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World War II: Aftermath Ch 14 Sec 5. Japan U.S. worked to rebuild Japan after the war. Under MacArthur’s leadership, Japan adopted a new constitution.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II: Aftermath Ch 14 Sec 5. Japan U.S. worked to rebuild Japan after the war. Under MacArthur’s leadership, Japan adopted a new constitution."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II: Aftermath Ch 14 Sec 5

2 Japan U.S. worked to rebuild Japan after the war. Under MacArthur’s leadership, Japan adopted a new constitution and a free market system. The constitution protected basic freedoms and granted woman suffrage.

3 At Yalta, the Big 3 decided Germany should be divided into 4 zones of occupation. France, Britain and U.S. combined theirs into West Germany. USSR kept theirs as East Germany (until 1990). Germany

4 Nuremberg Trials Nazi leaders were placed on trial for crimes against humanity. Many were convicted and executed as a result of their involvement in the Holocaust. Link 50:00 Link “I was only following orders.”

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7 United Nations Allies in WWII agreed to form an international group to establish and maintain peace. General Assembly Security Council

8 Rebuilding and Containment Truman Doctrine Containment of communism $400 million to Greece and Turkey Link 2:31 Link 2:31 Link Marshall Plan Billions to rebuild Western Europe Link 1:40 Link 1:40 Link

9 THE MARSHALL PLAN – America’s idea to Rebuild Germany

10 Put Germany back together Rebuild towns, roads, cities, railroads Send food, clothing, money to rebuild Germany Soviets see this as a threat “They are rebuilding the Nazi’s homeland!”

11 Post-War Germany

12 Berlin Blockade & Airlift ( ) Stalin tries to force the allies out of Berlin Cuts off RR and Highways to the Western Sector The airlift lasted more than a year Ultimately the soviets ended the blockade Link 10:13Link

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14 Allies divided Stalin didn’t trust the Western Allies and wanted a buffer zone in Eastern Europe. U.S. joined NATO (a military defense pact among democratic nations) in 1949.

15 Allies divided In response, the Soviets formed their own military alliance-the Warsaw Pact-in Soviet mutual defense agreement between the Soviets and their satellite nations. But the Warsaw Pact was actually used against the satellite nations to keep them in line.

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