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Today in I.S.… Week #3 Quarter 2 (10/28-11/1) (calendar site)

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Presentation on theme: "Today in I.S.… Week #3 Quarter 2 (10/28-11/1) (calendar site)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Today in I.S.… Week #3 Quarter 2 (10/28-11/1) (calendar site)
Monday, 10/28 Pick Up: Worksheets on table Have out: Worksheets you picked up I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Homework: Weekly Check Sheet due Monday, 10/28 Memorize the first 20 elements on the periodic table for a test on 11/13 or 11/14 Daily Question: What are the different types of bonds? Activities/Assignments: Grade “More Graphing” Worksheet Bonding Basics Notes Bonding Basics Review Worksheet 1

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Update Table of Contents DATE PAGE # PAGE TITLE
10/22 11 Classifying Elements Worksheet 12 Understanding Periods and Groups Worksheet 10/23 & 10/24 13 Greatest Discoveries with Billy Nye: Chemistry W/S 14 Parts of an Atom Quiz 15 Graphing Practice Review Worksheet 10/25 16 “More Graphing Practice” Worksheet 10/28/13 17 Bonding Basics Notes 18 Bonding Basics Review

3 LEARNING GOAL & SCALE 5 85% & Above
What students will be able to apply by the end of this course? Students use scientific processes: questioning, planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and logically about relationships between evidence and explanations, and communicating results. What students will be able to do by the end of this unit according to State Standards? Learning Goals: I can understand how to identify, categorize, and organize substances. 5 85% & Above In addition to Level 4, I can make connections to real-world applications and content in other Investigative Science units. 4 75% Mastery I can correctly: Describe substances based on their physical properties. Describe substances based on their chemical properties. Predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Describe the following features and components of the atom: o protons o neutrons o electrons o mass o organization o structure o number and type of particles 3 60% I can correctly complete most of Level 4. 2 50% I can correctly complete Level 4 only with guidance. 1 25% I am unable to complete Level 4, even with guidance.

4 T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
Bonding Basics Notes T. Trimpe 2008

5 Section A: Complete the chart using a periodic table to help you.

6 NEGATIVE POSITIVE ION CATION ANION
Answer these questions: An atom that gains one or more electrons will have a ____________________ charge. An atom that loses one or more electrons will have a ____________________ charge. An atom that gains or loses one or more electrons is called an ____________. A positive ion is called a ______________ and a negative ion is called an _______________. NEGATIVE POSITIVE ION CATION ANION “An-Eye-On” “Cat-Eye-On”

7 ELECTRONS COMPLETE METAL NONMETAL
What is an ionic bond? Atoms will transfer one or more ________________ to another to form the bond. Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. An ionic bond forms between a ___________ ion with a positive charge and a ________________ ion with a negative charge. Example B1: Sodium + Chlorine Example B2: Magnesium + Iodine ELECTRONS COMPLETE METAL NONMETAL

8 Example B3: Potassium + Iodine Example B4: Sodium + Oxygen
Example B5: Calcium + Chlorine Example B6: Aluminum + Chlorine

9 SHARE COMPLETE NONMETAL
What is a covalent bond? Atoms ___________ one or more electrons with each other to form the bond. Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. A covalent bond forms between two _________________. Example C1: Hydrogen + Hydrogen Example C2: 2 Hydrogen + Oxygen SHARE COMPLETE NONMETAL

10 Example C3: Chlorine + Chlorine Example C4: Oxygen + Oxygen
Example C5: Carbon + 2 Oxygen Example C6: Carbon + 4 Hydrogen

11 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

12 T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
Bonding Basics Review T. Trimpe 2008

13 1. Complete the chart using your knowledge of atoms.
Vocab Review 1 – What do we call the electrons in the outermost energy level? 2 – What term refers to an atom that has lost or gained electrons? 3 – What is a cation? 4 – What is an anion? Valence Electrons Ions A positively charged ion A negatively charged ion

14 2. Ionic Bonds - Draw the Lewis structures for each atom, draw arrows to show the transfer of electrons, write the charge for each ion, and then write the chemical formula. (A) Potassium + Iodine (B) Magnesium + Oxygen (C) Lithium + Nitrogen

15 3. Covalent Bonds – Draw the Lewis structures for each atom, draw circles to show the electrons that are shared, and then write the bond structure and chemical formula. (A) Fluorine + Fluorine (B) 3 Hydrogen + 1 Phosphorus (C) 2 Hydrogen + 1 Sulfur

16 ELECTRONS COMPLETE METAL NONMETAL
What is an ionic bond? Atoms will transfer one or more ________________ to another to form the bond. Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. An ionic bond forms between a ___________ ion with a positive charge and a ________________ ion with a negative charge. Example B1: Sodium + Chlorine Example B2: Magnesium + Iodine ELECTRONS COMPLETE METAL NONMETAL

17 SHARE COMPLETE NONMETAL
What is a covalent bond? Atoms ___________ one or more electrons with each other to form the bond. Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. A covalent bond forms between two _________________. Example C1: Hydrogen + Hydrogen Example C2: 2 Hydrogen + Oxygen SHARE COMPLETE NONMETAL

18 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

19 Today in I.S.… Week #3 Quarter 2 (10/28-11/1) (calendar site)
Tuesday, 10/29 Pick Up: Worksheets on table Have out: Worksheets you picked up I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Homework: Weekly Check Sheet due Monday, 10/28 Memorize the first 20 elements on the periodic table for a test on 11/13 or 11/14 Daily Question: What are the different types of bonds? Activities/Assignments: Bonding Basics Practice Worksheet Review Atoms Worksheet Packet 19

20 TABLE OF CONTENTS Update Table of Contents DATE PAGE # PAGE TITLE
10/23 & 10/24 13 Greatest Discoveries with Billy Nye: Chemistry W/S 14 Parts of an Atom Quiz 15 Graphing Practice Review Worksheet 10/25 16 “More Graphing Practice” Worksheet 10/28/13 17 Bonding Basics Review 18 10/29 19 Bonding Basics Practice Worksheet 20 Review Atoms Worksheet Packet

21 LEARNING GOAL & SCALE 5 85% & Above
What students will be able to apply by the end of this course? Students use scientific processes: questioning, planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and logically about relationships between evidence and explanations, and communicating results. What students will be able to do by the end of this unit according to State Standards? Learning Goals: I can understand how to identify, categorize, and organize substances. 5 85% & Above In addition to Level 4, I can make connections to real-world applications and content in other Investigative Science units. 4 75% Mastery I can correctly: Describe substances based on their physical properties. Describe substances based on their chemical properties. Predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Describe the following features and components of the atom: o protons o neutrons o electrons o mass o organization o structure o number and type of particles 3 60% I can correctly complete most of Level 4. 2 50% I can correctly complete Level 4 only with guidance. 1 25% I am unable to complete Level 4, even with guidance.

22 T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
Bonding Basics Practice Worksheet T. Trimpe 2008

23 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

24 T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
Review Atoms Worksheet Packet T. Trimpe 2008

25 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

26 Today in I.S.… Week #3 Quarter 2 (10/28-11/1) (calendar site)
Wed/Thurs, 10/20 & 10/31 Pick Up: Worksheets on table Have out: Worksheets you picked up I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Homework: Weekly Check Sheet due Monday, 10/28 Memorize the first 20 elements on the periodic table for a test on 11/13 or 11/14 Daily Question: What are the different types of bonds? What is Matter? Activities/Assignments: Candy Compound Activity Discovering the Definition of Matter Matter Outline Notes 26

27 TABLE OF CONTENTS Update Table of Contents DATE PAGE # PAGE TITLE
10/23 & 10/24 15 Graphing Practice Review Worksheet 10/25 16 “More Graphing Practice” Worksheet 10/28/13 17 Bonding Basics Notes 18 Bonding Basics Review 10/29 19 Bonding Basics Practice Worksheet 20 Review Atoms Worksheet Packet 10/30 & 10/31 21 Candy Compound Activity 22 Discovering the Definition of Matter 23 Matter Outline Notes

28 LEARNING GOAL & SCALE 5 85% & Above
What students will be able to apply by the end of this course? Students use scientific processes: questioning, planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and logically about relationships between evidence and explanations, and communicating results. What students will be able to do by the end of this unit according to State Standards? Learning Goals: I can understand how to identify, categorize, and organize substances. 5 85% & Above In addition to Level 4, I can make connections to real-world applications and content in other Investigative Science units. 4 75% Mastery I can correctly: Describe substances based on their physical properties. Describe substances based on their chemical properties. Predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Describe the following features and components of the atom: o protons o neutrons o electrons o mass o organization o structure o number and type of particles 3 60% I can correctly complete most of Level 4. 2 50% I can correctly complete Level 4 only with guidance. 1 25% I am unable to complete Level 4, even with guidance.

29 T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
Candy Compound Activity T. Trimpe 2008

30 In Lab Groups

31 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

32 20 minutes

33 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

34 Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space (volume) Examples:
Complete Matter Outline Worksheet Anything that has mass and takes up space (volume) Examples: A brick has mass and takes up space A desk has mass and takes up space A pencil has mass and takes up space Air has mass and takes up space Mass vs. Weight All of the above examples are considered matter because they have mass and take up space. Can you think of anything that would not be considered matter?

35 Today in I.S.… Week #3 Quarter 2 (10/28-11/1) (calendar site)
Friday, 11/1 Pick Up: Worksheets on table Have out: Worksheets you picked up I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). I can describe physical and chemical properties of matter. Homework: Weekly Check Sheet due Monday, 10/28 Memorize the first 20 elements on the periodic table for a test on 11/13 or 11/14 Daily Question: What are the different properties of matter? Activities/Assignments: Chemical and Physical Properties notes and worksheets 35

36 TABLE OF CONTENTS Update Table of Contents DATE PAGE # PAGE TITLE
10/28/13 17 Bonding Basics Notes 18 Bonding Basics Review 10/29 19 Bonding Basics Practice Worksheet 20 Review Atoms Worksheet Packet 10/30 & 10/31 21 Candy Compound Activity 22 Discovering the Definition of Matter 23 Matter Outline Notes 11/1 24 Density Review Worksheet 25 Chemical & Physical Change Worksheet

37 LEARNING GOAL & SCALE 5 85% & Above
What students will be able to apply by the end of this course? Students use scientific processes: questioning, planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and logically about relationships between evidence and explanations, and communicating results. What students will be able to do by the end of this unit according to State Standards? Learning Goals: I can understand how to identify, categorize, and organize substances. 5 85% & Above In addition to Level 4, I can make connections to real-world applications and content in other Investigative Science units. 4 75% Mastery I can correctly: Describe substances based on their physical properties. Describe substances based on their chemical properties. Predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent). Describe the following features and components of the atom: o protons o neutrons o electrons o mass o organization o structure o number and type of particles 3 60% I can correctly complete most of Level 4. 2 50% I can correctly complete Level 4 only with guidance. 1 25% I am unable to complete Level 4, even with guidance.

38 Denisty Review

39 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

40 Physical Properties of Matter
any property of matter that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the matter Examples color shape taste state/phase density D = m V

41 Chemical Properties of Matter
any property of matter that describes a substance based on its ability to change into a new substance Examples flammability reactivity with vinegar reactivity with oxygen Iron + Oxygen  Iron oxide (rust) 2Fe + 3O2  Fe2O3

42 Chemical or Physical Property?
Paper is white Boiling point of H2O is 100oC Zinc reacts with hydrochloric acid and creates hydrogen gas Nitrogen does not burn Sulfur smells like rotten eggs Physical Property Physical Property Chemical Property Chemical Property Physical Property

43 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

44 Comparing Physical and Chemical Properties
Substance/Matter Physical Property Chemical Property Helium Less dense than air Nonflammable Wood Grainy texture Flammable Baking soda White powder Reacts with vinegar to produce bubbles Powdered sugar Does not react with vinegar Rubbing alcohol Clear liquid Red food coloring Red color Reacts with bleach and loses color Iron Malleable Reacts with oxygen

45 Physical Change a change in shape, size, color, or state
a change without a change in chemical composition a change that is reversible The Mixtures Lab Examples tearing paper cutting your hair change in state

46 combining sulfuric acid and sugar
Chemical Change a change in which a substance becomes another substance having different properties a change that is not reversible using ordinary physical means Changes that usually cause heat, sound, light, odor, fizzing/foaming, color changes You usually need more than one of the above characteristics to be considered a chemical change! Examples combining sulfuric acid and sugar burning a piece of wood soured milk

47 Chemical or Physical Change?
Bending a Paper Clip Baking a cake The sublimation of carbon dioxide Crushing an aluminum can Vinegar and baking soda combining to create salt and water Physical Change Chemical Change Physical Change Physical Change Chemical Change

48 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).

49 No you Practice! Show for a stamp When done 10 minutes

50 I.S. Learning Goal: I can describe predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table (e.g., metals, non-metals, bonding – ionic/covalent).


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