Presentation on theme: "Overview ~Cumulative Assessment Project ~3 Generations of Potato Heads"— Presentation transcript:
1Potato Head Genetics Gina Ford & Jennifer Hladun Twelve Bridges Middle School – Lincoln, California
2Overview ~Cumulative Assessment Project ~3 Generations of Potato Heads Assignment Points(C – cooperatively with classmate)Assessment Points(I – Individual application)~3 Generations of Potato Heads“Parent” Chromosomes of Mr. and Ms. Potato HeadMr. & Ms. Potato HeadSpud/Spudette~ 4-5 days in length
37th Grade Genetic Standards Background Knowledge~DNA ~Dominant~Patterns of Inheritance ~Recessive~Punnett Squares ~Genotype~Genes on Chromosomes ~Phenotype~Karyotype7th Grade Genetic Standards2 - A typical cell of any organism contains genetic instructions that specify its traits.2b – Sexual Reproduction produces offspring that inherit half their genes from each parent2d – Students know plant and animal cells contain many thousands of different genes and typically have two copies of every gene. The two copies (or alleles) of the gene may or may not be identical, and one may be dominant in determining the phenotype while the other is recessive.2e- DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the genetic material of living organisms and is located in the chromosomes of each cell
4Let’s Get StartedBag full of supplies (scissors, pencil, color pencils, glue, hair, sex cells, 7 envelopes with chromosomes, empty baggie, laminated potato head pieces list)Mr. Potato Head Silly SuitcaseConstruction paper folder – for today’s short courseFolder of blackline masters.*Electronic copies can be found on our website-addresses are in your blackline masters folderTalk about Y chromosome and sex link trait
5Please take outAll items out of your bag full of supplies (scissors, pencil, color pencils, glue, hair, sex cells, 7 envelopes with chromosomes, empty baggie, laminated potato head pieces list)Open your Mr. Potato Head suitcase (need scissors)Using your laminated potato head pieces list – add all of those items into your empty plastic baggie (everything your are not using goes back into your silly suitcase)Talk about Y chromosome and sex link trait
6Mr. Potato Head (C)Pull “parent” chromosomes (one male and one female from each envelope)Record inherited alleles in genotype columnCorrectly return “parent” chromosomesUsing the table, record the phenotype for each of Mr. Potato’s genotypesConstruct Mr. Potato HeadDraw Mr. Potato Head’s with his inherited traits on your worksheetTalk about Y chromosome and sex link trait
7Ms. Potato Head (C)Pull “parent” chromosomes (one male and one female from each envelope)Record inherited alleles in genotype columnCorrectly return “parent” chromosomesUsing the table, record the phenotype for each of Ms. Potato’s genotypesConstruct Ms. Potato HeadDraw Ms. Potato Head’s with her inherited traits on your worksheetTalk about no sex chromosomes because both x’s
8Punnett Squares (I)Using your Mr.(blue) and Ms. (pink) completed worksheets, add the correct genotype for each trait to the correct punnett squareComplete each punnett square and the probability data for the offspring.In the marked punnett square box, color code which allele came from Ms. Potato head (pink) and which allele came for Mr. potato head (blue)Circle which phenotype your offspring will have (use marked punnett square) on your probability data boxes
9Spud/Spudette (I)Using the marked box on your punnett square record your spud/spudette’s genotype and phenotype on the worksheetDouble check your work. Fix any errors!**Make sure you record the correct phenotype for Hat/Hair depending on if your offspring is male/female3. Draw in your baby spud/spudette’s inherited traits on the worksheet.
10Sex Cells (I)**you can do this before spud/spudette, but we find they lose the sex cells before they glue them on their posterUsing your punnett square worksheet, fill in the male sex cell with the alleles Mr. Potato head passed on to his offspring.Using the same process, fill in the female sex cell with the alleles Ms. Potato head passed on to her offspring.Note: we made an effort to number all of the traits so it would be easier to put into the sex cells
11Poster (I)Carefully cut out Mr. Potato, Ms. Potato, and baby spud/spudette along with their genetic information (gentoype/phenotype chart)Glue mom, dad and baby spud/spudette down on your poster. Make sure the chart is with the correct potato!Glue the sex cells next to your baby spud/spudetteAdd family name (The____Family)Add first names for all 3 members of your potato family
12Written Summary (I) Complete using the word bank Double check your answers/READ your summary before turning it in!
13Written Assessment (I) Complete 4 questionsGrading#1 – 2 pts (what/why)#2 – 4 pts (1/2 point per allele pair)#3 – 2 pts (what/why)#4 – 2 pts (application – drawing connections)*We also included a copy of a grading rubric in your blackline masters folder.
14Feedback/Wrap Up On the blank mini potato heads… Please take a moment to provide us with any feedback or questions you may have.If you would like a response to your question, please include your address and we will contact you as soon as we can with an answer.
15Contact Information~Thank you for attending our presentation. ~You can find the powerpoint and all of the handouts on our websites. ~Please contact us with any questions and/or new ideas. Gina Ford - Jennifer Hladun -