2What is Crime? Crime: 1. Violates criminal law. 2. Is punishable by criminal sanctions.
3What is Crime? Consensus Model: Society, though diverse, shares the same moral value system.Crimes violate this value system and are deemed harmful to society.Conflict Model:Society is diverse and constantly engaged in a power struggle.Dominant groups in society codify their values into law.
4What is Crime? An Integrated Definition: Punishable under criminal law as defined by a society.Considered an offense against society as a whole, not against the victim and his or her friends.Punished by statutorily determined sanctions that bring about a loss of personal freedom.
5What is Crime? Violent Crime: Murder Sexual assault/rape Assault/batteryrobberyProperty Crime:BurglaryLarceny/theftMotor vehicle theftArson
6What is Crime? Public Order Crimes: Behavior that has been labeled criminalbecause it is contrary toshared social values,customs and norms(e.g. publicdrunkenness).White Collar Crimes:Illegal acts committedby an individual orbusiness entity usingsome non-violent meansto obtain a personal orbusiness advantage(e.g. embezzlement).
8(Click the image above to play video) Video: Martha Stewart(Click the image above to play video)
9What is Crime? High Tech Crime: Crimes directly related to the increased use ofcomputers andtechnology by society.Organized Crime:Illegal crimes by illegalorganizations, gearedtowards satisfying thepublic’s need for illegalgoods and services.
11The Criminal Justice System Three General Goals of the Criminal JusticeSystem:To control crimeTo prevent crimeTo provide and maintain justice
12The Criminal Justice System Based on Federalism:Law EnforcementLocal, State and Federal AgenciesCourtsDual court system of State and Federal CourtsCorrectionsIncarceration, Probation and Community Corrections
13The Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice as asystem: an orderlyprogression of eventsthrough a processcomprised of agenciesworking together.Herbert Packer comparedthe idealized CriminalJustice to an assembly-line.
14The Criminal Justice System When members of the criminal justice system exercise discretion, this produces an informal criminal justice system.
16Values of the Criminal Justice System Crime Control Model:A model of criminaljustice that placesprimary emphasis onthe rights of society tobe protected from crimeand violent offenders.Due Process Model:A model of the criminaljustice system thatplaces primaryemphasis on the rightsof the individual to beprotected from thepower of government.
17Values of the Criminal Justice System Which model prevailstoday?Responding toterrorism, or the threatof violence to achievepolitical objectives, hasimpacted the way controlcrime.