He had many special powers.
10InventionsThe Sumerians made many contributions to modern civilization.They invented the sail.This allowed them to trade up and down the Tigres and Euphrates
11More Inventions The Sumerians invented the wheel. They developed mathematics.They established the city-state as a way to govern people.They invented irrigation.
12The Number SixThe Sumerians had a counting system based on the number six, and they made a system of tracking time based on this system. This is why our modern system of time uses numbers that are divisible by six: 60 seconds, 60 minutes, 24 hours.
13LivingThe Sumerians built small square houses built of mud.
14CitiesSome of the most well known cities in the Sumerian civilization were Uruk, Ur, Kish, Evida, Lagash, Nippur, and Sumer.
15LeadersThe Sumerians first leaders were the wise elders, but as they started to go to war with other civilization, strong army generals became king. The Sumerians called their kings Lu-gal-gals, which means “big man”
16Code of Hammurabi 282 laws Influenced later civilizations’ laws An eye for an eye; a tooth for a tooth282 lawsInfluenced later civilizations’ laws
17Code Of HammurabiWhat should be done to the carpenter who builds a house that falls and kills the owner?If a builder builds a house for a man and does not make its construction sound, and the house which he has built collapses and causes the death of the owner of the house, the builder shall be put to death.
18Why Did The Civilization End? The Sumerians civilization ended because of many reasonsOne, because Sargon of Akkad from northern Mesopotamia took control.Two, the water supply was scarce.Three, cities and states were fighting among each other.