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3 TYPES OF GOVERNMENT POWER The 3 Branches of the American Government.

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Presentation on theme: "3 TYPES OF GOVERNMENT POWER The 3 Branches of the American Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 3 TYPES OF GOVERNMENT POWER The 3 Branches of the American Government

2 3 FUNCTIONS All governments may exercise power in 3 ways. Legislative Power: the power to deliberate and make law Executive Power Executive Power: the power to execute the law Judicial Power: the power to adjudicate and to interpret the law

3 3 functions in one totalitarian dictators absolute monarchs “philosopher-kings” “enlightened despots

4 Legislative or Deliberative Power “HIGHEST IDEAL OF DEMOCRACY” In democracies: usually powerful, elected assemblies. –Legislature –Parliament –CONGRESS DELEGATE, REPRESENTATIVE=A MEMBER OF A LEGISLATIVE BODY Bundestag Congreso de la Union Diet or Kokkai People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Sansad unicameral--one “house” bicameral--two “houses”

5 US Congress bi-cameral House of Representatives Senate

6 California State Government California GovernorExecutive Power – Governor State LegislatureLegislative Power – State Legislature State Senate State Senate State Assembly State Assembly State Supreme CourtJudicial Power – State Supreme Court State Court of Appeals State Court of Appeals Superior and Municipal Courts Superior and Municipal Courts

7 Executive Power responsible for “executing”or carrying out laws and public policy –president –prime minister –premier leading the nation politically proposing laws to the legislature conducting foreign policy preparing budgets commanding armed forces assisted by –departments –agencies –commissions –bureaus

8 President Barack Obama Vice-President Joe Biden Cabinet –Department of State Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton Department of the Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner Department of Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates Department of Justice Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr. Department of the Interior Secretary Kenneth L. Salazar Department of Agriculture Secretary Thomas J. Vilsack Department of Commerce Secretary Gary F. Locke Department of Labor Secretary Hilda L. Solis –Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius Department of Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun L.S. Donovan Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu Department of Education Secretary Arne Duncan Department of Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric K. Shinseki Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet A. Napolitano

9 Judicial Power application and interpretation of law through a system of courts, each with one or more judges. –in democracies, clearly independent of other parts of government –“rule of law” –juries

10 US Supreme Court Federal Courts of Appeal Federal District Courts

11 UNITED STATES COURT SYSTEM Supreme Court ( nine justices ; nominated by the president and confirmed with the advice and consent of the Senate; appointed to serve for life) United States Courts of Appeal United States District Courts State and County Courts

12 Next steps: Read Ch 1.2 and complete graphic organizer Research and prepare a poster on your assigned country. Get your books

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