3Developmentally Appropriate Practice is the Outcome of Teacher Decision Making Based on the Three Kinds of Information123
41 What is known about child development and learning --- Permits general predictions within an age range about activities, materials, interactions, experiences that will be:safehealthyKnowledge of age-related human characteristicsinterestingachievablechallenging
5What is known about the strengths, interests and needs of each individual child in the group --- 2This knowledge allows teachers to adapt for and be responsive to inevitable individual variation
6Knowledge of the social and cultural contexts in which children live 3 Enables teachers to provide learning experiences that aremeaningfulrelevantrespectful of the child and family
7Early Childhood Educators Must Juggle All Three Components 22Age characteristics3311Individual variationCulture and familyEarly Childhood Educators Must JuggleAll Three ComponentsAt the Same Time
8Kindergarten teachers have faced great challenges in juggling all of the elements of a developmentally appropriate program
9Issues Kindergarten Teachers Face California is one of only four states with a required kindergarten admission birthday as late as December. Most states have moved to an August or September cut-off.California’s Kindergarten Standards are among the most rigorous in the country.Kindergarten programs have become moreacademically oriented with an emphasis onpaper and pencil “seat work”.
10Issue We Faced in LAUSDThe 2nd Grade California Standards Test (CST) English Language Arts scores raised concerns about the current Preschool through 2nd Grade continuum, particularly for English Learners.
11How We Responded in LAUSD Superintendent and Chief Academic Officer proposed new Transitional Kindergarten Program for the youngest kindergartnersTitle I funds allocated to support initial program implementation and professional development36 schools selected for initial Fall 2010 implementation with an additional 90 schools added for Fall 2011
12Statewide Change Was Coming On September 30, 2010 the Governor signed SB (Simitian Bill)establishing Transitional Kindergarten throughout California and changing Kindergarten entry age
13Kindergarten Readiness Act of 2010 Senate Bill 1381
14Goal of Transitional Kindergarten: Provide the youngest kindergartners with a readiness year that is developmentally appropriate and will better prepare them for success once they enter traditional kindergarten.
15Kindergarten Readiness Act Requires a “developmentally appropriate curriculum; aligned with K standards; taught by credentialed teachers.”
16California Education Code 8970: It is recommended that an appropriate, integrated experiential curriculum should be provided for children in preschool, kindergarten, and grades 1-3, inclusive.Transitional Kindergarten is an important link in providing that appropriate enriched P-3 program.
17Transition Kindergarten Families and Staff… BTransition Kindergarten Families and Staff…Building the Bridgefor Parent and TeachersCaliforniaEarly LearningFoundations(Birth – 5)CaliforniaKindergartenStandardsUnderstanding the Connection
20CURRICULAR APPROACH GUIDING THE PROCESS IN LAUSD Promote oral language & communicationPersonalize instructionProvide focused enhancements for English Language LearnersValue and support home languageAssess to inform instruction
21Oral Language Development “The rate of children’s early languagegrowth and later language outcomes isdirectly related to the verbal input thatchildren receive when communicating with adults and other children.”California Preschool Learning Foundations, Volume I, CDE Press, 2008
22Instructional Support 1. Intentional message:embedded with content vocabularythis written message sets the purpose of each lesson
23Instructional Support 2. Songs/Chants:Academic and content vocabulary are woven into familiar songs and chants to encourage repetition
24Instructional Support 3. Vocabulary Imprinting:use of photographs and pictorials to introduce new concepts and frontload vocabulary
25Instructional Support 4. Visual Cues/Gestures:physical movements and signals arerepeated as specific content vocabulary is introduced to imprint meaning
26Instructional Support 5. Anchor Books:picture books are selected intentionally and used repetitively to foster vocabulary and concept development