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PH. What is pH? pH is a measure of the acidity, [H + ], or basicity (alkalinity), [OH - ], of a solution. The scale is typically measured from 0 to 14.

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Presentation on theme: "PH. What is pH? pH is a measure of the acidity, [H + ], or basicity (alkalinity), [OH - ], of a solution. The scale is typically measured from 0 to 14."— Presentation transcript:

1 pH

2 What is pH? pH is a measure of the acidity, [H + ], or basicity (alkalinity), [OH - ], of a solution. The scale is typically measured from 0 to 14. A pH value of 7 is considered to be neutral, neither acid nor base.

3 pH Scale Basic [OH - ]>[H + ] Acidic [H+]>[OH-] Neutral [H + ]=[OH - ]

4 What is pH? pH is a logarithmic function. That is, pH = -log10 [H+]. This simply means that a change of one pH unit represents a 10 fold change in the acidity, e.g. pH 5 is ten times more acidic than pH 6.

5 For the More Advanced Students pH = -log10 [H+] So if: pH = 5 Then 5 = -log 10 [H + ] -5 = log 10 [H + ] 10-5 = [H + ] or [H + ] = 10-5 M

6 Measuring pH pH paperDigital meters

7 pH levels in our lives Water on the Web

8 What affects pH? pH can affect and be affected by atmospheric chemistry. –Dissolved CO 2 –Other nonmetallic oxides pH can affect and be affected by geological chemistry. –Dissolved minerals –Other sources of minerals Buffering capacity –Determines the vulnerability of a system to pH changes

9 Activity: Acids, Bases and Buffers See handout Use of Probes

10 SO What??

11 This is what… Acid Precipitation Mine tailings Soils have different buffering capacities Can exceed tolerance levels for plants and animals Can corrode buildings and other infrastructure

12

13 Acid Precipitation

14 Acid Mine Drainage Seepage from an historical mine tailing deposition area. Whitewood Valley, South Dakota. USFWS photo by Joy Gober and Scott Larson.

15 Why is pH important? Some organisms can tolerate a wider pH range. State Water Resources Control Board-Citizen Monitoring

16 German forest damaged by acid precipitation Germania - Effetti delle precipitazioni acide sulla foresta di Erzgebirge (CREDIT: © WWF-Canon / Mauri Rautkari)

17 More damage…


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