Presentation on theme: "World War II: Aftermath Ch 14 Sec 5. Japan U.S. worked to rebuild Japan after the war. Under MacArthur’s leadership, Japan adopted a new constitution."— Presentation transcript:
World War II: Aftermath Ch 14 Sec 5
Japan U.S. worked to rebuild Japan after the war. Under MacArthur’s leadership, Japan adopted a new constitution and a free market system. The constitution protected basic freedoms and granted woman suffrage.
At Yalta, the Big 3 decided Germany should be divided into 4 zones of occupation. France, Britain and U.S. combined theirs into West Germany. USSR kept theirs as East Germany (until 1990). Germany
Nuremberg Trials Nazi leaders were placed on trial for crimes against humanity. Many were convicted and executed as a result of their involvement in the Holocaust. Link 50:00 Link “I was only following orders.”
United Nations Allies in WWII agreed to form an international group to establish and maintain peace. General Assembly Security Council
Rebuilding and Containment Truman Doctrine Containment of communism $400 million to Greece and Turkey Link 2:31 Link 2:31 Link Marshall Plan Billions to rebuild Western Europe Link 1:40 Link 1:40 Link
THE MARSHALL PLAN – America’s idea to Rebuild Germany
Put Germany back together Rebuild towns, roads, cities, railroads Send food, clothing, money to rebuild Germany Soviets see this as a threat “They are rebuilding the Nazi’s homeland!”
Berlin Blockade & Airlift ( ) Stalin tries to force the allies out of Berlin Cuts off RR and Highways to the Western Sector The airlift lasted more than a year Ultimately the soviets ended the blockade Link 10:13Link
Allies divided Stalin didn’t trust the Western Allies and wanted a buffer zone in Eastern Europe. U.S. joined NATO (a military defense pact among democratic nations) in 1949.
Allies divided In response, the Soviets formed their own military alliance-the Warsaw Pact-in Soviet mutual defense agreement between the Soviets and their satellite nations. But the Warsaw Pact was actually used against the satellite nations to keep them in line.