Presentation on theme: "Monday May 5 th, 2014 Goal: 10.8.3 Explain in detail the events that led to victory in Japan In-class: 16.4 Victory in Japan Notes, Begin Homework Reflection."— Presentation transcript:
Monday May 5 th, 2014 Goal: 10.8.3 Explain in detail the events that led to victory in Japan In-class: 16.4 Victory in Japan Notes, Begin Homework Reflection #6 : Atomic Bomb Do you think President Truman should have dropped the atomic bomb on Japan? Explain why/not. Homework: 16.5 Section Assessment pg. 517 #1-8
Pop Quiz 1)What was the name of the secret project that was creating the first atomic bomb? 2)What were kamikazes? 3)Who was Harry S. Truman? 4)Why did the advisors decide the use of the bomb was a good (or necessary) idea?
16.4 Allied Victory in the Pacific: Part II Ms. Wyatt Spring 2014
Japanese in Retreat After Allied victory in Guadalcanal the Japanese advances had been stopped Allies move to retake the Philippines in late 1944 Oct. 1945—Battle of Leyte Gulf leaves Japanese navy damaged Kamikazes—Japanese suicide pilots; sink Allied ships by crash diving their planes into them March 1945—U.S. forces capture Iwo Jima, an island 750 miles from Tokyo June 1945—U.S. takes Okinawa, 350 miles from southern Japan One of the bloodiest land battles of the war Japanese lose 100,000 & Americans lose 12,000
Japanese Surrender Truman’s advisors estimate half a million could be lost in an invasion of Japan Atomic bomb is the alternative to bring war to quickest end possible Manhattan Project—secret program to develop the bomb August 6, 1945—dropped on Hiroshima ; 80,000 dead August 9, 1945—dropped on Nagasaki; 70,000 dead September 2, 1945— V-J Day; Japanese surrender to MacArthur on the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay
Little Boy dropped on Hiroshima Uranium bomb Fat man dropped on Nagasaki Plutonium bomb
Gen. MacArthur & Gen. Wainwright watch Gen. Umezu sign surrender document
Wednesday May 7, 2014 Goal: 10.8.6 Discuss the human cost of war & describe the destruction in Europe & Japan In-class: 16.5 Europe & Japan in Ruins Notes, Finish Hiroshima Video Reflection #6 : Atomic Bomb Do you think President Truman should have dropped the atomic bomb on Japan? Explain why/not. Homework: Work on study guide & organize binders Test & binder check on Friday!!
16.5 Europe & Japan in Ruins Ms. Wyatt Spring 2014
Devastation in Europe 40 million dead & cities reduced to rubble Displaced people were trying to get back home No water or electricity & lack of food Transportation systems ruined Factories damaged or destroyed so people had no jobs or money
A milkman still does his deliveries in London after a bombing
Postwar Government & Politics Europeans often blame leaders for war, so there were changes in governments Old fascist governments in Germany, Italy, and Japan disappeared Communist party in Italy & France promised change & gathered followers, but declined after they staged a series of violent strikes
Nuremburg Trials International Military Tribunal representing 23 nations gathered in Nuremburg, Germany 22 surviving Nazi leaders were put on trial for “crimes against humanity” Many others had already committed suicide October 16, 1946—12 of the 22 sentenced to death Hanged & cremated at the same concentration camps where their victims were killed
Postwar Japan 2 million dead & major cities in ruins U.S. Army occupied Japan under Gen. MacArthur Began a process of demilitarization—breaking down the Japanese armed forces Democratization—creating a government elected by the people Japan became a constitutional monarchy
Changes in Japan New constitution gave power to the Japanese people Anybody over 20 (including women) could vote Bill of Rights protected freedoms legislators were elected & chose a Prime Minister to serve as Japan’s version of a president Article 9 forbade Japan to ever make war unless attacked first Sept. 1951—U.S. & 48 other nations sign peace treaty with Japan & ended the occupation Starts a partnership between U.S. & Japan